27.5 imperialism in southeast asia world history mateo joshua and regina


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27.5 imperialism in southeast asia world history mateo joshua and regina

  1. 1. Mateo Guajardo Joshua Pinera Regina Fragoso
  2. 2. Why were some European nations interested in imperializing south East Asia?    Southeast Asia had a lot of resources some European nations were interested in they had good for plantation agriculture and focused on sugar cane, coffee, cocoa. Europe wanted to invade the pacific rim because they had an strategic location along the sea that lead to the route to China. They also wanted to invade the Pacific rim because the colonies had sources of tropical agriculture, minerals, and oil.
  3. 3. Dutch expand control    The Dutch vigorously sought after more land in southeast Asia like Malacca. They fought against the British and Javanese for Java They discovered oil and tin and expanded their control over to:       Sumatra Part of Borneo Celebes The Maluccas Bali Islands of Indonesia (also called Dutch East Indies)
  4. 4. British take the Malayan Peninsula The British competed with the dutch and opened a trading base to have more routes for the India-China sea routes and opened the suez canal which made the demand for rubber and tin increase.  Britain also had control over some of the Malayan colonies and needed more workers since the colonies were wealthy at tin and rubber so they encouraged Chinese to move over to the Malayan peninsula which caused conflicts between the chinese and native Malayans 
  5. 5. French control Indochina  The French had been at southeast Asia since the 17th century and used direct colonial management. They focused on rice production but most of it was exported so the Vietnamese started a resistance against France.
  6. 6. Colonial Impact  POSITIVE:  Roads, harbors, and rail systems improved communication and helped the european bussiness  Economies grew  Education, health and sanitation got better  NEGATIVE:  People from other parts of Asia migrated and led to racial and religious clashes.
  7. 7. SIAM REMAINS INDEPENDENT France and Britain both wanted to take control over Siam so Siam remained neutral between them  With help from their king Mongkut and his son Chalialongkorn they modernized Siam. 
  8. 8.  In order to be able to modernize Siam they:  Builded schools  Reformed the legal system  Reorganize the government The government builder a telegraph and railroads on their own and they also ended slavery This way they remained independent.
  9. 9. U.S. IMPERIALISM IN THE PACIFIC ISLANDS  After it's Independence, United States was against imperialism and colonialism. However, a group of elite society thought that imperialism would open new opportunities, so thats when they decided to expand to other places. That is how United States started exploring in Southeast Asia.
  10. 10. The Philippines change hands  After the war with Spain, United States took The Philippines as a colony, with the excuses of “educate Filipinos, and uplift and Christianize them.” Filipinos weren't happy of being colonized again after the Spanish, so the Nationalists like Emilio Aguinaldo made United States follow their promise of leaving after the Spanish-American War. After that, the Philippine Republic began. The United States plunged into a fierce struggle with the Filipino nationalists in 1899 and defeated them in 1902.
  11. 11. Hawaii becomes a republic  In 1790, U.S. interest in Hawaii began. Americans established sugar-cane plantations and became highly successful. By the mid-19th century, American sugar plantations accounted for 75 percent of Hawaii’s wealth. Wealthy americans wanted Hawaii to be part of the country because that meant that they had more profit in the sugar cane. The new Hawaiian ruler, Queen Liliuokalani wanted a new reform for Hawaiians, so the americans didn't like this and took her power. In 1894, Sanford B. Dole, a wealthy plantation owner and politician, was named president of the new Republic of Hawaii. The president of the new republic asked the United States to annex it. At first, President Cleveland refused. In 1898, however, the Republic of Hawaii was annexed by the United States.
  12. 12. CONCLUSION  Our conclusion is that the European countries were very interested at the southeast Asia because they had a great wealth of resources which helped them keep industrializing and keep imperializing to gain more power. We also learned that even though the US was against imperialism they colonized and fought for the Philippines. There were some positive effects but most of them only benefited the Europeans and their business and only Siam remained independent because they were able to change their government.