American revolution ppt


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American revolution ppt

  1. 1. The American War for Independence (1776-1783) “These are the times that try men’s souls” -Thomas Paine, 1780
  2. 2. War : European Tactics (1700s)  Great Britain -“rules” of “gentlemanly” warfare  No attacking at night,  No sneak attacks  Mercenaries were common  Soldiers lowly regarded British “Redcoats” in British society
  3. 3. War: American Tactics (1700s) Colonial warfare based on style of Natives American militia “Skulking” style of war included sneak attacks, adjustments Hid behind walls, no uniforms, ambushed enemies Local militias
  4. 4. Colonial SoldierBritish “Redcoat”
  5. 5. Continental army  Created by George Washington  Fought alongside various state militias  Provided Washington with better idea of soldiers’ capabilities and length of service (1 year)  Washington’s greatest Infantry training accomplishment of the war
  6. 6. 1 Leaders of the Revolution 2 3 5 6 4
  7. 7. Revolutionary Leaders1- George Washington- leader of Continental Army2- William Howe- head of British army in 17763- John Burgoyne- defeated at Saratoga4- Lord Cornwallis- surrendered British army at Yorktown5- Benedict Arnold- switched from American to British after Saratoga6- Nathaneal Greene- RI native, Washington’s top field general
  8. 8. Opening Moves ! Britis hto s e ize NY 1776: Howe ’s troops drive Wa s hington out of NY Wa s hington a nd troops a ga in drive n from Ma nha tta n to White P la ins NY be come s the Britis h he a dqua rte rs for the wa r!!
  9. 9. Opening Moves Cont…Philly where the British begin to move onto Continental Congress was meeting! Washington’s troops get word of this… THREE BATTLES>>>>>1. Battle of TRENTON2. Saratoga3. Yorktown
  10. 10. 1. Battle of Trenton December, 1776: Washington plans surprise attack of Hessian camp at Trenton, NJ. December 25: Washington attacks on Christmas night, kills/captures 1,000 men 3 days later: defeat of British at Princeton, NJ forces British to return to NY for winter
  11. 11. Results of Battle of Trenton  Soldiers encouraged to re-enlist  Morale of army shot up  Washington showcased leadership skills  2nd Guessing: Why didWashington crossing the Delaware River on his way to Trenton Howe not deal “knock- out” blow in NY?
  12. 12. 2. Saratoga: France Enters 1777- British capture Philadelphia, Continental Congress escapes Valley Forge- winter of 1777- 78: nearly 2,500 American soldiers die from cold, food shortages October 1777- Gen. Burgoyne’s troops captured outside Saratoga, NY Result: France enters war Marquis de Lafayette
  13. 13. 3. Yorktown, 1781: War in the South  1778- British turn to South  Savannah, GA and Charlestown, SC fell to British  Battle of KingsLord Cornwallis at Yorktown, Mountain- victory for VA Patriots!!!  British surrender at Yorktown (1781)
  14. 14. Treaty of Paris (1783) British recognized USA as a new nation!!!! Mississippi River is western border (open to British use) Florida given back to Spain!! France received colonies in Africa and Caribbean
  15. 15. Other Contributors to Revolution  Women- cooking, nursing of soldiers, taking control of family business, spies  African-Americans- British/Americans offered freedom in exchange for military service (5,000 for “Molly Pitcher” helping colonial soldiers America)  Loyalists- remained loyal to Britain, in some cases fled or lost land
  16. 16. Effects of Revolution  New political ideas (republic)  New state constitutions (guarantee of rights)  Voting rights expandFirst flag of the United (social class) States  Freedom of religion  Educational changes  American painters
  17. 17. Why did Britain lose the war??? Atlantic Ocean Tried to occupy a whole continent American perseverance, fighting spirit George Washington, other generals HMMMM… French aid War unpopular in Britain