Battles in boston common sense


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Battles in boston common sense

  1. 1. Patrick Henry
  2. 2. Warm Up <ul><li>What is your definition of liberty? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the price of liberty? </li></ul><ul><li>What would you give up to have liberty? </li></ul>
  3. 3. American Revolution <ul><li>Fought between Great Britain and the 13 American Colonies </li></ul><ul><li>British Army vs. Continental Army </li></ul><ul><li>Colonies are fighting to win independence from Britain </li></ul>
  4. 4. People in the Colonies <ul><li>The Colonies were split in their opinion about revolution </li></ul><ul><li>People who supported the Revolution were called Patriots </li></ul><ul><li>People who supported Great Britain and King George were called Loyalists or Tories </li></ul><ul><li>People who were unsure of what side to support were called Neutrals </li></ul>
  5. 5. British Army <ul><li>Largest and most powerful army in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers enlisted or joined as a career and were well trained </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers were known as Redcoats </li></ul><ul><li>Lead by experienced generals such as Thomas Gage, William Howe, John Burgoyne, and Charles Cornwallis </li></ul>
  6. 6. Redcoats <ul><li>They are British soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>They wore red coated uniforms. </li></ul><ul><li>Their red coats made them easier to see and shoot at. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Continental Army <ul><li>Small army without many supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers were farmers, fishermen, and businessmen </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers were known as Minutemen </li></ul><ul><li>Lead by generals with little to no experience, such as George Washington, Henry Knox, Nathanael Greene, Horatio Gates, and Benedict Arnold </li></ul>
  8. 8. Minutemen <ul><li>Members of the Militia. </li></ul><ul><li>Not professional soldiers. </li></ul><ul><li>They get their name from their ability to get ready for battle in under a minute. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Militia <ul><li>A small army of volunteer soldiers that represent a single colony </li></ul><ul><li>The Continental Army was made up of Militias </li></ul>
  10. 10. Continental Congress <ul><li>A gathering of colonial leaders in Philadelphia to discuss the relationship between Britain and the colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>Met 1 st in 1774, and a 2 nd time in1775 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Warm Up <ul><li>What were some strengths and weaknesses of the British and Continental Armies at the start of the Revolution? </li></ul><ul><li>Start a T-Chart to record your answers. </li></ul><ul><li>Use bullet points. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Advantages <ul><li>British Army- at the start of the war they had more soldiers, more resources, and more experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Continental Army- at the start of the war they knew the land they were fighting on, and were fighting for a cause they believed in. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Warm Up <ul><li>Copy the information in the T Chart on the board into your notes. </li></ul><ul><li>“ A long habit of not thinking a thing wrong, gives it a superficial appearance of being right.”- Thomas Paine </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think this means? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you agree with Paine’s quote? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Paul Revere’s Ride <ul><li>Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel Prescott ride to Lexington and Concord, outside Boston, to warn that the British army is marching. </li></ul><ul><li>They ride on the night of April 18, 1775. </li></ul><ul><li>Revere is captured after leaving Lexington. </li></ul><ul><li>Dawes continues to warn Concord. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Battle at Lexington <ul><li>British soldiers reach Lexington on April 19, 1775. </li></ul><ul><li>70 Minutemen wait for them. </li></ul><ul><li>The Minutemen are lead by Captain John Parker. </li></ul><ul><li>Battle lasts a few minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>8 Minutemen die and 10 are injured. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Battle at Concord <ul><li>Samuel Prescott warns Concord the British are coming. </li></ul><ul><li>People hide the weapons the British want. </li></ul><ul><li>The British set buildings on fire. </li></ul><ul><li>Minutemen shoot at the British. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Shot heard ‘round the world.” </li></ul><ul><li>Also occurs on April 19, 1775 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Fort Ticonderoga <ul><li>In May of 1775, Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold capture the British fort in New York </li></ul><ul><li>In March of 1776, Henry Knox is sent to the fort to get its cannons. </li></ul><ul><li>Knox brings the cannons back to Boston. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Battle of Bunker Hill <ul><li>On June 16, 1775, the British attack Patriots stationed on Bunker and Breeds Hill outside of Boston. </li></ul><ul><li>The British attack twice and fail. </li></ul><ul><li>On the third try the British force the Patriots to retreat. </li></ul><ul><li>Even though they lose, the Patriots prove they could fight with the British. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Dorchester Heights <ul><li>General Washington sends Colonel Henry Knox back to Ticonderoga to get more weapons. </li></ul><ul><li>In March of 1776, they put cannons on Nook’s Hill aimed at Boston. </li></ul><ul><li>Washington proved he could outmaneuver General Gage. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Common Sense <ul><li>In January of 1776, Thomas Paine writes a short book called Common Sense. </li></ul><ul><li>Common Sense is written so that all colonists can read and is distributed throughout the colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>This increases the support for separation from England </li></ul>
  21. 21. Common Sense Arguments <ul><li>The British control over the economy has limited the colonists’ trade </li></ul><ul><li>The people of Boston suffer under the Intolerable Acts </li></ul><ul><li>An island should not rule a Continent </li></ul><ul><li>The British are jealous of the Colonies </li></ul>
  22. 22. Thomas Paine
  23. 23. Thomas Paine <ul><li>Thomas Paine agreed with Patrick Henry and thought the colonies should revolt against the King of England. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you agree with them, or would you remain loyal to the king? </li></ul>
  24. 24. Directions <ul><li>Get into pairs and get a textbook page 118. </li></ul><ul><li>Pretend you are a colonist who has read Common Sense </li></ul><ul><li>Create a poster advertising Common Sense and supporting Paine’s ideas. </li></ul>