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American Revolution - Battles and Treaty of Paris

American Revolution - Battles and Treaty of Paris

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Revolution slide show Revolution slide show Presentation Transcript

  •  
  • Description: Stamp Act protest by William Bradford “… whether any methods can be found to elude the chains forged for us…”
  • First Continental Congress
    • When: September 1774
    • Where: Independence Hall – Philadelphia
    • Why: Because of the Intolerable Acts and Boston is grounded.
    • Who: John Adams, Sam Adams, Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson
    • What Happens: 1. Ban all trade with England 2. Train Our Militia (volunteer army)
    View slide
  • First Continental Congress View slide
  • Colonists began forming their own militia to resist the British.
  • Life as a soldier
    • Disease was common.
    • The soldiers often slept under the stars, but might not have a blanket.
    • Food was frequently scarce.
    • Soldiers went hungry for days at a time before finding turnips, nuts, or other items to eat.
    • It is a wonder that the American side won the war at all.
  • Britain
    • British General Thomas Gage is put in control of Boston – with many British Soldiers.
  • Gage
    • Gage hears that the Patriots have an arsenal (garage for weapons) in Concord and Lexington.
    • In secret, Gage and 800 troops march to Lexington to seize (take) the weapons.
    • Patriots find out that the British are on the way – and messangers to warn them are dispatched.
  • Paul Revere’s & Robert Dawes Midnight Ride warning the minutemen in Lexington and Concord that the British were on their way.
  • Lexington
    • The Patriots are prepared. The minute men gather to meet the British Troops.
    • Outnumbered General Parker (Patriot) only wanted his men to show the British that we were serious.
    • Shots are fired and 8 patriots are killed.
  •  
  •  
  •  
    • April 19, 1775
    • Battle of Lexington & Concord
    • Massachusetts
      • The Beginning of the War
    Shot heard around the world!
  •  
  • Lexington
    • When: April 17, 1775
    • Where: Lexington, Massachusetts (about 12 miles outside of Boston).
    • Why: Patriots met the British in Lexington Green because Gen. Gage was looking for weapons.
    • Who: Minute Men v. Redcoats What: Gunfire occurs – 8 Patriots die
  • Concord
    • After Lexington, Redcoats head for Concord.
    • British soldiers began searching homes, and some were set on fire.
    • Minutemen made their way to North Bridge in Concord and met the Redcoats there.
  •  
  • Concord
    • 2 shots are fired and the Major John Buttrick, leader of the local Concord militia, implored his men to retaliate, shouting “Fire, fellow soldiers, for God’s sake, fire!”
    • This was the first time American militia had fired on the British army.
    • When: April 17, 1775
    • Where: Concord, Massachusetts
    • Why: Patriots meet the Redcoats at North Bridge. Redcoats looking for weapons.
    • Who: Patriots V. Redcoats (England)
    • What: First Shots that the Patriots have returned; Redcoats are sent back to Boston.
    CONCORD
  • Concord
  •  
  • April 1775 July 1775 July 4, 1776 1777 October 1781 1783
    • The Beginning of the War
    • “ The Shot heard round the World”
    Olive Branch Petition Declaration of Independence Battle of Lexington & Concord Battle of Yorktown Battle of Saratoga Treaty of Paris . May 1775 Second Continental Congress
  • MAY 1775 Second Continental Congress Meeting in Philadelphia. Colonial Representatives formed the Continental Army. George Washington was named general of the Continental Army.
  • Second Continental Congress
    • When: May 1776
    • Where: Independence Hall, Philadelphia
    • Why: Lexington & Concord
    • Who: Thomas Jefferson, Sam Adams, John Adams, James Madison. No George Washington – getting ready for war.
    • What: Vote to declare independence and vote to create Continental Army, Appoint George Washington Leader.
  • April 1775 July 1775 July 4, 1776 1777 October 1781 1783 Olive Branch Petition Declaration of Independence Battle of Lexington & Concord Battle of Yorktown Battle of Saratoga Treaty of Paris . May 1775 Second Continental Congress
