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CAD CAM
DENTURES
-Presented by
NAVEEN GOKUL R
CRI
DEPARTMENT OF PROSTHODONTICS
PRIYADARSHINI DENTAL COLLEGE
CONTENTS
• DEFINITION -GPT
• EVOLUTION OF CAD/CAM
• ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES OF CAD/CAM
• OVERVIEW OF CAD/CAM TECHNOLOGY
• STEPS IN FABRICATION OF CAD/CAM DENTURES
• CONVENTIONAL vs DIGITAL FABRICATION
• RESIN DISCS/PLUCKS
• CAD/CAM vs 3D PRINTING
• CAD SOFTWARES
• EXOCAD
CAD-CAM :COMPUTER-AIDED / DESIGN-
COMPUTER-AIDED MANUFACTURING
GPT- 9TH ED :
The Computer Numerical Control (CNC) subtractive
fabrication of a 3D object; in dentistry, used to produce
different types of prostheses, including crowns, veneers,
inlays, onlays, fixed dental prostheses, removable dental
prostheses, dental implant prostheses, and orthodontic
and other devices1.
1GLOSSARY OF PROSTHODONTIC TERMS (GPT) – 9TH ED
EVOLUTION OF CAD/CAM IN DENTISTRY2
2006
Lithium Disilicate
material was introudced
1971
2006
iTero system was
introduced
1985
2013
First CAD/CAM Complete
denture was made
1987
2016
Form labs introduced
Form 2 -3D printer
2000
Prof Francois Duret
published “SOPHA” system
CEREC system was
developed
SLA-1 world’s first 3D
printer was introduced
3Shape program was
founded
2Recent Advancements in CAD/CAM Same-Day Dentistry in Practice and Education : Review - Sompop Bencharit et al
https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202111.0490.v1
Prof. Francois Duret – “Father of Dental
CAD/CAM” at his lab [1979]3
3https://eliezerganon.wordpress.com/2017/07/22/brief-history-of-cadcam/
4http://www.francoisduret.com/en/home/
1973 thesis in French on Digital
dentistry and CAD/CAM4
SIRONA CAD/CAM system from 3M
Susic, I & Travar, M & Susic, M. (2017). The application of CAD / CAM technology in Dentistry. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 200. 012020.
10.1088/1757-899X/200/1/012020
CEREC 3D PRINTING SYSTEM
https://carlosacevedo.co/en/cerec/
PROGRA PRINT- IVOVLAR 3D PRINTER
https://highlights.ivoclar.com/lab/en/the-future-of-3d-printing-for-your-digital-laboratory-is-now
ADVANTAGES OF CAM/CAM6
REDUCED CLINICAL CHAIR SIDE TIME
POLYMERISATION SRINKAGE IS ELIMINATED
RAPID FABRICATION OF DENTURES
PERFECT FIT AND ESTHETICALLY PLEASING
RETENTION OF DENTURE IS SUPERIOR THAN CONVENTIONAL
DENTURES
6https://www.guident.net/articles/prosthodontics/revolutionizing-workflow-by-cad-cam-digital-dentures.html
DISADVANTAGES OF CAM/CAM7
 NEED SKILL TO OPERATE
HIGHLY SOPHISTICATED SYSTEM
NEED INITIAL INVESTMENT AND PROPER MAINTAINENCE
ERRORS IN OCCLUSION ASSESSMENT AND HUMAN INPUT
CAD SYSTEMS CANNOT ACCURATELY ASSESS BALANCED
OCCLSUION
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT - RESIN MICROPARTICLES
7Nadim Z.; Goodacre, Brian J.; Goodacre, Charles J.; Müller, Frauke; Wagner, Stephen (May 2021). "CAD/CAM Complete Denture Systems and Physical
Properties: A Review of the Literature". Journal of Prosthodontics
KANAZAWA, Manabu; INOKOSHI, Masanao; MINAKUCHI, Shunsuke; OHBAYASHI, Naoto (2011). "Trial of a CAD/CAM system for fabricating complete
dentures". Dental Materials Journal. 30 (1): 93–96.
Sneha S. Mantri and Abhilasha S. Bhasin.CAD/CAM IN DENTAL RESTORATIONS: AN OVERVIEW. Annals and Essences of Dentistry.2010.
Vol 2 :( 3) :123-128.
