Canadian Battles in WWII


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Lesson on canadian battles in WWII to be used as prep for student sandbox recreation.

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  • -Nazis didn’t expect us to arrive in Normandy-Used empty tents and movie set props to trick German pilots into believing the invasion troops were collecting Dover-Built landing harbours in Britain that could be assembled in Normandy to allow for easier landing -Nazis were unable to delay the Allied attack by destroying or fortifying already existing harbours
  • Canadian Battles in WWII

    1. 1. Hong Kong Dec 8-25, 1941<br />Took place in the pacific theater<br />Canadians support the British colony - feared Japanese attack<br />Canada loaned 2<br />Undertrainedbattalions<br />(1,975 personal)<br />Canada believed there <br />would be plenty of time<br />to get its troops in Hong <br />Kong battle ready.<br />First time Canadians<br />see battle in WWII<br />
    2. 2. A quick and decisive victory for the Japanese. <br />The Canadian rookies were no match <br />for the Japanese<br />Canadians surrendered on <br />Christmas day, 1941 – “Black <br />Christmas”<br />
    3. 3. Hong Kong- Aftermath<br />3 years, 8 months of Japanese Imperial rule in Hong Kong<br />Japanese army terrorized local populations (murder, rape, looting)<br />1,689 Canadians became POWs.<br />1,405 survived the camps in <br />Hong Kong and Japan. <br />Liberated in August 1945 <br />when the Japanese surrender<br />
    4. 4. Dieppe August 19, 1942<br />Dieppe was a coastal French city that was being held by the Germans. <br />Significance:<br />A Canadian operation<br />Our first attempted landing on W. Europe since Dunkirk<br />900 Canadian soldiers were<br />killed, 2000 taken prisoner<br />Learned many lessons that<br /> would be put to use on<br />D-Day <br />
    5. 5. Intelligence—didn’t realize how <br />strong the German defenses were<br />Geography—the Allies attacked a <br />fortified beach without bombing<br />it first (artillery, barbed wire, <br />Land mines & tanks)<br />Bad planning---the Allies left<br /> too late and the Germans spotted<br /> them<br />
    6. 6. Dieppe- Lessons<br />Much stronger military forces needed to break through the lines.<br />Higher number of forces must be held in reserve for second attack<br />Aerial and naval <br />bombardment needed <br />before attack<br />These lessons were used<br />in the planning of the<br />D-Day invasion <br />
    7. 7. Italian Campaign 1943-44<br />Operations Overlord<br />91,000 fought: 30,000 were killed or wounded<br />25,264 Canadians – 5900 killed<br />
    8. 8. Italian Campaign <br />Allies met Nazi German soldiers, not Italian<br />Fought mostly in the streets of towns using <br />old abandoned buildings<br />Ortona – Canadian battle. House to house<br />fights (1 month)<br />By June 1944 (D-day) Allied armies entered<br />Rome <br />Soldiers called ‘D-Day Dodgers’<br />
    9. 9. D-Day-June 6th 1944<br />Over 100,000 soldiers (Brit / US / CAN) – over 15,000 Canadians<br />Fed the Germans false intelligence (Thought attack would be at <br />Calais – 200km south)<br />Nazis didn’t know how<br />largeour invasion was <br />or where it was coming<br />from<br />Built landing harbours <br />in Britain for faster <br />landing – not limited by <br />existing German ports<br />
    10. 10. D-Day-The Battle<br />Normandy beach - land mines, barbed<br />wire, heavy artillery batteries and <br />machine-gun nests. <br />Allies bomb coastal defences in the <br />months leading up to the attack <br />Crossed the English Channel <br />Juno Beach (Canada); Gold Beach (United Kingdom); Sword Beach (United Kingdom and France); and Utah Beach and Omaha Beach (United States). <br />Naval attack of ports, paratroopers landed before dawn on June 6th to engage the enemy<br />
    11. 11. The European Campaign:<br />The Liberation of Holland and Belgium 1944-45<br />Began by US and British troops in Sept 1944<br />Failure of an airborne assault on Arnhem prevented the <br />liberation of Holland for a time<br />Canadians cleared Antwerp by November<br />Mid-march more Canadian troops arrive to replace British in Italy<br />
    12. 12. When hostilities ceased the Canadians were responsible for the liberation of western Holland<br />Drove Germans out<br />Dutch has suffered harsh winter<br /> and little food and fuel<br />Canadians were welcomed <br />Enthusiastically by the Dutch<br />‘Canadian Summer’- created <br />lasting bond between Canadians <br />and Dutch<br />