Cold War

8,849 views

Published on

Published in: Entertainment & Humor
1 Comment
10 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Greg,
    Nice job.
    Do you mind if I use some of your slides for my Cold War powerpoint/screencast for my students? - Mike Cruz W.I.H.S. - Detroit.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total views
8,849
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2,003
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
511
Comments
1
Likes
10
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Cold War

  1. 1. A Divided Europe: The Cold War
  2. 2. A Divided Europe: The Cold War Do Now: Analyze the cartoon to the left. 1. What has changed between the Western Powers and the East after VE Day? 2. Why do you think this change has taken place? Do Now: Analyze the cartoon to the left. 1. What has changed between the Western Powers and the East after VE Day? 2. Why do you think this change has taken place?
  3. 3. COLD WAR 1945-1991
  4. 4. Germany Divided British French American Soviet •Germany’s armed forces were disbanded and the Nazi party was outlawed •In Western Germany, Allies helped set up political parties and assisted Germans in writing a federal Constitution. •In 1949, West Germany regained self-government and named itself the Federal Republic of Germany
  5. 5. East and WestEast and West Germany formedGermany formed West Germany East Germany West Berlin East Berlin • The city of Berlin was also divided even though it was located in Soviet occupied territory. • West Germany was democratic with free elections and eventual self-rule, and industrial growth was encouraged. • East Germany was Communist under Soviet control. Its factories were dismantled and the resources used to rebuild the Soviet Union.
  6. 6. “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an ________________- has descended across the Continent. Winston Churchill – March 5, 1946 “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an ________________- has descended across the Continent. Winston Churchill – March 5, 1946 iron curtain
  7. 7. Peep under the Iron curtain March 6, 1946 • Who is “Joe”? • What part of Europe is sealed off? • What does the wall symbolize?
  8. 8. Democracy in JapanDemocracy in Japan •A new Japanese Constitution was drafted creating a Constitutional Monarchy that limited the power of the Emperor •Japanese accepted this constitution and signed a treaty that took away Japan’s overseas empire •In 1952, the Allied occupation officially ended •A new Japanese Constitution was drafted creating a Constitutional Monarchy that limited the power of the Emperor •Japanese accepted this constitution and signed a treaty that took away Japan’s overseas empire •In 1952, the Allied occupation officially ended •Japan’s armed forces were disbanded •The American occupiers had the goal to end militarism and ensure a democratic government •Japan’s armed forces were disbanded •The American occupiers had the goal to end militarism and ensure a democratic government
  9. 9. Possible Plan to Split Japan American Sphere of Influence
  10. 10. 10 The Soviet Bloc: Satellite Nations… The Soviet Bloc: Satellite Nations… • Stalin never allowed truly free elections. • Instead, communist governments were installed in many Eastern European nations. • Led to a mistrust between the United States and the Soviet Union. Main Purpose? Protect USSR from invasion from the West
  11. 11. What is a Cold War? USA USSR A State of Diplomatic hostility among nations without______________________Direct armed conflict
  12. 12. How did the Cold War Start? A. The U.S. and the U.S.S.R. both emerge as _____________ after WWII B. Each Nation had _______________ – saw other as a dangerous threat Super Powers Different ideologies Democracy Capitalism Equality of Opportunity Constitutional Freedoms Totalitarian Communism Classless Society No Private Property
  13. 13. How do you Fight a Cold A.Need a ____________________________ – Arms, technology, influence B.Use of __________________________________ C.Send ______________ to weaker nations to spread influence and gain allies D.Support with ___________ nations in conflicts to protect interests or agitate other side Threat of Direct armed conflict Propaganda- created hatred and paranoia of the other side Economic aid Military aid
  14. 14. 14 Problem with Berlin? • Berlin was in the Soviet Sector. • Stalin was not happy with a “small piece” of democracy in Eastern Europe. – What did he do? • Berlin was in the Soviet Sector. • Stalin was not happy with a “small piece” of democracy in Eastern Europe. – What did he do?
  15. 15. 15 _____________________ ___ • June 1948, Stalin attempts to starve West Berliners into submission. • All rail and street access was blocked. Berlin Blockade
  16. 16. 16 _____________________ • American and British planes flew food and supplies into Berlin for 327 days. • Stalin lifted the Blockade by May 1949. Berlin Airlift
  17. 17. 17 Berlin Airlift
  18. 18. 18 Operation “Little Vittles” • During the Berlin Airlift a group of pilots decided to help boost the spirits of the German children. • They organized a mission to drop candy to the children using parachutes made of handkerchiefs.
  19. 19. 1947 -The Marshall Plan1947 -The Marshall Plan What was it? •The goal was to promote economic and political stability in post WWII world •Provided food, machines, and other materials •The goal was to promote economic and political stability in post WWII world •Provided food, machines, and other materials A U.S. program of economic aid to European countries to help them rebuild after WWII.