OVERVIEW OF
CAD/CAM
TECHNOLOGY
STEPS IN FABRICATION OF CAD/CAM DENTURES
APPOINTMENT 1
Impressions, jaw relation
records, occlusal plane
orientation, tooth molding
and shade selection, and
maxillary anterior tooth
positioning record
APPOINTMENT 2
Placement of dentures
BASIC STEPS IN FABRICATION
Digital Dentistry for Complete Dentures: A review of digital dentistry versus conventional approaches to complete dentures,Amit Punj, DMD,
MCR, FACP and Francois Fisselier, DDS
CONVENTIONAL VS DIGITAL APPROACH
Digital Dentistry for Complete Dentures: A review of digital dentistry versus conventional approaches to complete dentures,Amit Punj, DMD,
MCR, FACP and Francois Fisselier, DDS
RESIN DISCS/PLUCKS - PMMA
Murali Srinivasan, Nicole Kalberer, Porawit Kamnoedboon et al,. CAD-CAM complete denture resins: an evaluation of biocompatibility,
mechanical properties, and surface characteristics, Journal of Dentistry, Volume 114,2021,ISSN 0300-5712.
RESIN DISCS/PLUCKS - PMMA
Murali Srinivasan, Nicole Kalberer, Porawit Kamnoedboon et al,. CAD-CAM complete denture resins: an evaluation of biocompatibility,
mechanical properties, and surface characteristics, Journal of Dentistry, Volume 114,2021,ISSN 0300-5712.
FABRICATION STEPS
FABRICATION STEPS
Kattadiyil, Mathew & Goodacre, Charles & Baba, Nadim. (2013). CAD/CAM Complete Dentures: A Review of Two Commercial Fabrication
Systems. Journal of the California Dental Association. 41. 407-16. 10.1080/19424396.2013.12222317.
Kattadiyil, Mathew & Goodacre, Charles & Baba, Nadim. (2013). CAD/CAM Complete Dentures: A Review of Two Commercial Fabrication
Systems. Journal of the California Dental Association. 41. 407-16. 10.1080/19424396.2013.12222317.
Kattadiyil, Mathew & Goodacre, Charles & Baba, Nadim. (2013). CAD/CAM Complete Dentures: A Review of Two Commercial Fabrication
Systems. Journal of the California Dental Association. 41. 407-16. 10.1080/19424396.2013.12222317.
Complete Dentures Fabricated with CAD/CAM Technology and a Traditional Clinical Recording Method Nadica Janeva, Gordana Kovacevska1,
Edvard Janev
Complete Dentures Fabricated with CAD/CAM Technology and a Traditional Clinical Recording Method Nadica Janeva, Gordana Kovacevska1,
Edvard Janev
https://www.styleitaliano.org/digital-denture-evolution-cad-cam-3d-printed-dentures/
https://www.styleitaliano.org/digital-denture-evolution-cad-cam-3d-printed-dentures/
A review on clinical use of CAD/CAM and 3D printed dentures -Khaled Alhallak, Eleni Hagi-Pavli and Ali Nankali
CAD SOFTWARES
Han, Weili & Li, Yanfeng & Zhang et al,. (2017). Design and fabrication of complete dentures using CAD/CAM technology. Medicine. 96.
e5435. 10.1097/MD.0000000000005435.
Han, Weili & Li, Yanfeng & Zhang et al,. (2017). Design and fabrication of complete dentures using CAD/CAM technology. Medicine. 96.
e5435. 10.1097/MD.0000000000005435.
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CAD CAM DENTURES IN PROSTHODONTICS : Dental advancements

  • 1. CAD CAM DENTURES -Presented by NAVEEN GOKUL R CRI DEPARTMENT OF PROSTHODONTICS PRIYADARSHINI DENTAL COLLEGE
  • 2. CONTENTS • DEFINITION -GPT • EVOLUTION OF CAD/CAM • ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES OF CAD/CAM • OVERVIEW OF CAD/CAM TECHNOLOGY • STEPS IN FABRICATION OF CAD/CAM DENTURES • CONVENTIONAL vs DIGITAL FABRICATION • RESIN DISCS/PLUCKS • CAD/CAM vs 3D PRINTING • CAD SOFTWARES • EXOCAD
  • 3. CAD-CAM :COMPUTER-AIDED / DESIGN- COMPUTER-AIDED MANUFACTURING GPT- 9TH ED : The Computer Numerical Control (CNC) subtractive fabrication of a 3D object; in dentistry, used to produce different types of prostheses, including crowns, veneers, inlays, onlays, fixed dental prostheses, removable dental prostheses, dental implant prostheses, and orthodontic and other devices1. 1GLOSSARY OF PROSTHODONTIC TERMS (GPT) – 9TH ED
  • 4. EVOLUTION OF CAD/CAM IN DENTISTRY2 2006 Lithium Disilicate material was introudced 1971 2006 iTero system was introduced 1985 2013 First CAD/CAM Complete denture was made 1987 2016 Form labs introduced Form 2 -3D printer 2000 Prof Francois Duret published “SOPHA” system CEREC system was developed SLA-1 world’s first 3D printer was introduced 3Shape program was founded 2Recent Advancements in CAD/CAM Same-Day Dentistry in Practice and Education : Review - Sompop Bencharit et al https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202111.0490.v1
