STAGES IN A NARRATIVE PRE-WRITING WRITING PROOF-READING
PRE-WRITING1. Write an outline of what the story is goingto be about. Read the exam rubric carefully.2. Brainstorming for ideas, Write down anyideas, words and phrases that you can thinkof which to the topic of your composition.Group your ideas and put them into a logicalorder.3. Layout, Your ideas should be organizedinto paragraphs consisting of three parts:Introduction, main body and conclusion
How to tell a storyNarratives are either imaginary or realstories. They can be written in the first orthird person and describes a series ofevents.PAST SIMPLE, PAST CONTINUOS and PASTPERFECT are the tenses used to writein the past.
Parts of a story: 1. IntroductionYou describe when and where the story tookplace and who were involved.We catch readers attention by talkingabout our feelings (strong adjectives arepreferred) furious, miserable, terrified,petrified, annoyed.....and make him/her wantto continue reading the story.
Example:I had been working the whole morningand I just wanted to go home and hada nap after such a tiring day.Suddenly, when I was driving past LaBallena I remembered there wasnothing to eat at home so I changedmy mind and drove into the shoppingcenter instead.
2. Main bodyIt consists of two or more paragraphs. We tell theevents in the order they happened:Example: It was four oclock in the afternoon and I had justfinished my shopping at Carrefour with my trolleycompletely packed with lots of articles I had bought, drinks,dairy products, cleaning products....... so I headed towardsthe conveyor belt to put the shopping into my car. As soonas I placed my trolley on it I knew something was goingwrong. There was no belt there, it was an electric stairway,and consequently the trolley started rolling down the stairs.
Sudde nly, Isaw myse lf flying o ve r the tro lle y and falling do wnin fro nt o f it with all the thing s hitting me o n my he ad. Iwaste rrifie d and starte d sho uting fo r he lp. Ayo ung man who wasbe hind me o n the stairs, co uld g rasp the tro lle y so it didnt g e tme . Two minute s late r, so me pe o ple in the sho pping ce ntrewe re he lping me . Ico uldnt sto p crying afte r such a sho ck.Luckily, Iwas unhurt but abso lute ly pe trifie d. Eve ntually, o ne o fthe g uards at the sho pping ce ntre , afte r making sure Iwas allrig ht acco mpanie d me to the car.
3. Conclusion We write what happened in the end, saying the consequences and describing our feelings/reactions.Example:Eventually, I arrived safely at home.Lying on my comfortable sofa, I couldntstop thinking about my terribleadventure. Nothing really serious hadhappened but I knew for certain that itwas my last shopping at La Ballena .
Points to considerSequence of events. Sequencing refers to theorder in which events happened. These aresome of the most common ways to sequencein writing:
Beginning: Continuing: ● Firstly First of all Then, To start off with After that, Next, As soon as / When + full clause, ... but then Immediately,● Adding new ● Ending Elements: Finally, Suddenly In the end, Unexpectedly Eventually, Lastly,
Use adjetives and adverbs to describefeelings and actions. Instead of using common ones (hungry), we shoulduse more interested words (starving) ● delightful, enormous, ● absolutely,extremely, huge, tiny,horrible, throughly, angrily, gigantic,fabulous, miresably, nervously, wonderful, nasty confidently,....... unpleasant, glad, delighted, depressed, disgusting........
ProofreadingRead through the story in order to see if youcan find any mistakes.● Make sure you stick to the question.● Evaluate the layout and organization.● Revise grammar.● Revise vocabulary.● Revise spelling, capitalization andpunctuation