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Meaning and characteristics of research

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introduction to research

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Meaning and characteristics of research

  1. 1. MEANING AND CHARACTERISTICS OF RESEARCH Jeff L. Homeres Instructor
  2. 2. Topics: Meaning of Research Characteristics of Research Qualities of a Good Researcher Characteristics of the Researcher Man’s Major Needs and Problems Demand Research Values of Research to Man Types of Research Classification of Research The Variable Types of Variable Components of the Research Process
  3. 3. Research • It is the systematic study of trend or event which involves careful collection, presentation, analysis and interpretation of quantitative data or facts that relates man’s thinking with reality.
  4. 4. Topics: Characteristics of Research Qualities of a Good Researcher Characteristics of the Researcher Man’s Major Needs and Problems Demand Research Values of Research to Man Types of Research Classification of Research The Variable Types of Variable Components of the Research Process
  5. 5. Characteristics of Research 1. Empirical – research is based on direct experience or observation by the researcher. 2. Logical – research is based on valid procedures and principles. 3. Cyclical – research starts with a problem and ends with a problem.
  6. 6. Characteristics of Research 4. Analytical – research utilizes proven analytical procedures in gathering data, whether historical, descriptive, experimental, and case study. 5. Critical – research exhibits careful and precise judgment.
  7. 7. Characteristics of Research 6. Methodical – research is conducted in a methodical manner without bias using systematic method and procedures. 7. Replicability – research design and procedures are repeated to enable the researcher to arrive at valid and conclusive results.
  8. 8. Topics: Qualities of a Good Researcher Characteristics of the Researcher Man’s Major Needs and Problems Demand Research Values of Research to Man Types of Research Classification of Research The Variable Types of Variable Components of the Research Process
  9. 9. Qualities of a Good Researcher Research Oriented Efficient Scientific Effective Active Resourceful Creative Honest Economical Religious
  10. 10. Topics: Characteristics of the Researcher Man’s Major Needs and Problems Demand Research Values of Research to Man Types of Research Classification of Research The Variable Types of Variable Components of the Research Process
  11. 11. Characteristics of the Researcher 1. Intellectual Curiosity – researcher undertakes deep thinking and inquiry of the things, problems, and situations around him. 2. Prudence – researcher is careful to conduct his study at the right time and at the right place wisely, efficiently, and economically.
  12. 12. Characteristics of the Researcher 3. Healthy Criticism – the researcher is always doubtful as to the truthfulness of the results. 4. Intellectual Honesty – researcher is honest to collect or gather the data or facts in order to arrive at honest results.
  13. 13. Characteristics of the Researcher 5. Intellectual creativity – a resourceful investigator always creates new researches. He enjoys inventing unique, novel and original researches, and considers research as his hobby. (creative researcher is innovative)
  14. 14. Topics: Man’s Major Needs and Problems Demand Research Values of Research to Man Types of Research Classification of Research The Variable Types of Variable Components of the Research Process
  15. 15. Man’s Major Needs and Problems Demand Research It includes: • how to reduce his burden of work; • how to relieve suffering; • how to increase satisfaction in fulfilling his needs, cravings and aspirations.
  16. 16. Topics: Values of Research to Man Types of Research Classification of Research The Variable Types of Variable Components of the Research Process
  17. 17. Values of Research to Man 1. Research Improves quality of life – It has led man to search for ways for improving processes and means which man love and find interesting.
  18. 18. Values of Research to Man 2. Research improves instruction – Modern teacher introduces innovations and integrates the 3Rs (rational thinking, right conduct, and research) in all subject areas in his teaching.
  19. 19. Values of Research to Man 3. Research improves students’ achievement – The students’ achievement could be improve if the modern teacher keeps himself updated on issues and trends about the modern methods and strategies in teaching.
  20. 20. Values of Research to Man 4. Research improves teachers’ competence – research oriented teacher always conduct research to improve his competence and produce graduates who respond to the socioeconomic development of the country and can compete with other graduates of the world.
  21. 21. Values of Research to Man 5. Research satisfies man’s needs – modern facilities that satisfy man’s needs are all products of research. 6. Research reduces the burden of work
  22. 22. Values of Research to Man 7. Research has deep-seated psychological aspects – It challenges man to get rid of the danger of stagnation. It is an open door to a better tomorrow and it guides him in his efforts to obtain good results which contribute to his satisfaction and self-fulfilment.
  23. 23. Values of Research to Man 8. Research improves the exportation of food products – Some international research agencies provide financial support for the researches in the Philippines.
  24. 24. Values of Research to Man 9. Research responds to the economic recovery and austerity measures of the country – Research outputs are converted to income generating projects to train students to earn while they learn.
  25. 25. Values of Research to Man 10. Research trains graduates to become responsive to the economic development of the country and compete globally.
  26. 26. Topics: Types of Research Classification of Research The Variable Types of Variable Components of the Research Process
  27. 27. TYPES OF RESEARCH 1. Basic Research – It seeks to discover basic truths or principles. It is intended to add to the body of scientific knowledge by exploring the unknown to extend the boundaries of knowledge as well as to discover new facts, and learn more accurately the characteristics of known without any particular thought as to immediate practical utility.
  28. 28. TYPES OF RESEARCH 2. Applied Research – involves seeking new applications of scientific knowledge to the solution of a problem such as the development of new system or procedure, new device, or new method, in order to solve the problem. • Produces knowledge of practical use to man.
  29. 29. TYPES OF RESEARCH 3. Developmental research – this is a decision- oriented research involving the application of the steps of the scientific method in response to an immediate need to improve existing practices. • If a researcher continues to find practical applications from theoretical knowledge and use this existing knowledge to produce useful products.
  30. 30. Topics: Classification of Research The Variable Types of Variable Components of the Research Process
  31. 31. CLASSIFICATION OF RESEARCH 1. Library Research – this is done in the library where answers to specific questions or problems of the study are available. 2. Field research – research is conducted in a natural setting.
  32. 32. CLASSIFICATION OF RESEARCH 3. Laboratory research – this is conducted in artificial or controlled conditions by isolating the study in a thoroughly specified and equipped area.
  33. 33. Topics: The Variable Types of Variable Components of the Research Process
  34. 34. The Variable defined as a quantity susceptible of fluctuation or change in value or magnitude under different conditions.
  35. 35. Topics: Types of Variable Components of the Research Process
  36. 36. Types of Variable 1. Independent Variable – this is the stimulus variable which is chosen by the researcher to determine its relationship to an observed phenomenon.
  37. 37. Types of Variable 2. Dependent Variable – this is the response variable which is observed and measured to determine the effect of the independent variable. It changes when independent variable changes.
  38. 38. Types of Variable 3. Moderator Variable – this is a secondary or special type of independent variable chosen by the researcher to determine if it changes or modifies the relationships between the independent and dependent variables.
  39. 39. Types of Variable 4. Control Variable – a variable controlled by the investigator in which the effects can be neutralized by eliminating or removing the variable. 5. Intervening Variable – a variable which interferes with the independent and dependent variables, but its effects can either strengthen or weaken the independent and dependent variables.
  40. 40. Topics: Components of the Research Process
  41. 41. Components of the Research Process
  42. 42. THANK YOU…

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