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The Cold War Episode 1 Bernusi

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HISTORY S3 - IGCSE

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The Cold War Episode 1 Bernusi

  1. 1. Notes on the First Episode: Cold War ● The members of the Congress of the US represented the dead and the dying in a hidden shelter. ● The world above would only become a memory. ● 1945: Soviet Troops stormed the capital of Hitler’s Reich. ● Outside Berlin the Big-Three met to settle the Post-War order (Stalin, Truman, Churchill) ● Cold War (nuclear war): “ clash of ideologies” communists (Soviet Union) vs Capitalists (EEUU). ● Russia: famine and starvation ● 1929: Wall Street Crash ● Russia: Private things became collective (famine/murder of million of peasants) ● Regime of terror: People were not informed about what was going on and those who knew were afraid to talk. ● Stalin’s Soviet Union was revealed as a Police State and not as a worker’s paradise. However, many people (even some in America) still supported communism. ● Germany was rearming. Hitler wanted to dominate Europe and then the entire World. She would invade Czechoslovakia, but Chamberlain (British Prime Minister) went to Germany to appease him. ● 1939: Germany invaded Poland. Britain and France declared war to the aggressor. Germany and Russia had conspired against Poland and she was out of the map. ● Soviet Union: Invaded Finland and grabbed Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia. ● 1940/1941: Hitler conquered France, Belgium, Poland, Norway, Denmark, Yugoslavia and Greece. ● June 22nd 1941: Hitler invaded the USSR. This would bring Russian power into the heart of Europe 4 years later. ● September 1941: The US was attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan. She declared war on Japan. ● Hitler declared war on the USA. This made Russians and Americans allies. ● Stalin’s methods were discovered by Britain and America but they decided to ignore the evidence. ● 1943: The Big Three met at Tehran (Persia) and agreed to open a second front against Nazi Germany. ● Stalin had people spying Roosevelt’s conversations ● The allies had agree to make Eastern Europe communist. ● 1944: Biggest seaborne invasion in history: France ● The Red Forces (communists) wanted to invade Germany, Poland would confront them to make their country independent again. ● Poland vs Soviet Union: Poland ended up destroyed after 2 months. ● Churchill made a note dividing with percentages some countries between the USSR and Britain. ● 1945: The Big Three joined in Yalta to decide how to govern the defeated Germany. Stalin knew they had already won the war. Most important topic: Future of Eastern Europe. Stalin had soldiers everywhere. It was right before the ending of the war. ● “Declaration on liberated Europe”: rebuilt Europe in the basis of democracy.
  2. 2. ● Germany would be governed by the allies. Poland would have free and fair elections. ● 1945: Roosevelt dies. ● American troops were taking over German towns. ● Meeting of Russian and American soldiers. ● Final Soviet attack: Berlin. 27 million people died. They won. ● The Germans surrendered to the United Nations. ● 1945: Potsdam Conference: A bad-tempered conference. The allies would not agree on a peace treaty, Roosevelt had died and Churchill had lost the elections. ● America successfully tested the first atomic bomb. President Truman decided that he would tell Stalin about the powerful weapon but would not identify it as a nuclear one. ● 1st nuclear bomb exploded in Hiroshima, Japan. ● 3 days after a second one was thrown in Nagasaki. EXIT TICKET ● 3 things I have learnt: ​I did not know much about Stalin and the Soviet Union, I learnt about that and about communism. Also, I understood why Japan declared war on the US as you explained it in Handing. Also, it helped me made myself a better idea of how the situation was like in those moments as seeing a video is much por vivid than reading things from the book. ● 2 things I found interesting:​ I found very interesting the use of the nuclear bombs, Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Also, I am generally interested in the Cold War. As it was a war that started mainly because of the difference between capitalists and communists, I found interesting listening about the two different views that existed. ● One question I still have: ​What was happening with Poland? That is something I could not completely finish understanding.

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