    • Philadelphia
    • Colonial representatives formed the Continental Army with George Washington as the 1 st General.
  • July 1775 Olive Branch Petition
    • Colonists try to avoid war and send a last ditch effort for peace.
    • They send the “Olive Branch Petition” to King George III.
    • He refused.
  • Paine wrote Common Sense , a 79-page pamphlet in which he offered “nothing more than simple facts, plain arguments, and common sense" on the idea of American independence from England. He began… "We have it in our power to begin the world anew...American shall make a stand, not for herself alone, but for the world,"
  •  
  • Common Sense by T.Paine
    • When: 1776
    • Where: Published anonymously in newspapers
    • Why: To Support Independence
    • Who: Thomas Paine
    • What: T. Paine wanted the colonists to know that breaking up with England was okay and that the colonies could do it!
  • July 4, 1776 Declaration of Independence
    • This document was written by Thomas Jefferson
    • Considered treason against England.
    • Punishable by death.
  • Declaration of Independence
    • When: 1776 at Continental Congress
    • Where: Philadelphia
    • Why: Breaking up with England
    • Who: Patriots – Thomas Jefferson main author.
    • What: Colonist list grievances (complaints) against England.
  •  
  •  
  • April 1775 July 1775 July 4, 1776 1777 October 1781 1783 Olive Branch Petition Declaration of Independence Battle of Lexington & Concord Battle of Yorktown Battle of Saratoga Treaty of Paris . May 1775 Second Continental Congress
    • Philadelphia
    • Colonial representatives formed the Continental Army with George Washington as the 1 st General.
  • The new American flag
  • England’s Army Continental Army (Colonists)
    • Powerful
    • Excellent Navy
    • Large, well-trained army
    • Lacked weapons
    • Lacked discipline
    • Lacked supplies
    • Small, un-trained.
    Strengths Weaknesses
    • Crossed ocean to war with colonists.
    • Didn’t know land.
    • Strong commitment to the war.
    • Knew land the land.
    • Good leadership
    • Foreign allies (France)
  • 1777 Battle of Saratoga New York
    • It was the turning point in the war.
    • The Colonists swarmed around British General Burgoyne’s army for a triumphant victory at Saratoga.
    • After Burgoyne’s surrender, Spain & France decided to support the colonies and send funds, supplies and troops.
  • Battle of Saratoga
    • When: 1777
    • Where: Saratoga, New York
    • Why: At war with England
    • Who: Patriots v. Redcoats.
    • What: Turning point in the war! Patriots win and France decides to help America!
  • Winter at Valley Forge We had nothing to eat for two or three days previous… But we must now have what Congress said a lavish Thanksgiving. It gave everyman a few ounces of rice and a tablespoon of vinegar. The army was now not only starved but nearly naked.
  • 1781 Battle of Yorktown Virginia
    • British General Cornwallis settled his troops in Yorktown.
    • Colonists & France surrounded and attacked British troops.
    • General Cornwallis surrendered.
    • ENGLAND SURRENDERS TO COLONIES!!!
    Ended the War!
  • Yorktown
    • When: 1781
    • Where: Yorktown,
    • Why: War with Britain/England over Independence
    • Who: Patriots (George Washington) v. Britain (General Cornwallis).
    • What: Britain looses and surrenders because France is in the harbor and Washington is in Yorktown! American WINS!
  •  
  • 1783 Treaty of Paris France
    • Formal end to war
    • Effects
    • US is independent.
    • Outlined US boundaries. (Canada, Florida and Mississippi River
    • US gets fishing rights.
    • Both sides repay debts.
    • Return captured items.
  •  
  • Treaty of Paris
    • When: 1783
    • Where: Paris, France
    • Why: To end the war.
    • Who: Patriots & Britain
    • What: Formally ended the war and recognized America as it’s own country.
  • April 1775 July 1775 July 4, 1776 1777 October 1781 1783 Olive Branch Petition Declaration of Independence Battle of Lexington & Concord Battle of Yorktown Battle of Saratoga Treaty of Paris May 1775 Second Continental Congress
  • How did Colonists Win?
    • Better Leadership
    • Foreign Aid
    • Knew the land
    • Motivation
    Great General Washington