MVUG- From Zero to Hero on Hyper V R2- Part1
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  • Good morning everyone,Welcome to MVUG Part 1- From Zero to Hero on Hyper V R2.Let me introduce myself, my name Lai . I’m a MVP on Virtual Machine and I’m one of the founder for MVUG.
  • Alright . . . so what is Windows Virtualization?Let look into how we normally deploy app. We tend buy a server and then you install an app. This is an on going process, and without you realise you have buy a lot of server. When you do assessment, you will find out that most of the server is underutilize, which is running only 10- 20%.
  • 1970 –IBM is 1st company who introduce virtualizationMicrosoft start look into virtualization when they bought over Connectix and releasing 2 products.Virtual Pc is the desktop virtualization product. And in 2009, Microsoft release Virtual Pc for Win7 which require hardware virtualization. As time pass by, Microsoft receive a lot of feedback from consumer on running Virtual Pc without H/w Virtualization. So on this year March 2010, an update is release to run Virtual Pc without h/w virtualization technologies.On Server Virtualization, this is where Virtual Server is release. Virtual Server is a Type 2 hypervisor which need to run on top of OS and on my perspective it is an application. On year 2008, Microsoft start to release type 1 hypervisor which called Hyper V. Last year, Microsoft add more enhancement and came out with Hyper V R2 which is the current version which I’m going to cover in this webcast.More good news, on 1st half of 2011 – Microsoft will release more feature for Virtualization on SP1.
  • Title: Hypervisor Design GoalsTalking Points:VSP = Virtualization Service ProvidersVSC = Virtualization Service ClientsThe hypervisor instance must have at least one Parent or Root partition Parent partition is responsible for: Managing and assigning hardware resources. Power management, plug and play, and hardware failure events Creating and managing other partitions Loading and starting the hypervisor.Windows Vista SP1 and Windows Server 2008 include enlightenments and are able to detect the presence of a hypervisor at run time. These changes are built into the Kernel and the HAL components for both performance optimization and functional enhancements. Virtualization Solutions traditionally emulate legacy devices for their guests.
  • In this slide, I’m going to discuss about virtualization right for guest VM.Free edition Hyper V – do not have virtualization right license. For each VM, you need to buy each license. I normally use Hyper V free edition when I want to perform Virtual standby (backup) or P2V older operating system with you have license.Windows Server 2008 Std Edition – allow you to install 1 instance of operating system.Windows Server 2008 Ent Edition – allow you to install 4 instance of operating systemWindows Server 2008 Datacenter – allow you to install unlimited VM.Let look into scenario:-OS for guest VM – Std allow you to install only Std Edition OS, Ent allow you to install either Std/ Enterprise Edition.Linux OS as guest VM. As we all know, linux is open source but in Microsoft Virtualization right, example I take Ent edition. So 4-1 =3Malaysia best practice is install roles such as DC in parent partition. In virtualization right is 4-1 =3 allowed guest VM.Microsoft recommendation is do not install other roles into Hyper V host machine. The reason is not because of the virtualization right license but because other roles will share and use the resource which will impact the performance of the VM.d) What happen if you exceed the VM virtualization license installed. Example: Ent edition, you install 6 VM, you just need to buy 2 additional license.For more further info about license, feel free to contact Microsoft.
  • Support for more logical processorsUp to 8 socket system with 8 cores/socketUp to 64 logical processors (8 cores x 8 CPUs)Support for more concurrent VMsUp to 384 powered -on VMs (6 VMs x 64 logical processors)Support for more virtual processorsUp to 512 virtual processors (8 virtual processors x 64 logical processors)Up to 4 virtual processor allocation per virtual machineVM Example (assuming 64 logical processors & lots of RAM)128 VMs with 4 virtual processors (maxes out 512 virtual processors)384 VMs with 1 virtual processor (maxes out 384 virtual machines)300 VMs with 1 virtual processor and 53 VMs with 4 virtual processors (maxes out 512 virtual processors)
  • In Part 1, we will run through a bit of history of how machine virtualization started in MS. Very quickly this takes us to the present with Hyper-V R1 and R2 for both the totally free version, MS Hyper-V Server 2008 and 2008 R2 and the Windows Hyper-V versions. Hyper-V overview and architecture will also be covered and then key capabilities with a whole series of demos.2. From Zero to Hero on Hyper-V R2 part 2 - 75 minutesThe second part, allows us to focus on installation and configuration. We will also provide some understanding on the Authorization Manager which governs the heart of authorization and access to Hyper-V.

