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  • 1. Openness and the Disaggregated Future of Education David Wiley, PhD Department of Instructional Psychology & Technology Brigham Young University
  • 2. This Is Your 11:20 Wake-up Call Your institution will be irrelevant by 2020
  • 3.  
  • 4.  
  • 5. “ The World is Changed” Galadriel, Lord of the Rings
  • 6. It’s Actually Worse (or Better) The World is Changing
  • 7. Analog  Digital Music, Phones, TV, Newspapers, Movies, Journals, Communications, Intelligence, Defense
  • 8. Tethered  Mobile Phones, Internet Access, Employment
  • 9. Isolated  Connected People, Content, Systems
  • 10. Generic  Personal Cars, Computers, Mobile Phones
  • 11. Consuming  Creating Radio / Podcasting, Newspapers / Blogs Movies / Vodcasting
  • 12. Closed  Open Software (OSs, Applications), Data (Weather, GIS), Content (Blogs, Wikis)
  • 13. Then vs Now Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consumption  Creating Closed  Open
  • 14. Education vs Everyday Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consumption  Creating Closed  Open
  • 15. “ Daily Divide” Is a Huge Threat And the wider the disconnect, the bigger the threat to higher education
  • 16. But Wait! We’re Education! Our historic monopoly is (gratefully) being challenged on almost every front
  • 17. Why Do Students Come? Content, Support Services Social Life, Degrees
  • 18. Content OpenCourseWares, Wikipedia, Public Library of Science, Arxiv.org, Google Scholar, Flat World Knowledge, etc.
  • 19. Support Services ChaCha, Yahoo! Answers, RateMyProfessor, Email, Instant Messaging, Twitter, etc.
  • 20. Social Life Facebook, MySpace, MMOG, iPhone location-aware apps, etc.
  • 21. Degrees MCSE, RHCE, CCNA
  • 22. The Monopoly Is Being Busted Everything we provide is now offered by someone else
  • 23. When Institutions Specialize They usually provide better quality at a better price
  • 24. Higher Ed, On the Other Hand 76% increase in cost over 10 years How’s our quality?
  • 25.  
  • 26. Industries Failing Everywhere Banks, Insurance, Automobiles Higher Education?
  • 27. A Bail Out for Higher Ed? Utah 4% cut, Pennsylvania 5 % cut, Massachusetts 5 % cut, Virginia 7 % cut
  • 28. No Monopoly and No Bail Out How can we innovate to stay relevant?
  • 29. What About E-learning?
  • 30. What About E-learning? Quite innovative in 1995!
  • 31. Characteristics of E-learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consuming or Creating Closed or Open
  • 32. We’ve Only Changed the Channel Our pedagogy and philosophy are as just as they’ve always been
  • 33. The Polo Parable A story about our move to online teaching and learning
  • 34. Photo by e.dward
  • 35. Photo by Christopher Henning
  • 36. We’re Swimming on Horseback And rather proud of ourselves, I must say
  • 37. Online is a Different Place The goals of teaching are the same, but the culture and rules in that space are only sort of the same
  • 38.  
  • 39. We’re Celebrating the Mass in Latin And our students are expecting charismatic worship with guitars, drums, and “Amen!”s
  • 40. It’s About Respect Its about valuing culture and designing for it just as we would if teaching in Bangalore, Beijing, or Barcelona
  • 41. Some Say Learning Has Changed Digital natives or millennials have brains that function differently
  • 42. It’s About ATIs In the “aptitude by treatment interaction” literature, the only individual difference that matters is prior knowledge
  • 43. Openness is the Cornerstone Openness underpins everything interesting happening online and is “what they know”
  • 44. Why Make Such a Claim? Let’s ask Alexa what the 50 most popular sites on the web are…
  • 45. Sites Where Anyone Can: Share a video, share a photo, share a blog post, share their personal info, share their ratings, share their files, share their expertise
  • 46. Characteristics of E-learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consumption or Creating Closed or Open
  • 47. Connecting You can’t connect to something if you don’t have access to it
  • 48. Personalizing You can’t adapt or localize something if you don’t have the rights to modify it
  • 49. Creating You won’t be creative if there’s no outlet for your work
  • 50. How Might We Open Things? Higher Ed needs to figure this out
  • 51.  
  • 52.  
  • 53. Materials Intended for Teachers Teachers only account for 15% of users
  • 54. Lecture Notes Courses Around $15k per course
  • 55. Video-based Courses Around $30k per course
  • 56. “ Open 1.0” Hundreds of universities around the globe sharing over 6,000 courses (Will you show up on Google?)
  • 57. Surely There Are Other Ways? Sharing some experiments
  • 58. Connecting and Openness Sharing some experiments
  • 59.  
  • 60.  
  • 61. Personalizing and Openness Sharing some experiments
  • 62.  
  • 63. Creating and Openness Sharing some experiments
  • 64.  
  • 65.  
  • 66. Being Even More Open Sharing some experiments
  • 67.  
  • 68.  
  • 69. Character Classes
    • Bard (Master of the lore, history, and politics of the field, know what's “out there”)
    • Artisan (Has materials production skills in all the necessary Web 1.0 and 2.0 tools like HTML, video sharing, podcasting)
    • Monk (Master of copyright and licensing arcana and defender of the university brand)
    • Merchant (Deals with short- and long-term sustainability issues)
  • 70. Education Will Eventually Be Open And involve connecting, personalizing, and creating - just like everything else does
  • 71. Will Higher Education Be Open? Can your school find the institutional will to change?
  • 72. Institutional Disaggregation MIT OpenCourseWare, Western Governors University
  • 73. Value of Integration? As compared to “specialized pieces loosely joined”
  • 74. Not a Technology Problem Look around the Internet – not only do the technologies we need exist, they’re open source
  • 75. This Is a Policy Problem Higher education is behaving like the recording and movie industries
  • 76. Policy To Defend Tradition Rather than innovating
  • 77. You Must Engage in Policy Reform Ignoring the growing problem is not a strategy
  • 78. “ It is not necessary to change. Survival is not mandatory.” W. E. Deming
  • 79.  
  • 80. “ You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete.” Buckminster Fuller
  • 81. Student Learning May Suffer The market will likely meet students’ increasingly unmet needs
  • 82. Your Employment Will Suffer When your institution collapses as Googlers find better alternatives
  • 83. “ The last temptation is the greatest treason, To do the right deed for the wrong reason.” Archbishop Thomas Beckett (T. S. Eliot)
  • 84. Innovate for the Students To fulfill your sacred trust as a teacher
  • 85. Thank You! [email_address] http://davidwiley.org/