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Colonial Growing Pains
 

Colonial Growing Pains

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    Colonial Growing Pains Colonial Growing Pains Presentation Transcript

    • Colonial Growing Pains
      • India
      • Southeast Asia
      • Africa
      • Middle East
    • INDIA
      • What do you remember about Gandhi and his call to Civil Disobedience?
      • Amritsar
        • Beginning of the end of British Rule
      • Congress Party
        • Hindu
      • Muslim League
        • Muhammad Ali Jinnah
    • Partition of India
      • Muslim league does not want to be under the control of the Hindu population
      • Propose Partition at the Lahore Conference
      • Riots and mass violence between the Muslims and Hindus lead Britain to give independence to the nations of India and Pakistan
    • Dividing and Chaos pg 507
      • All of the Princes in areas had to decide which country to join and how to divide the civil service between the two nations
      • Populations move between the two new countries and as they do… MASS KILLINGS
    • Gandhi
      • “ What is there to celebrate? I see nothing but rivers of blood.”
      • Goes to Dehli to try and persuade the government to press for the fair treatment of Muslims
      • Shot by a Hindu while there
    • LARGEST DEMOCRACY IN THE WORLD
      • India was the world’s largest democracy
      • Jawaharlal Nehru first Prime Minister
    • Kashmir Gripes
      • Who controls Kashmir? Who knows?
      • Both Pakistan and India make a claim on the territory
      • China takes part of the territory in 1962 under Mao
      • Continued conflict between the nations today
    •  
    • Modern Leaders
      • Indira Gandhi
        • Elected Prime Minister in 1964
        • Daughter of Nehru (first prime minister)
    • Philippines
      • First to gain independence after WWII
        • July 4 th 1946
      • The Deal
        • US will give $600 million in war reparations
        • The Philippines must sign Bell Act
          • Free trade for 8 years
        • US maintains military presences at Clark Air force and Manila Naval
    • Philippines
      • Ferdinand Marcos
        • Authoritarian regime
        • Stole millions
        • Instituted martial law to stay in power
      • 1986 election
        • Runs against Corazon Aquino and LOSES but declares himself the winner
        • Public outrage leads to his exile to Hawaii
    • African Independence
      • Middle class emerges after WWI
      • Influenced by the Harlem Renaissance
      • Negritude Movement
        • Celebrate African culture, heritage and values
        • Black experience is unique
    • Ghana
      • British
      • First African colony south of the Sahara to achieve independence after WWII
      • British try and ease the transition by allowing more appointed Africans in their Legislative Council
    • “Freedom Now!” Ghana
      • Wanted ELECTED and not appointed representation
      • Non-Violent protests
      • Kwame Nkrumah led the protest movement
        • Organized strikes and boycotts
        • Imprisoned often
        • Becomes first Prime Minister
      • Gains independence in 1957
      • First black African nation to enter the British Commonwealth
    • Africa Ruled by Africans
      • Nkrumah helped organize the first Pan-African Conference in 1945 and the first Pan-African conference in Africa in 1958
      • Organization of African Unity
        • 1963
        • African Nations trying to govern independently and work together to solve African issues
    • Struggles in Ghana
      • Military coup in 1966 while Nkrumah was in China
      • More coups to follow up to 2000 when the first open elections were held
      • Still fragile government today