Give Me Liberty Causes of the American Revolution
During the early years of settlement, England ignored its colonies (salutory neglect). Colonial leaders created their own representative governments Sketch of Baltimore Harbor, 1752
The first meeting of the Virginia Assembly The Virginia House of Burgesses (est. 1619) was the first representative assembly in the Americas. By 1750 each of the 13 colonies had an elected assembly.
North American land claims, 1753 Britain and France were intense rivals in the struggle for North America. In the 1750s the center of colonial conflict was the Ohio River Valley. Native Americans became French allies because it appeared the French would win the war.
Taking of Quebec by English forces during the French and Indian War The French and Indian war went badly for the British colonies at first, until Captain James Wolfe took Quebec in 1759. The British finally won three years later.
North American land claims, 1763 Great Britain became the most powerful nation in the world. The war did have its consequences. It put Britain in debt and led to conflicts with Native Americans in the Ohio River Valley.
King George III In order to enforce the Proclamation of 1763 and keep peace with Native Americans, a permanent British army was stationed in America. British officials expected colonists to help pay for their defense. The colonists did not like the presence of the army, nor having to pay for the troops’ support.
British Policies Summary Give Me Liberty and how they correspond to the “new” school policies
The French and Indian War (1754-1763) Explanation Britain needed money to finance war with France. Reaction/ Result Britain imposed taxes on the colonists to pay for the war.
Proclamation of 1763 Explanation Colonists were forbidden to cross the Appalachian Mountains. Britain sent troops to the colonies Reaction/ Result Colonists resented being controlled and being told what to do
Sugar Act (1764) Explanation Tax on sugar and molasses Reaction/ Result Did not affect many, but the idea of taxes was a growing issue
Quartering Act (1765) Explanation Colonists had to provide food, housing, blankets, etc. for the British soldiers Reaction/ Result This was hated, but little could be done
Stamp Act (1765) Explanation Tax on legal documents, newspapers, wills, and basically every piece of paper used Reaction/ Result Sons of Liberty formed and organized a boycott Eventually repealed
Townshend Acts (1767) Explanation Tax on various household items such as paper, glass, lead, silk, and tea Reaction/ Result Colonists boycotted British goods Eventually repealed
Writs of Assistance (1767) Explanation Customs officers could search ships at will Reaction/ Result Few colonists affected, but merchants felt this was an invasion of privacy search belongings
The Boston Massacre (1770) Explanation A rioting mob confronted British soldiers at the Boston Customs House Tensions rose and shots were fired into the crowd, killing five colonists Reaction/ Result Sam Adams used the opportunity to whip up anti-British feeling by calling the event a massacre. Two soldiers were found guilty of manslaughter, six were found not guilty
Tea Act (1773) Explanation Tea merchants in the colonies were cut out of the tea trade because the British East India Company lowered their tea prices. The company monopolized, or controlled, tea sales in the colonies. Reaction/ Result Boston Tea Party British East India Company
Boston Tea Party (1773) Explanation On December 16, 1773, the Sons of Liberty dumped 90,000 pounds of tea into Boston Harbor. Reaction/ Result Intolerable Acts (Coercive Acts)
Intolerable Acts (1774) Explanation Colonists could not hold town meetings Port of Boston closed Customs officials tried in Britain Reaction/ Result First Continental Congress meets Individual colonies began to unify no discussion of policies
“ No taxation without representation!” Explanation Colonists had no representatives to speak for them in Parliament Reaction/ Result Colonists resented not having a say in their own affairs Became a rallying cry do not call with a complaint
Chronology of Events French and Indian War- 1754-1763 Proclamation of 1763- 1763 Sugar Act- 1764 Quartering Act- 1765 Stamp Act - 1765
Chronology of Events Townshend Acts - 1767 Writs of Assistance - 1767 Boston Massacre- 1770 Tea Act/ Boston Tea Party- 1773 Intolerable Acts- 1774