Paralysis

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Paralysis

  1. 1. Paralysis <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is affected </li></ul><ul><li>Signs and symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>What happens to the body </li></ul><ul><li>Different variations </li></ul><ul><li>Treatments </li></ul><ul><li>How treatment works </li></ul><ul><li>By: Heather, Jeffrey, Jamie, Angeline </li></ul>
  2. 2. What is paralysis? <ul><li>Paralysis is the complete </li></ul><ul><li>loss of muscle function for </li></ul><ul><li>one or more muscle groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Paralysis often includes loss </li></ul><ul><li>of feeling in the affected area. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Paralysis <ul><li>Paralysis is caused by damage to a neuron (nerve supplying to muscle) </li></ul><ul><li>Upper motor neurons convey the message from the brain to the nervous system </li></ul><ul><li>-Damage causes an increased tightening in muscle called spasticity. </li></ul><ul><li>Lower motor neurons provide the final path for the signal to reach the muscle </li></ul><ul><li>-Damage leads to loss of tone called flaccidity </li></ul>
  4. 4. Types of paralysis symptoms <ul><li>Facial paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Jaw paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Leg paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Partial paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Total paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Paraplegia </li></ul><ul><li>Flaccid paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Ankle paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Arm paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Elbow paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Eye paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Finger paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Foot paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Jaw paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Knee paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Thigh paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Wrist paralysis </li></ul>paraplegia
  5. 5. Signs and symptoms <ul><li>Sudden paralysis is most often caused by injury or stroke. </li></ul><ul><li>Damage to the right side of the brain </li></ul><ul><li>- paralysis on the left side of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Damage to the spine </li></ul><ul><li>-equal sided paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Damage to the lower spine </li></ul><ul><li>- paralysis of both legs (paraplegia) </li></ul><ul><li>Damage done higher on the spine </li></ul><ul><li>- paralysis of all four limbs (quadriplegia) </li></ul>
  6. 6. More signs and symptoms <ul><li>symptoms may include : </li></ul><ul><li>numbness </li></ul><ul><li>tingling </li></ul><ul><li>pain </li></ul><ul><li>changes in vision </li></ul><ul><li>difficulties with speech </li></ul><ul><li>problems with balance </li></ul><ul><li>difficulties in breathing. </li></ul>Numbness Tingling in leg
  7. 7. Variations of Paralysis <ul><li>Noted by severity </li></ul><ul><li>-Plegia: Total loss of movement ability </li></ul><ul><li>(true paralysis) </li></ul><ul><li>-Paresis: Only muscle weakness </li></ul><ul><li>-Palsy: Means the same thing as paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>(another common term) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Upper and Lower Neuron Damage <ul><li>The range of causes is very vast and is complicated further when both neuron groups are affected. </li></ul><ul><li>Conditions that affect the brain and spinal cord usually result in upper motor neuron damage </li></ul><ul><li>-i.e. Stroke, tumors, multiple sclerosis, spinal bifida, cerebral palsy, or severe injury to the neck, head, or back </li></ul><ul><li>Lower motor neuron damage resulting in flaccid paralysis is less common and can occur when an injury to a limb involves a nerve supplying to muscle </li></ul><ul><li>-i.e. An injury to the upper arm could lead to the loss of movement in the hand and forearm </li></ul>
  9. 9. Polyneuropathies <ul><li>A large number of rather rare disorders that can cause more widespread paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Can be inherited </li></ul><ul><li>May be triggered by drugs, allergies, or poison </li></ul><ul><li>May be a symptom of diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>A more well known example would be poliomyelitis </li></ul>
  10. 10. Motor Neuron Disease <ul><li>A group of progressive neurological disorders that destroy motor neurons </li></ul><ul><li>Causes both types of paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>-This can also occur when people suffer severe injuries such as head or spinal injury, along with lower motor neuron paralysis from injury to the nerves providing to muscle. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Who is affected? <ul><li>Strokes (certain types) </li></ul><ul><li>Spinal cord injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Broken necks </li></ul><ul><li>Neurological diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Autoimmune diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Bell’s palsy </li></ul>Source: Medline Plus
  12. 12. Treatments and how the treatment works <ul><li>Physical therapy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Range of motion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muscle strength </li></ul></ul>Source: Health A to Z
  13. 13. Treatments and how the treatment works <ul><li>Occupational therapy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Modify home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow self-care </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Respiratory therapist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychologist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speech therapist </li></ul></ul>Respiratory therapist
  14. 14. Work cited page <ul><li>Health A to Z </li></ul><ul><li>Medline Plus </li></ul><ul><li>Brain an spine foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Wrong diagnosis </li></ul>Power point and presentation by: Heather, Jamie, Jeffrey and Angeline

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