Colonial Growing Pains


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Colonial Growing Pains

  1. 1. Colonial Growing Pains <ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Middle East </li></ul>
  2. 2. INDIA <ul><li>What do you remember about Gandhi and his call to Civil Disobedience? </li></ul><ul><li>Amritsar </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beginning of the end of British Rule </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Congress Party </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hindu </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Muslim League </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Muhammad Ali Jinnah </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Partition of India <ul><li>Muslim league does not want to be under the control of the Hindu population </li></ul><ul><li>Propose Partition at the Lahore Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Riots and mass violence between the Muslims and Hindus lead Britain to give independence to the nations of India and Pakistan </li></ul>
  4. 4. Dividing and Chaos pg 507 <ul><li>All of the Princes in areas had to decide which country to join and how to divide the civil service between the two nations </li></ul><ul><li>Populations move between the two new countries and as they do… MASS KILLINGS </li></ul>
  5. 5. Gandhi <ul><li>“ What is there to celebrate? I see nothing but rivers of blood.” </li></ul><ul><li>Goes to Dehli to try and persuade the government to press for the fair treatment of Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>Shot by a Hindu while there </li></ul>
  6. 6. LARGEST DEMOCRACY IN THE WORLD <ul><li>India was the world’s largest democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Jawaharlal Nehru first Prime Minister </li></ul>
  7. 7. Kashmir Gripes <ul><li>Who controls Kashmir? Who knows? </li></ul><ul><li>Both Pakistan and India make a claim on the territory </li></ul><ul><li>China takes part of the territory in 1962 under Mao </li></ul><ul><li>Continued conflict between the nations today </li></ul>
  8. 9. Modern Leaders <ul><li>Indira Gandhi </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected Prime Minister in 1964 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Daughter of Nehru (first prime minister) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Philippines <ul><li>First to gain independence after WWII </li></ul><ul><ul><li>July 4 th 1946 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Deal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US will give $600 million in war reparations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Philippines must sign Bell Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Free trade for 8 years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US maintains military presences at Clark Air force and Manila Naval </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Philippines <ul><li>Ferdinand Marcos </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authoritarian regime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stole millions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instituted martial law to stay in power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1986 election </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Runs against Corazon Aquino and LOSES but declares himself the winner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public outrage leads to his exile to Hawaii </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. African Independence <ul><li>Middle class emerges after WWI </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by the Harlem Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Negritude Movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Celebrate African culture, heritage and values </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black experience is unique </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Ghana <ul><li>British </li></ul><ul><li>First African colony south of the Sahara to achieve independence after WWII </li></ul><ul><li>British try and ease the transition by allowing more appointed Africans in their Legislative Council </li></ul>
  13. 14. “Freedom Now!” Ghana <ul><li>Wanted ELECTED and not appointed representation </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Violent protests </li></ul><ul><li>Kwame Nkrumah led the protest movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized strikes and boycotts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imprisoned often </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Becomes first Prime Minister </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gains independence in 1957 </li></ul><ul><li>First black African nation to enter the British Commonwealth </li></ul>
  14. 15. Africa Ruled by Africans <ul><li>Nkrumah helped organize the first Pan-African Conference in 1945 and the first Pan-African conference in Africa in 1958 </li></ul><ul><li>Organization of African Unity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1963 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African Nations trying to govern independently and work together to solve African issues </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Struggles in Ghana <ul><li>Military coup in 1966 while Nkrumah was in China </li></ul><ul><li>More coups to follow up to 2000 when the first open elections were held </li></ul><ul><li>Still fragile government today </li></ul>