Laundry and dry cleaning

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Laundry and dry cleaning

  1. 1. Laundry and Dry CleaningChapter 15Basic Laundry ProductsSeparating your laundryWashing, drying, ironingDry Cleaning
  2. 2. Basic Laundry Products Soap vs. Detergent Both remove soil Detergents prevent soil from returning to fabric
  3. 3. Bleach vs. Non-Chlorine Bleach Non-chlorine  Both maintain brightness of whites bleach  Non-chlorine bleach:  Maintains brightness of colours  Can’t restore dignity of fabric to white Chlorine Bleach • Restores whiteness • Can damageUse a dispenser or dilute bleach fibresbefore putting into a washing • Not colour safe!machine to prevent spots
  4. 4. Fabric Softener Liquid in final rinse or Sheet in dryer Reduces absorbency  So don’t use with towels, washcloths, diapers
  5. 5. Separating your Laundry Darks and Lights Whites can pick up colour, especially manufactured fibres Can become grey after repeated washings (or pink, or blue!) Darks/colours should be washed in cold water to maintain brightness Whites should be washed in warm or hot
  6. 6. Separate by Fabric Wools – cold water, short cycle Cotton and linen– long wash, hot water *Don’t wash terry or fuzzy sweats with Delicates silk, nylon,Permanent corduroy or lingerie, sheer and lacy,press fabrics – velveteen = loose knits – cold washwarm then cool pilling and lint and rinseto preventwrinkling You may have several stacks when you are finished Lights, Darks, Whites, Towels and sheets, Hand-wash or delicates
  7. 7. Washing Tips Check the pockets before washing  Lipstick, tissues, crayons, pens can create lint or stains! Three basic wash temperatures  Hot – for best clean, sanitizing, whites, can shrink some fabrics  Warm – many fabrics, especially durable press or manufactured fibres  Cold – for darks, lightly soiled, most economical, delicates
  8. 8. Drying TipsMachine Drying Tips Line Drying Tips Use appropriate heat  Shake out and smooth and time length wrinkles before Shake damp clothes hanging before drying  Place clothespins Don’t overload dryer where marks won’t Don’t overdry – show wastes energy and  Use plastic hangers increases wrinkles indoors where air can Fold or hang clothes circulate when still warm to reduce wrinkling
  9. 9. Select the temperature for the fabric Ironing Unsure? Start with a low temperature to avoid damage to fabric Iron on the wrong side, to avoid putting a shine on Steam only for higher temperatures Wait for steam to be hot enough, or water will spill onto garment
  10. 10. Dry Cleaning Uses solvents to clean garments Point out stains and their cause to professional Some trims and buttons can be damaged by the process Home dry-cleaning kits are available to freshen and deodorize lightly soiled garments between trips

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