ORIENTATION ON
RESEARCH (ESPECIALLYFOREIHSSTAFFS)
Presented by
SAgun PAudel
HA, EIHS
NAULO GHUMTI NEPAL
Meaning of Research
• The word research was originated from ‘recherche’
which means to travel through or survey.
• RE+SEAR...
• Research is the process of finding solution to a
problem after a through study and analysis of the
situational factors.
...
Research is systematic collection, analysis and
interpretation of data to answer a certain question or
solve a problem.
Re...
PURPOSES OF RESEARCH
• Generation new knowledge
• Improve understanding
• Application testing
• Comparing best practices
•...
CHARACTERISTICS OF RESEARCH
• Demands a clear statement of the problem
• Requires a scientific plan
• purposiveness
• Rele...
OBJECTIVES OF RESEARCH
• To gain familiarity with a phenomenon or to gain new insights
into it.
• To describe the characte...
TYPES OF RESEARCH
On the basis of
Application of research study
• Basic research
• Applied research
Objectives in understa...
RESEARCH PROCESS
Research is a team work
RESEARCH PROCESS
• Identification of the research problem
• Review of literature
• Formulation of the objectives of the st...
CRITERIAFOR SELECTINGARESEARCH
PROJECT
Interest
Relevance
Avoidance of duplication
Feasibility
Political acceptabilit...
FORMULATING STUDY PROBLEM
Formulating a study problem is the
first and most important steps in the
study process. A study ...
CRITERIAFOR DEVELOPINGAGOOD
RESEARCH QUESTION
Feasibility
Interesting
Novel
Ethical
Relevant
13
FINER
ABSTRACT
The abstract should be written in about 200 words, it
contents brief synopsis of activities to be carried out in ...
BACKGROUND
The background may provide general idea about
formulating problem and linked between present situation
and past...
OBJECTIVE
Objectives of Research should be
S=Specific
M=Measurable
A=Achievable
R=Reasonable
T=Timeliness
LITERATURE REVIEW
A literature review is a written summary of articles,
books and other documents that describe the past
a...
FORMULATING THE HYPOTHESES
Hypotheses is always developed in response to the
purpose statement or to answer the research q...
METHODOLOGY
• Study design
• Study area and population
• Sampling and Sample
selection
• Study variables
• Data collection...
SAMPLINGAND SAMPLE SELECTION
There are different
process of sampling
methods;
• Probability sampling
• Non-probability sam...
STUDYVARIABLES
• Dependent variables
• Independent Variable
Variables may take numerical (quantitative) or non-
numerical ...
INSTRUMENTS
• Questionnaires
• Checklist
• Guidelines
• Lab equipment
• Medicines
DATACOLLECTION
Process contains four interdependent elements;
• Defining a research methods
• Defining and constituting th...
DATA ANALYSIS
• Entered into a database
• Editing and coding
• Computer software used; dBase IV, SPSS, Epi, Epinfo,
STATA,...
INTERPRETATION OF FINDINGSAND
REPORTWRITING
CONTAINS OF REPORT
• Research title
• Acknowledgement
• Abbreviations
• List o...
Valuable suggestion and feedback
are awaiting……..
mail4sagun@gmail.com
THANKYOU!!
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General Introduction to Health research (Basic)

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This is a simple and general presentation about the health research which is prepared to present within staffs of Naulo Ghumti Nepal especially for EIHS staffs, objective if this presentation is to orient staffs about research.

