Visual Dictionary

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Visual Dictionary

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>Air Barrier paper is applied to the sheathing to reduce the leakage of air through the joints into the home. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Gable Vent <ul><li>It is used to ventilate the attic space on a Gable roof. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Roof Turbine <ul><li>A roof turbine is used to transfer the air from inside the attic to the outside of the house. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ridge Vent <ul><li>The ridge vent is located at the peak of the roof and keeps out snow and rain and also allows the air to circulate in the attic. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Soffit Vent <ul><li>Soffit vents are located around the exterior of a building usually under the eaves. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Batter boards <ul><li>Batter boards are boards placed at every corner of the house and lines are pulled off of these batter boards to help the block layers stay on a straight line. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Backhoe <ul><li>A backhoe digs footings for buildings and single family dwellings. Dimensions of bucket 2‘ x 2’ </li></ul>
  9. 9. Brick Arch
  10. 10. Brick Arch
  11. 11. Brick arch with Keystone
  12. 12. Brick Bonds : Common Bond
  13. 13. Brick Bond: Herringbone Bond
  14. 14. Rowlock
  15. 15. Header
  16. 16. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Soldier </li></ul><ul><li>Stretcher </li></ul><ul><li>Flemish Bond </li></ul>
  17. 17. Brick Size <ul><li>9x4x2 </li></ul>
  18. 18. Bick Size <ul><li>9x4.5x3 </li></ul>
  19. 19. Bulldozer <ul><li>A tractor that runs on tracks that are used when grading a jobsite. </li></ul>
  20. 20. EFIS Clad Structure
  21. 21. Brick Cladding
  22. 22. Shake Cladding <ul><li>Wood cladding is used on the exterior of homes as a type of siding. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Stone Cladding <ul><li>Random course </li></ul><ul><li>Ashlur Pattern </li></ul>
  24. 24. Wood Board Clad
  25. 25. Concrete Joints <ul><li>Control joints ¼” deep slab weaken by a recess joint in hopes to relieve stress off the concrete. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Isolation joint <ul><li>The slab is being isolated from the wall </li></ul>
  27. 27. Concrete Masonry Unit <ul><li>CMU’s primarily serve as foundations, retaining walls, and fireplaces. Actual dimensions 7 5/8” x 7 5/8” x 15 5/8” </li></ul>
  28. 28. Decorative Concrete Masonry Unit <ul><li>Ribbed block </li></ul>
  29. 29. Decorative CMU <ul><li>Split Block </li></ul>
  30. 30. Exterior Panel Door <ul><li>Panel </li></ul><ul><li>Stile </li></ul><ul><li>Top rail </li></ul><ul><li>Lock rail </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom rail </li></ul>
  31. 31. Electrical Components <ul><li>Service Head – power hook up from the power pole to the residence </li></ul><ul><li>Meter- measures how much power is used </li></ul><ul><li>Service Panel- contains the main breakers to the house </li></ul><ul><li>Duplex receptacle- a double receptacle </li></ul>
  32. 32. Power Pole <ul><li>Transformer </li></ul>
  33. 33. Anchor Bolt #1
  34. 34. Sill plate #2
  35. 35. Floor Joist #3
  36. 36. Subfloor #4
  37. 37. Sole Plate #5
  38. 38. Stud #6
  39. 39. Top Plate # 7
  40. 40. Ceiling Joist #8
  41. 41. Rafters #9
  42. 42. Roof Decking #10
  43. 43. Sheathing #11
  44. 44. Stringer #12
  45. 45. Front End Loader <ul><li>Front end loader </li></ul><ul><li>It is used around the job site haul dirt and gravel and push dirt around the site. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Gypsum Board <ul><li>Gypsum board is a building material also referred to as gypsum board. It is made of gypsum plaster pressed between two sheets. </li></ul>
