Alabama High School Graduation (Social Studies) Ch.2 The Revolutionary War and the War of 1812
Monday, January 11, 2010Agree Disagree 1. The Navigation Agree Disagree____ ____ Act allowed the ____ ____ colonies to ship their goods with any country. ___ ____ 2. The Sugar Act ____ _____ placed a tax on molasses.
AHSGE Chapter 2: The Revolutionary War and the War of 1812Colonialism and Restricted Trade•Colonialism - Economic system where thecolonies supply England with raw materialsand sell the finished products back to thecolonies.AMERICAN COLONIES ENGLAND AMERICAN COLONIES
Monopoly – a market in which there is only one supplier. Navigation Act (1651) - required that only English ships carry goods to and from the colonies.
Restricted Rights George III – King of England who tried to gain more control over colonial trade. Writs of Assistance – search warrants that gave customs officials the right to search anywhere for illegal goods. Illegal good – goods that had been bought or sold without being taxed.
French and Indian War (Seven Years War) War between Great Britain and France over control of North America. Great Britain (England) won. Ended with the Treaty Paris 1763 which gave England all lands in North America.
Turn to page 25 in your AHSGE book. Read the 2nd paragraph and describe the terms of the Proclamation of 1763.
Proclamation of 1763 – Colonists were not allowed to move west of the Appalachian Mountains so asto not upset the Native Americans.
Taxation without Representation Colonists were not allowed to have representatives in the British Parliament so each tax became law without their consent. Sugar Act – Tax on molasses and was strictly enforced. Stamp Act – created a tax onall paper items, legal documents,playing cards, etc. First taxplaced directly on the colonists.
Sons of Liberty – secret group of colonists who came together to organize a boycott of British goods. Boycott – refusal to buy goods. Daughters of Liberty – colonial women who weaved their own cloth so they would not have to buy it from Britain.
The Townshend Acts – Tax on glass, paper, lead and tea. British soldiers could also search any home, building or ship with the authority of writs of assistance.
Other Events Leading to Colonial Separation Crispus Attucks – a free black sailor who was active in the Sons of Liberty. Killed during the Boston Massacre.Boston Massacre –Incident in Boston, MAwhere British soldiersfired on a crowd andkilled five colonists.
Boston Tea Party – Members of Sons of Liberty who dressed as Native Americans and dumped tea into the Boston Harbor.
Patriots – colonists who wanted independence from Britain. Intolerable Acts – Shut down Boston Harbor, limited town meetings to one per year, forced colonists to house British soldiers, British officers would be tried in England. Called Coercive Acts by Parliament. First Continental Congress (1774) – agreed to boycott all British goods and to stop exporting goods to England until acts repealed.
The Revolutionary War Begins Patrick Henry – “Give me liberty or give me death” ( would rather be dead than stay under British rule) ; speech helped convince colonial leaders to fight for independence. Minutemen- volunteer soldiers who were ready to fight at a moment’s notice. Paul Revere –rode on horsebackwarning colonists “The Britishare coming!” before the conflict at Lexington and Concord.
Second Continental Congress – Held to discuss what to do about the war effort. Battle of Bunker Hill – moral victory for colonists. British had huge number of casualties. Patriots lost because they were out of ammunition.
George Washington – commander of the Continental Army. Prohibitory Act – King George III’s statement that colonies were in a state of rebellion and considered traitors to England.
Declaration of Independence Declaration of Independence – Justified reasons for colonial independence from Great Britain. Foundation – basis for the new American government that guaranteed life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
Principles – All men are created equal All people are guaranteed their unalienable rights (rights given at birth) Government exists only by the consent of the governed. Government must be change if it becomes unjust (unfair). Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence and it was signed on July 4, 1776.
Major Battles of the Revolutionary War Battles of Lexington and Concord – 1st battle of the Revolutionary War. Battle of Bunker Hill – see previous notes. Battle of Saratoga – Turning point in the war. After this victory, the French decided to send troops to help the colonists.
Valley Forge – Low point for the Continental Army. Hard winter where thousands died of starvation and exposure. Yorktown – Last battle of the Revolutionary War. Cornwallis surrendered.
Treaty of Paris Treaty of Paris 1783 – Britain recognized the independence of the United States and its borders. U.S. now owns all land to the Mississippi River.
The War of 1812Reasons why the U.S. and England go back to war again…Impressment – the act of taking sailors from United States shops and forcing them to serve in the British or French Navy.
Embargo – prohibiting entry or departure of ships. “War Hawks” – Congressmen from the South and the West who supported war with Britain. James Madison – President during the War of 1812.
Important Battles of the War of 1812 Battle of Horseshoe Bend (fought in Alabama) – Andrew Jackson defeated the Creeks with the help of the Cherokee. Creeks had to give up much of their land to the U.S. Battle of Fort McHenry – Battle where Francis Scott Key wrote “The Star Spangled Banner” (National Anthem).
Treaty of Ghent – ended the War of 1812. Borders of U.S. stayed the same. Nothing changed. Battle of New Orleans – Battle fought after the treaty was signed. Decisive victory over British troops. Made Andrew Jackson a hero.
Consequences of the War Nationalism – Feelings of extreme pride and devotion for one’s country. Nationalism grew in the U.S.