The Cold War Begins
Background: <ul><li>After WW II, the US and USSR emerged as rival superpowers. </li></ul><ul><li>Each nation was strong en...
Satellite Nations… <ul><li>Stalin never allowed truly free elections. </li></ul><ul><li>Instead, communist governments wer...
Containment Policy <ul><li>George Kennan, career Foreign Service Officer </li></ul><ul><li>Formulated the policy of “conta...
The Iron Curtain <ul><li>Winston Churchill coined this term </li></ul><ul><li>Famous speech on March 5, 1946 at Westminste...
 
Churchill’s Warning… <ul><li>Churchill felt that behind the Iron Curtain, the USSR was planning to attack and conquer West...
Division of Germany <ul><li>The Allies decided to divide Germany into 4 zones after the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, the c...
 
 
Problem with Berlin? <ul><li>Berlin was in the Soviet Sector. </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin was not happy with a “small piece” ...
Berlin Blockade <ul><li>June 1948, Stalin attempts to starve West Berliners into submission. </li></ul><ul><li>All rail an...
Berlin Airlift <ul><li>American and British planes flew food and supplies into Berlin for 327 days </li></ul><ul><ul><li>P...
 
The Marshall Plan <ul><li>J une 1947, U.S. plan to give direct aid to European nations </li></ul><ul><li>Rationale: fewer ...
The Berlin Wall <ul><li>1961 – skilled workers crossing in huge numbers to West Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>East German econo...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Cold war begins

2,221

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,221
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
177
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Cold war begins

  1. 1. The Cold War Begins
  2. 2. Background: <ul><li>After WW II, the US and USSR emerged as rival superpowers. </li></ul><ul><li>Each nation was strong enough to greatly influence world events. </li></ul>Stalin – Premier of USSR Harry Truman President of the USA
  3. 3. Satellite Nations… <ul><li>Stalin never allowed truly free elections. </li></ul><ul><li>Instead, communist governments were installed in many Eastern European nations. </li></ul><ul><li>Main Purpose? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect USSR from invasion from the West </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buffer Zone </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Containment Policy <ul><li>George Kennan, career Foreign Service Officer </li></ul><ul><li>Formulated the policy of “containment”: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US would not get rid of communism, but would not allow it to spread. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US would “contain” communism where it already existed. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Iron Curtain <ul><li>Winston Churchill coined this term </li></ul><ul><li>Famous speech on March 5, 1946 at Westminster College, in Fulton, Missouri </li></ul><ul><li>Click for video </li></ul>
  6. 7. Churchill’s Warning… <ul><li>Churchill felt that behind the Iron Curtain, the USSR was planning to attack and conquer Western Europe </li></ul><ul><li>The world is now polarized into democracy vs. communism </li></ul>
  7. 8. Division of Germany <ul><li>The Allies decided to divide Germany into 4 zones after the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, the capital of Berlin was divided into 4 sectors. </li></ul>
  8. 11. Problem with Berlin? <ul><li>Berlin was in the Soviet Sector. </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin was not happy with a “small piece” of democracy in Eastern Europe. </li></ul>
  9. 12. Berlin Blockade <ul><li>June 1948, Stalin attempts to starve West Berliners into submission. </li></ul><ul><li>All rail and street access was blocked. </li></ul>
  10. 13. Berlin Airlift <ul><li>American and British planes flew food and supplies into Berlin for 327 days </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planes took off every 3 minutes for 10 months </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stalin relents in May 1949 </li></ul><ul><li>Official start of Cold War </li></ul>
  11. 15. The Marshall Plan <ul><li>J une 1947, U.S. plan to give direct aid to European nations </li></ul><ul><li>Rationale: fewer poor nations = fewer communist nations </li></ul><ul><li>Canada contributed $706 million out of $12.5 billion over 5 years </li></ul><ul><li>Example of containmen t </li></ul>US Secretary of State George Marshall Labeling used on aid packages
  12. 16. The Berlin Wall <ul><li>1961 – skilled workers crossing in huge numbers to West Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>East German economy about to collapse </li></ul><ul><li>Berlin wall built – physical and symbolic barrier between East and West </li></ul><ul><li>Wall came down in 1989 – signalled end of Cold War </li></ul>Berlin wall in 1986 – death strip Officer Conrad Schumann defecting to West Berlin during the wall's early days in 1961.
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×