  • 5. Prof. Francois Duret – “Father of Dental CAD/CAM” at his lab [1979]3 3https://eliezerganon.wordpress.com/2017/07/22/brief-history-of-cadcam/ 4http://www.francoisduret.com/en/home/ 1973 thesis in French on Digital dentistry and CAD/CAM4
  • 6. SIRONA CAD/CAM system from 3M Susic, I & Travar, M & Susic, M. (2017). The application of CAD / CAM technology in Dentistry. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 200. 012020. 10.1088/1757-899X/200/1/012020
  • 7. CEREC 3D PRINTING SYSTEM https://carlosacevedo.co/en/cerec/
  • 8. PROGRA PRINT- IVOVLAR 3D PRINTER https://highlights.ivoclar.com/lab/en/the-future-of-3d-printing-for-your-digital-laboratory-is-now
  • 9. ADVANTAGES OF CAM/CAM6 REDUCED CLINICAL CHAIR SIDE TIME POLYMERISATION SRINKAGE IS ELIMINATED RAPID FABRICATION OF DENTURES PERFECT FIT AND ESTHETICALLY PLEASING RETENTION OF DENTURE IS SUPERIOR THAN CONVENTIONAL DENTURES 6https://www.guident.net/articles/prosthodontics/revolutionizing-workflow-by-cad-cam-digital-dentures.html
  • 10. DISADVANTAGES OF CAM/CAM7  NEED SKILL TO OPERATE HIGHLY SOPHISTICATED SYSTEM NEED INITIAL INVESTMENT AND PROPER MAINTAINENCE ERRORS IN OCCLUSION ASSESSMENT AND HUMAN INPUT CAD SYSTEMS CANNOT ACCURATELY ASSESS BALANCED OCCLSUION ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT - RESIN MICROPARTICLES 7Nadim Z.; Goodacre, Brian J.; Goodacre, Charles J.; Müller, Frauke; Wagner, Stephen (May 2021). "CAD/CAM Complete Denture Systems and Physical Properties: A Review of the Literature". Journal of Prosthodontics KANAZAWA, Manabu; INOKOSHI, Masanao; MINAKUCHI, Shunsuke; OHBAYASHI, Naoto (2011). "Trial of a CAD/CAM system for fabricating complete dentures". Dental Materials Journal. 30 (1): 93–96.
  • 11. Sneha S. Mantri and Abhilasha S. Bhasin.CAD/CAM IN DENTAL RESTORATIONS: AN OVERVIEW. Annals and Essences of Dentistry.2010. Vol 2 :( 3) :123-128. OVERVIEW OF CAD/CAM TECHNOLOGY
  • 12. STEPS IN FABRICATION OF CAD/CAM DENTURES APPOINTMENT 1 Impressions, jaw relation records, occlusal plane orientation, tooth molding and shade selection, and maxillary anterior tooth positioning record APPOINTMENT 2 Placement of dentures
  • 13. BASIC STEPS IN FABRICATION Digital Dentistry for Complete Dentures: A review of digital dentistry versus conventional approaches to complete dentures,Amit Punj, DMD, MCR, FACP and Francois Fisselier, DDS
  • 14. CONVENTIONAL VS DIGITAL APPROACH Digital Dentistry for Complete Dentures: A review of digital dentistry versus conventional approaches to complete dentures,Amit Punj, DMD, MCR, FACP and Francois Fisselier, DDS
  • 15. RESIN DISCS/PLUCKS - PMMA Murali Srinivasan, Nicole Kalberer, Porawit Kamnoedboon et al,. CAD-CAM complete denture resins: an evaluation of biocompatibility, mechanical properties, and surface characteristics, Journal of Dentistry, Volume 114,2021,ISSN 0300-5712.
  • 16. RESIN DISCS/PLUCKS - PMMA Murali Srinivasan, Nicole Kalberer, Porawit Kamnoedboon et al,. CAD-CAM complete denture resins: an evaluation of biocompatibility, mechanical properties, and surface characteristics, Journal of Dentistry, Volume 114,2021,ISSN 0300-5712.
  • 19. Kattadiyil, Mathew & Goodacre, Charles & Baba, Nadim. (2013). CAD/CAM Complete Dentures: A Review of Two Commercial Fabrication Systems. Journal of the California Dental Association. 41. 407-16. 10.1080/19424396.2013.12222317.
  • 20. Kattadiyil, Mathew & Goodacre, Charles & Baba, Nadim. (2013). CAD/CAM Complete Dentures: A Review of Two Commercial Fabrication Systems. Journal of the California Dental Association. 41. 407-16. 10.1080/19424396.2013.12222317.
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  • 22. Complete Dentures Fabricated with CAD/CAM Technology and a Traditional Clinical Recording Method Nadica Janeva, Gordana Kovacevska1, Edvard Janev
  • 23. Complete Dentures Fabricated with CAD/CAM Technology and a Traditional Clinical Recording Method Nadica Janeva, Gordana Kovacevska1, Edvard Janev
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