MVUG- From Zero to Hero on Hyper V R2- Part1 MVUG- From Zero to Hero on Hyper V R2- Part1 Presentation Transcript

  • From Zero to Hero on Hyper-V R2-Part 1-
    Lai YoongSeng
    MVP : Virtual Machine | www.ms4u.info
    MVUG
  • Virtualization Overview
    Virtualization Roadmap
    Agenda
    Hyper V Requirement
    Hyper V Edition
    Key Capabilities
    Microsoft
    Windows Server 2008 R2
    Hyper-V
  • Virtualization Overview
    Operating System
    Hyper-V
    Application 2
    VM3
    Operating System
    Application 1
    Operating System
    Application 1
    VM2
    Operating System
    Application 2
    Physical Server
    Operating System
    VM1
    Application 3
    Operating System
    Application 3
    PhysicalServer
    Physical Server
    Physical Server
    3
  • Server Virtualization Roadmap
    2009
    March ‘10
    Desktop
    Virtualization
    DATACENTER MANAGEMENT
    monitor | configure | virtualize | P2V | V2V
    Virtual PC
    Server
    Virtualization
    1970
    2005
    Virtual Server
    2005 R2 Sp1
    2008
    Hyper V R2
    2007
    Windows Server
    2008 R2 SP1 (New)
    2009
    2011
    2007
  • Type 2 Hypervisor
    5
    Type 2 Hypervisor (Host-based Architecture)
    Runs within an operating system
    Guest OS’s run at the third level above hardware
    Additional layer creates performance overhead
    Virtual Server/PC
    VMWare GSX server
  • Type 1 Hypervisor
    6
    Type 1 Hypervisor (Bare-Metal Architecture)
    Runs directly on hardware platform as a Control Program
    Guest OS’s run above hypervisor
    Benefits
    Executes directly with hardware
    Performance
    Availability
    Security
  • Windows Server VirtualizationArchitecture
    Child Partitions
    ParentPartition
    VM WorkerProcess
    Applications
    Applications
    Applications
    Virtualization Stack
    WMI Provider
    User Mode
    VM Service
    Windows Server 2003, 2008
    Windows Server 2008
    Non-Hypervisor Aware OS
    Xen-enabled Linux Kernel
    Linux VSCs
    Windows Kernel
    Windows Kernel
    VSP
    OS Kernel
    VSC
    Hypercall Adapter
    Kernel Mode
    VMBus
    Emulation
    VMBus
    VMBus
    Windows Hypervisor
    AMD-V,
    Intel VT Chipset
    “Designed for Windows” Server Hardware
    MS / XenSourceNovell
    Windows Server Virtualization
    ISV/IHV/OEM
    OS
  • Hyper V Requirements
    What is Windows Virtualization?
    What are the Requirements?
    Windows Server 2008 R2x64 Editions
    Hardware assisted virtualization
    AMD-V or Intel VT
    Hardware enabled Data Execution Prevention (DEP)
    AMD (NX no execute bit)
    Intel (XD execute disable)
    Hypervisor based virtualization platform
    Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition technology
    Standards based
  • BIOS settings
  • Intel Processor Verification
    • Check out :- http://ark.intel.com/VTList.aspx
    • Virtualization identification tool:-
    http://downloadcenter.intel.com/Detail_Desc.aspx?agr=N&ProductID=1881&DwnldID=7838
  • AMD Processor Verification
    • AMD Opteron Processor
    • Tool :-
    http://support.amd.com/us/Pages/dynamicDetails.aspx?ListID=c5cd2c08-1432-4756-aafa-4d9dc646342f&ItemID=177
  • Other Identification Tool
    • Securable
    • Get it from http://www.grc.com/files/securable.exe
  • Supported Guest Operating System
    More detail:-
    http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2008/en/us/hyperv-supported-guest-os.aspx
  • What’s Different?
  • Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 vs. Windows Server 2008 R2
  • Hyper V Edition
  • Key Capabilities
    17
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Server Core Parking
    Overview
    Scheduling virtual machines on a single server for density as opposed to dispersion
    This allows “park/sleep” cores by putting them in deep C states
    Benefits
    Significantly enhances Green IT by being able to reduce power required for CPUs
  • Core Parking
  • Core Parking
    Processor is “parked”
    Processor is “parked”
  • Second Level Address Translation (SLAT)New Processor Feature Support
    Overview
    Uses new processor features to improve performance and reduce load on Windows Hypervisor
    AMD: Nested Page Tables (NPT)
    Intel: Extended Page Tables (EPT)
    Benefits
    Improve memory management performance
    Reduce in memory copies
    Memory usage will decrease from ~5% to 1% of total physical memory
    Most improvement with large working sets (TS/SQL)
  • Jumbo Frame Support
    Overview
    Enables 6x larger payload per packet
    Ethernet frames >1,500 bytes
    Ad hoc standard is ~9k
    Benefits
    Improves throughput
    Reduce CPU utilization of large file transfers
  • Live Migration
    Overview
    Moving a virtual machine from one server to another without loss of service
    Benefits
    Enables new scenarios
    Load balancing VMs for power
    Load balancing VMs for CPU
    Upgrade of host hardware and maintenance
  • Cluster Shared Volumes
    NEW Cluster Shared Volumes (CSV) in Windows Server 2008 R2
    Overview
    CSV provides a single consistent file name space; All Windows Server 2008 R2 Server servers see the same storage
    Benefits
    Easy setup; Uses NTFS
    No reformatting SANs
    Create one big data store
    No more drive letter problems
    Existing tools just work
    Highly recommended for live migration scenarios
  • Hot Add/Remove Storage
    Overview
    Add and remove VHD and pass-through disks to a running VM without requiring a reboot.
    Hot-add/remove disk applies to VHDs and pass-through disks attached to the virtual SCSI controller
    Benefits
    Enables storage growth in VMs without downtime
    Enables additional datacenter backup scenarios
    Enables new SQL/Exchange scenarios
  • Processor Compatibility Mode
    Overview
    Allows live migration across different CPU versions within the same processor family (i.e. Intel-to-Intel and AMD-to-AMD).
    Does NOT enable cross platform from Intel to AMD or vice versa.
    Configure compatibility on a per-VM basis.
    Abstracts the VM down to the lowest common denominator in terms of instruction sets available to the VM.
    VM NOT in Processor compatibility mode
    VM in Processor compatibility mode
    VM sees
    processor features: X,Y,Z
    VM sees
    processor features: X,Y
    Migration fails
    Migration succeeds
    Physical Processor
    features: X,Y,Z
    Physical Processor
    features: X,Y
    Physical Processor
    features: X,Y
    Physical Processor
    features: X,Y,Z
    Host B
    Host B
    Host A
    Host A
  • Demo
    • Securable
    • Core Parking
    • Hot Add/Remove Storage
    • Processor Compatibility Mode
    • Jumbo Frame
  • Summary
    Describe about Virtualization Overview
    Roadmap on Microsoft Virtualization
    Requirement, Architecture, Identification
    Hyper V Edition
    Key Capabilities
    Microsoft
    Windows Server 2008 R2
    Hyper-V
  • Q&A
    Questions & Answers
  • Resources
    MVUG (Malaysia Virtualization User Group) – Join us !
    http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=216237734803 @ Search “MVUG” in Facebook
    Lai’s Blog –Virtualization & System Center related, etc
    http://www.ms4u.info
    Virtualization with Hyper V R2
    http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2008/en/us/hyperv-main.aspx
  • Related Content
    Full on Demo on Settings up High Availability Virtual Machine
    Thursday 23 Sept 2010
    11.30 – 12.30 am
    IT Pro Track @ TechInsight Penang (USM)
    Planning and What’s New in Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 for Virtualization Session
    Friday 24 Sept 2010
    11.30 – 12.30 am
    IT Pro Track @ TechInsight Penang (USM)
    Check out :- http://www.techinsights.my/
  • What’s next ?
    From Zero to Hero on Hyper-V R2 :- Part 2
    The second part, allows us to focus on installation and configuration.
    Stay Tuned !