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General Introduction to Health research (Basic)

  1. 1. ORIENTATION ON RESEARCH (ESPECIALLYFOREIHSSTAFFS) Presented by SAgun PAudel HA, EIHS NAULO GHUMTI NEPAL
  2. 2. Meaning of Research • The word research was originated from ‘recherche’ which means to travel through or survey. • RE+SEARCH= Search after search and search • Careful search or inquiry into any subject matter. • To investigate thoroughly
  3. 3. • Research is the process of finding solution to a problem after a through study and analysis of the situational factors. • Research as a movement, a movement from unknown to known. • Systematic effort to gain of knowledge.
  4. 4. Research is systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of data to answer a certain question or solve a problem. Research need to conducted in a  systematic fashion Logical Orderly process.
  5. 5. PURPOSES OF RESEARCH • Generation new knowledge • Improve understanding • Application testing • Comparing best practices • Helping with decision making  Exploration  Description  Explanation  Generalization/prediction  Theory building
  6. 6. CHARACTERISTICS OF RESEARCH • Demands a clear statement of the problem • Requires a scientific plan • purposiveness • Relevance, testability, effectiveness. • Ethnical • Collection and interpretation of data.
  7. 7. OBJECTIVES OF RESEARCH • To gain familiarity with a phenomenon or to gain new insights into it. • To describe the characteristics of a particular cause, situation or environment. • To determine the relationship between two or more variables. • To test hypothesis. • To solve the problems. • It provides answers for questions like what, where, when, how and why.
  8. 8. TYPES OF RESEARCH On the basis of Application of research study • Basic research • Applied research Objectives in understanding the research • Observational research • Experimental research Method of study • Quantitative research • Qualitative research
  9. 9. RESEARCH PROCESS Research is a team work
  10. 10. RESEARCH PROCESS • Identification of the research problem • Review of literature • Formulation of the objectives of the study • Protocol preparation • Conducting the study • Analysis of the data • Preparation of report
  11. 11. CRITERIAFOR SELECTINGARESEARCH PROJECT Interest Relevance Avoidance of duplication Feasibility Political acceptability Applicability Cost-effectiveness Ethical considerations
  12. 12. FORMULATING STUDY PROBLEM Formulating a study problem is the first and most important steps in the study process. A study problem identifies researcher’s destination and decide what he want to find out.
  13. 13. CRITERIAFOR DEVELOPINGAGOOD RESEARCH QUESTION Feasibility Interesting Novel Ethical Relevant 13 FINER
  14. 14. ABSTRACT The abstract should be written in about 200 words, it contents brief synopsis of activities to be carried out in the study. It helps to understand the frame of study activities for the reader.
  15. 15. BACKGROUND The background may provide general idea about formulating problem and linked between present situation and past experiences.
  16. 16. OBJECTIVE Objectives of Research should be S=Specific M=Measurable A=Achievable R=Reasonable T=Timeliness
  17. 17. LITERATURE REVIEW A literature review is a written summary of articles, books and other documents that describe the past and current state ok knowledge about topic.
  18. 18. FORMULATING THE HYPOTHESES Hypotheses is always developed in response to the purpose statement or to answer the research question.
  19. 19. METHODOLOGY • Study design • Study area and population • Sampling and Sample selection • Study variables • Data collection • Data analysis
  20. 20. SAMPLINGAND SAMPLE SELECTION There are different process of sampling methods; • Probability sampling • Non-probability sampling
  21. 21. STUDYVARIABLES • Dependent variables • Independent Variable Variables may take numerical (quantitative) or non- numerical (qualitative) values. Quantitative Variables Qualitative Variables
  22. 22. INSTRUMENTS • Questionnaires • Checklist • Guidelines • Lab equipment • Medicines
  23. 23. DATACOLLECTION Process contains four interdependent elements; • Defining a research methods • Defining and constituting the sample • Choosing and preparing Data collection tools • Evaluating the tools-pre test
  24. 24. DATA ANALYSIS • Entered into a database • Editing and coding • Computer software used; dBase IV, SPSS, Epi, Epinfo, STATA, Excel • Frequencies and cross- tabulations • Selection of analytical techniques
  25. 25. INTERPRETATION OF FINDINGSAND REPORTWRITING CONTAINS OF REPORT • Research title • Acknowledgement • Abbreviations • List of table • List of figures • Introduction (background, statement of problem and its justification or rationale) • Objectives • Methodology • Results • Discussion • Recommendations • References • Annexes
  26. 26. Valuable suggestion and feedback are awaiting…….. mail4sagun@gmail.com THANKYOU!!
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