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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)


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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

  1. 1. Jackie Williams
  2. 2.  What is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?  Causes of PTSD  Effects of PTSD  Treatment of PTSD
  3. 3.  “A psychological reaction occurring during experiencing a highly stressing event that is usually characterized by depression, anxiety, flash backs, recurrent nightmares, and avoidance of reminders of the event” (Merriam-Webster’s, p.1)  Classified by symptoms of reliving the event, avoiding situations reminding one of the event, negative changes in beliefs, and feeling jittery.
  4. 4.  Any trauma that is life-threatening - affects physical of emotional well-being  This can include:  Being a victim of or seeing violence  Death  War or combat  Car accidents  Hurricanes, tornadoes, and fires  Violent crimes, like a robbery
  5. 5.  Common Symptoms  Suffering from bad dreams  Feeling like the event is happening again(flashbacks)  Experiencing uncontrollable thoughts  Avoiding places that remind one of the event  Feeling worried, guilty, or sad  Sleeping too little or too much  Feeling on edge  Fighting with loved ones  Feeling alone
  6. 6.  Children may show other types of problems  Being unable to talk  Complaining of stomach problems or headaches a lot  Refusing to go places or play with friends
  7. 7.  May include: therapy, medication, or both  6-12 weeks (depending on the person, could take longer)  Treatment varies from person to person  Alcohol and drugs make PTSD worse
  8. 8.  Four weekly, 50-min, single family joining sessions  Phase 1: strengthens family relationships  Phase 2: emphasizes family needs  Phase 3: focuses on problem-solving
  9. 9.  Relationship building  Old vs. new values  Establishes a meaning for the event  Reduces:  Automatic distress to similar events  Hyperarousal  Increases:  Person’s ability to take risk
  10. 10.  Learning to change one’s thoughts about the trauma that are not true or which cause stress  Patients are taught to disassemble their problems into various parts, making the problem more manageable and less overwhelming  Improves mood and outlook
  11. 11.  Helps patients face and gain control of the fear and distress that was overwhelming in the trauma  Could result in re-traumatizing the patient  B13A
  12. 12.  Ability to manage fear and stress determines a huge role in whether one will develop PTSD  Support greatly influences the victim  Treatment is crucial to improving overall health!
  13. 13.  Fischer, E., Sherman, M., Han, X., & Owen, R. (2013, June). Outcomes of participation in the REACH multifamily group program for veterans with PTSD and their families. American Psychological Association, 44(3), 127-134.  Grohol, J. (2009). What is exposure therapy? Psych Central. Retrieved on April 19, 2014, from therapy/0001640.  Post-traumatic stress disorder. (1980). Merriam- Webster Online. Retrieved April 19, 2014.  Post-traumatic stress disorder (easy-to-read). (2013). Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved April 27, 2014.