  47. 47. Heat pump <ul><li>Helps control the humidity in the air as it heats and cools. </li></ul>
  48. 48. Air Handling Unit <ul><li>This unit absorbs direct air and sends air to the ducts. </li></ul>
  49. 49. Insulation <ul><li>Any material that is added to a building to slow down the conduction of heat flow, most critical spaces to insulate are the exterior walls and attics </li></ul>
  50. 50. Batte Insulation
  51. 51. Loose Fill Insulation
  52. 52. Rigid Board Insulation
  53. 53. Lintel <ul><li>Lintels are usually steel or concrete angles places over a window to help support the span of the movie. </li></ul>
  54. 54. Mortar Joint <ul><li>Tooled Mortar Joint 3/8” thick. Type M mortar used on a residential home </li></ul>
  55. 55. Mortar Joints <ul><li>Troweled 3/8” thick mortar joint type M used on a residential home. </li></ul>
  56. 56. Lavatory <ul><li>1’ ½” drain pipe </li></ul>
  57. 57. Water Closet <ul><li>3” drain line. </li></ul>
  58. 58. Manufactured Tub prior to Gypsum Board
  59. 59. VTR <ul><li>The VTR is used to release the moisture inside the bathroom or house onto the streets. </li></ul>
  60. 60. Kitchen Sink <ul><li>Drop in stainless steel </li></ul>
  61. 61. Plywood <ul><li>Thin slices of wood, known as a a veneer, glued and compressed together. </li></ul>
  62. 62. Radiant Barrier <ul><li>Helps to reflect the heat of the sun out of the attic. </li></ul>
  63. 63. Rebar <ul><li>3/8” rebar helps reinforce the concrete and it makes it stronger. </li></ul>
  64. 64. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Gutter-used to direct water off the roof into the downspout. </li></ul><ul><li>Downspout- transfer the water down the gutters into the ground. </li></ul><ul><li>Splashblock-the block of many different types of materials that set up at the bottom of the downspout so that the water doesn’t erode the ground. </li></ul>
  65. 65. Underlayment <ul><li>15-30 pound building felt that is applied to the roof prior to shingling to act as a support against moisture. </li></ul>
  66. 66. Clay Tile Roof
  67. 67. Concrete Shingles
  68. 68. Metal Panel Roof <ul><li>galvanized </li></ul>
  69. 69. Gable Roof
  70. 70. Hip Roof
  71. 71. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Ridge – highest point on a roof. </li></ul><ul><li>Valley- the sloping intersection of two roof plains </li></ul><ul><li>Eave- lowest horizontal edge of the low side of the sloping roof. </li></ul><ul><li>Rake- sloping corner of roof </li></ul><ul><li>Soffit- undersurface of the horizontal rafters along the exterior. </li></ul><ul><li>Fascia- board that runs along the edge of the house </li></ul>
  72. 72. Building Without Fascia <ul><li>Fascia – the board that runs along the edge of homes. </li></ul>
  73. 73. Random Rubble
  74. 74. Coursed Rubble
  75. 75. Random Ashlar
  76. 76. Vapor Retarder <ul><li>Vapor retarder is placed on the under side of your home to keep moisture from seeping from the ground through insulation into your home </li></ul>
  77. 77. Water proofing <ul><li>Sheets of plastic laid on the ground on top of the gravel to aid in keeping moisture out of the house and keep the warm air in. </li></ul>
  78. 78. Weep Hole <ul><li>Weep holes allow the water that gets trapped behind the brick walls to escape at the bottom. </li></ul>
  79. 79. Welded Wire Fabric <ul><li>Size 6”x6” </li></ul>
  80. 80. Casement Window #1 <ul><li>This is a casement window. It is a casement because it swings open. </li></ul>
  81. 81. Double Hung Window #2 <ul><li>This is a double hung window it is called this because there are two windows </li></ul>
  82. 82. Fixed Window <ul><li>This is a fixed window because it doesn’t raise or lower or swing in and out </li></ul>

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