  20. 20. Why would the USSR oppose such a plan? •Stalin saw the plan as a threat •Marshall Plan aid would largely be used by the Europeans to buy U.S. manufactured goods and raw materials •Communist influence on Western Europe would be reduced •Stalin saw the plan as a threat •Marshall Plan aid would largely be used by the Europeans to buy U.S. manufactured goods and raw materials •Communist influence on Western Europe would be reduced The Marshall PlanThe Marshall Plan
  21. 21. Which country received the most aid from the United States? Why would Great Britain and France receive the most aid? Is the U.S. acting out of self interest? Why? The Marshall PlanThe Marshall Plan
  22. 22. Evaluate the two photos. What significant changes have occurred in the second photo? The Marshall PlanThe Marshall Plan
  23. 23. •A promise made by U.S. President Truman to provide military and economic support to all countries that rejected communism •This policy of stopping any further spread of communism became known as the ______________________ •A promise made by U.S. President Truman to provide military and economic support to all countries that rejected communism •This policy of stopping any further spread of communism became known as the ______________________ 1947 - The Truman Doctrine1947 - The Truman Doctrine Policy of containment
  24. 24. 1947 - The Truman Doctrine1947 - The Truman Doctrine 1. In what way would the continuation of chaos in Western Europe be beneficial to the Soviet Union? 2. What country does the cartoonist see as the savior of Western Europe?
  25. 25. What is the idea of a domino theory? The domino theory was a 20th Century foreign policy theory that speculated if one land in a region came under the influence of Communists, then more would follow in a domino effect.
  26. 26. 1949 – Major Domino falls – Chinese communists take control of China 1949 – Major Domino falls – Chinese communists take control of China 1949 - USSR explodes an atomic bomb
  27. 27. 1949 - NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization – Western Nations join in a military alliance to defend against Communist threats. North Atlantic Treaty Organization – Western Nations join in a military alliance to defend against Communist threats. 1955 – Warsaw Pact USSR and Eastern Bloc Nations join in a military alliance to counter NATO. USSR and Eastern Bloc Nations join in a military alliance to counter NATO. United States, Great Britain, France, Italy, Canada, Belgium, Denmark, Iceland, Portugal, West Germany, Greece, Turkey United States, Great Britain, France, Italy, Canada, Belgium, Denmark, Iceland, Portugal, West Germany, Greece, Turkey Soviet Union, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, East Germany, Bulgaria, Albania Soviet Union, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, East Germany, Bulgaria, Albania
  28. 28. 28 Change in Leaders The early 1950s saw a change in leaders in both the US and USSR. American President Dwight Eisenhower wins the election of 1952
  29. 29. 29 Change in Leaders USSR: Nikita Khruschev takes over when Stalin dies in 1953. “Whether you like it or not, history is on our side. We will bury you!”
  30. 30. 30 Hydrogen Bomb • US exploded the 1st H-bomb on November 1, 1952 in South Pacific. • Russians exploded on in August of 1953. • US exploded the 1st H-bomb on November 1, 1952 in South Pacific. • Russians exploded on in August of 1953.
  31. 31. 31 Hydrogen Bomb • Led to MAD – Mutually Assured Destruction – Military theory of nuclear deterrence holding that neither side will attack the other if both sides are guaranteed to be totally destroyed in the conflict. • Led to MAD – Mutually Assured Destruction – Military theory of nuclear deterrence holding that neither side will attack the other if both sides are guaranteed to be totally destroyed in the conflict.
  32. 32. THE BERLIN WALL Film Clip 1961: Soviets wanted to keep Germans from moving out of1961: Soviets wanted to keep Germans from moving out of East GermanyEast Germany into West Berlin, where they could become freeinto West Berlin, where they could become free 1961: Soviets wanted to keep Germans from moving out of1961: Soviets wanted to keep Germans from moving out of East GermanyEast Germany into West Berlin, where they could become freeinto West Berlin, where they could become free
  33. 33. Berlin Wall BuiltBerlin Wall Built Berlin Wall became the symbol ofBerlin Wall became the symbol of Communist oppression around the worldCommunist oppression around the world Berlin Wall became the symbol ofBerlin Wall became the symbol of Communist oppression around the worldCommunist oppression around the world
  34. 34. THE BERLIN WALL Film Clip
  35. 35. Brinkmanship Defined as willingness to push the nation to the “brink” of nuclear war and not appease the enemy. However, you will pull back at the last possible moment to avoid war! Defined as willingness to push the nation to the “brink” of nuclear war and not appease the enemy. However, you will pull back at the last possible moment to avoid war!
  36. 36. “Grandpa!” I shouted. “Be careful! Oh gee! Who’s going to drop it? Will you…? Or will he...?” “Be patient,” said Grandpa. “We’ll see. We will see...” “Grandpa!” I shouted. “Be careful! Oh gee! Who’s going to drop it? Will you…? Or will he...?” “Be patient,” said Grandpa. “We’ll see. We will see...” Film Clip
  37. 37. 37Russians – By Sting

×