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  • 1. Paralysis
    • What is it?
    • Who is affected
    • Signs and symptoms
    • Causes
    • What happens to the body
    • Different variations
    • Treatments
    • How treatment works
    • By: Heather, Jeffrey, Jamie, Angeline
  • 2. What is paralysis?
    • Paralysis is the complete
    • loss of muscle function for
    • one or more muscle groups.
    • Paralysis often includes loss
    • of feeling in the affected area.
  • 3. Types of Paralysis
    • Paralysis is caused by damage to a neuron (nerve supplying to muscle)
    • Upper motor neurons convey the message from the brain to the nervous system
    • -Damage causes an increased tightening in muscle called spasticity.
    • Lower motor neurons provide the final path for the signal to reach the muscle
    • -Damage leads to loss of tone called flaccidity
  • 4. Types of paralysis symptoms
    • Facial paralysis
    • Sleep paralysis
    • Jaw paralysis
    • Leg paralysis
    • Partial paralysis
    • Total paralysis
    • Muscle paralysis
    • Paraplegia
    • Flaccid paralysis
    • Ankle paralysis
    • Arm paralysis
    • Elbow paralysis
    • Eye paralysis
    • Finger paralysis
    • Foot paralysis
    • Jaw paralysis
    • Knee paralysis
    • Thigh paralysis
    • Wrist paralysis
  • 5. Signs and symptoms
    • Sudden paralysis is most often caused by injury or stroke.
    • Damage to the right side of the brain
    • - paralysis on the left side of the body
    • Damage to the spine
    • -equal sided paralysis
    • Damage to the lower spine
    • - paralysis of both legs (paraplegia)
    • Damage done higher on the spine
    • - paralysis of all four limbs (quadriplegia)
  • 6. More signs and symptoms
    • symptoms may include :
    • numbness
    • tingling
    • pain
    • changes in vision
    • difficulties with speech
    • problems with balance
    • difficulties in breathing.
    Numbness Tingling in leg
  • 7. Variations of Paralysis
    • Noted by severity
    • -Plegia: Total loss of movement ability
    • (true paralysis)
    • -Paresis: Only muscle weakness
    • -Palsy: Means the same thing as paralysis
    • (another common term)
  • 8. Upper and Lower Neuron Damage
    • The range of causes is very vast and is complicated further when both neuron groups are affected.
    • Conditions that affect the brain and spinal cord usually result in upper motor neuron damage
    • -i.e. Stroke, tumors, multiple sclerosis, spinal bifida, cerebral palsy, or severe injury to the neck, head, or back
    • Lower motor neuron damage resulting in flaccid paralysis is less common and can occur when an injury to a limb involves a nerve supplying to muscle
    • -i.e. An injury to the upper arm could lead to the loss of movement in the hand and forearm
  • 9. Polyneuropathies
    • A large number of rather rare disorders that can cause more widespread paralysis
    • Can be inherited
    • May be triggered by drugs, allergies, or poison
    • May be a symptom of diabetes
    • A more well known example would be poliomyelitis
  • 10. Motor Neuron Disease
    • A group of progressive neurological disorders that destroy motor neurons
    • Causes both types of paralysis
    • -This can also occur when people suffer severe injuries such as head or spinal injury, along with lower motor neuron paralysis from injury to the nerves providing to muscle.
  • 11. Who is affected?
    • Strokes (certain types)
    • Spinal cord injuries
    • Broken necks
    • Neurological diseases
    • Autoimmune diseases
    • Bell’s palsy
    Source: Medline Plus
  • 12. Treatments and how the treatment works
    • Physical therapy
      • Mobility
      • Range of motion
      • Muscle strength
    Source: Health A to Z
  • 13. Treatments and how the treatment works
    • Occupational therapy
      • Modify home
      • Allow self-care
    • Other
      • Respiratory therapist
      • Psychologist
      • Speech therapist
    Respiratory therapist
  • 14. Work cited page
    • Health A to Z
    • Medline Plus
    • Brain an spine foundation
    • Wrong diagnosis
    Power point and presentation by: Heather, Jamie, Jeffrey and Angeline