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PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
PTSD
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PTSD

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Helpful information on understanding PTSD.

Helpful information on understanding PTSD.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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  • 1. PTSD "soldier's heart "
  • 2. defini t ion
  • 3. Anxiety disorder after exposure to terrifying event in which grave physical harm was threatened definition
  • 4. Fear triggers split-second changes in body to defend against danger or avoid it definition
  • 5. This “fight-or-flight” response is healthy meant to protect person from harm definition
  • 6. In PTSD, reaction is changed or damaged - one may feel stressed or frightened even when no longer in danger definition
  • 7. Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (C-PTSD) prolonged exposure to traumatic event; long-lasting problems of emotional & social functioning definition
  • 8. f a cts
  • 9. Women sexually abused at earlier ages more likely to develop C-PTSD facts
  • 10. Up to 100% of children who endured sexual abuse tend to develop facts
  • 11. Women twice as likely as men to develop facts
  • 12. Approximately 7%-8% of US likely develop in lifetime facts
  • 13. symp t oms
  • 14.
    • Persistent frightening thoughts and memories of ordeal
    symptoms
  • 15.
    • Feel emotionally numb , especially with people once close to
    symptoms
  • 16.
    • Children and teens can have extreme reactions to trauma, symptoms may not be the same as adults
    symptoms
  • 17.
    • Re-experiencing…
    • problems in everyday routine
    • can start from own thoughts, feelings, words, objects, or situations
    • flashbacks - reliving trauma over and over, including physical symptoms like a racing heart or sweating; bad dreams
    symptoms
  • 18.
    • Avoidance…
    • avoiding places, events, or objects reminders of experience
    • strong guilt, depression, or worry
    • losing interest in activities enjoyable in past
    • trouble remembering event
    symptoms
  • 19.
    • Hyper Arousal…
    • easily startled
    • feeling “on edge”
    • difficulty sleeping
    • angry outbursts
    • usually constant
    symptoms
  • 20.
    • C-PTSD…
    • Problems regulating feelings
    • Suicidal thoughts
    • Passive aggressive behaviors
    • Feel detached from one's life (dissociation) or body (depersonalization)
    • Persistent feelings of helplessness, shame, guilt
    • Feeling completely different from others
    symptoms
  • 21.
    • Often co-occurs with…
    • Depression
    • Substance abuse disorder
    • Bipolar disorder (manic depression)
    • Eating disorder
    • Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
    • Panic disorder
    • Social anxiety disorder
    • Generalized anxiety disorder
    symptoms
  • 22. diagn o sis
  • 23.
    • To be diagnosed person must have all of the following for at least 1 month …
    diagnosis
  • 24.
    • At least one re-experiencing symptom
    diagnosis
  • 25.
    • At least three avoidance symptoms
    diagnosis
  • 26.
    • At least two hyperarousal symptoms
    diagnosis
  • 27.
    • Not everyone who lives through a dangerous event gets PTSD - in fact, most will not get the disorder
    diagnosis
  • 28. fac t ors
  • 29. Risk factors make a person more likely to get PTSD factors
  • 30. Resilience factors reduce risk of the disorder factors
  • 31. Factors present before trauma and others become important during and after traumatic event factors
  • 32. factors
    • Risk factors include…
    • Living through dangerous trauma
    • History of mental illness
    • Feeling helplessness or extreme fear
    • Little or no social support after event
    • Dealing with extra stress after event
  • 33. factors
    • Resilience factors include…
    • Seeking out support from others
    • Support group after traumatic event
    • Feeling good about actions in face of danger
    • Having coping strategy and learning from it
    • Being able to act and respond effectively despite feeling fear
  • 34. treat m ent
  • 35.
    • Main Treatments…
    • Psychotherapy (“talk” therapy)
    • Medications
    • Or both
    treatment
  • 36. Psychotherapy can occur one-on-one or in group treatment
  • 37. Talk therapy usually lasts 6 to 12 weeks or more treatment
  • 38. Research shows support from family and friends an important part of therapy treatment
  • 39.
    • Exposure Therapy…
    • Helps face and control fear
    • Exposes to trauma in safe way
    • Mental imagery, writing, or visits to place where event happened
    treatment
  • 40.
    • Cognitive Restructuring…
    • Helps make sense of bad memories
    • Sometimes remember event differently than how happened
    • May feel guilt or shame about what is not fault
    treatment
  • 41.
    • Stress Inoculation Training…
    • Teaches how to reduce anxiety
    • Helps look at memories in healthy way
    treatment
  • 42. hel p ing
  • 43.
    • To help a friend…
    • Offer emotional support, understanding, patience, and encouragement
    • Talk and listen carefully
    • Be understanding of situations that trigger symptoms
    helping
  • 44.
    • To help a friend…
    • Invite friend to positive distractions (walks, outings, fishing)
    • Remind friend, with time and treatment, she can get better
    • Never ignore comments about harming herself and report comments to doctor
    helping
  • 45.
    • To help yourself…
    • Talk to doctor
    • Engage in activity
    • Set realistic goals
    • Break large tasks into small ones
    helping
  • 46.
    • To help yourself…
    • Spend time with people, confide in trusted friend
    • Tell others about symptom triggers
    • Expect symptoms to improve gradually
    • Identify & seek comforting situations, places, & people
    helping
  • 47.
    • Mental Health Resources…
    • psychiatrist – psychologist - social worker - counselor - community mental health center - outpatient clinic - universities - family service or social agency - peer support group - private clinic - employee assistance - local medical or psychiatric society - National Alliance for Mentally Ill - National Mental Health Assoc - PTSD Info Hotline - PTSD Sanctuary - Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network
    Resources
  • 48.
    • For more information…
    • National Library of Medicine
    • National Institute of Mental Health
    • “ PTSD in Children & Adolescents: A National Center for PTSD Fact Sheet”
    • “ Meta-analysis of risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in trauma-exposed adults”
    • “ Psychobiological mechanisms of resilience & vulnerability: implications for successful adaptation to extreme stress”
    • “ Clinical response & risk for reported suicidal ideation & suicide attempts in pediatric antidepressant treatment, a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials”
    • “ Journal of the American Medical Association”
    • “ Trends in mental illness & suicidality after Hurricane Katrina”
    • “ Social, psychological, & psychiatric interventions following terrorist attacks: recommendations for practice & research”
    • “ Neuropsychopharmacology”
    • “ Assessment and treatment of adult acute responses to traumatic stress following mass traumatic events”
    • “ Psychological debriefing for preventing post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)”
    • “ Cochrane Database”
    • “ A Randomized, Controlled Proof-of-Concept Trial of an Internet-Based, Therapist-Assisted Self-Management Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder”
    Resources
  • 49. PTSD "soldier's heart "

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