8.1 - The Fight Against Terrorism
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8.1 - The Fight Against Terrorism

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America's history and experience with terrorism.

America's history and experience with terrorism.

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8.1 - The Fight Against Terrorism 8.1 - The Fight Against Terrorism Presentation Transcript

  • The Fight Against Terrorism
    • Terrorism
    • “ Unlawful use of, or threatened use of, force or violence against individuals or property for the purpose of intimidating or causing fear for political or social ends.”
    • Essentially, people using force, usually against civillians to achieve certain goals.
    • We all know about 9/11, but there were other terrorists acts that led up to it.
    • 1979: The takeover the U.S. embassy in Tehran, Iran.
      • Nov. 4 th , the ruler of Iran is overthrown by Islamic radicals led by the Ayatollah Khomeini.
      • The revolutionaries storm the U.S. embassy and take 52 hostages. They aren’t released until 1/20/81 when Ronald Reagan takes office.
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    • 1983: Marine barracks in Beirut, Lebanon destroyed.
      • Oct. 23 rd . A delivery truck sets off an explosive equivalent to 12,000 pounds of TNT in front of the Marine barracks in Beirut.
      • 241 American soldiers are killed.
    • 1985: Bombing of air base in Germany
      • Communist terrorist group sets off bomb at Rhein-Main Air Base, killing one and injuring 20.
    • 1988: Pan Am Flight 103
      • Dec. 21 st . A bomb consisting of just 12-16 ounces of plastic explosives is concealed in a radio. It detonates over Lockerbie, Scotaland.
      • 270 people are killed, including 11 people on the ground in Lockerbie.
      • Libya apparently behind it.
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    • 1993: World Trade Center Bombing
      • Feb. 26. A truck carrying an explosive is detonated in the parking garage of the World Trade Center.
      • Killed six, injured 1,042.
      • The intent was to undermine the foundation of the north tower and cause it to collapse into its twin.
      • Perpetrated by Islamic extremists
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    • 1995: Oklahoma City bombing
      • April 19 th . Timothy McVeigh, who thought the federal government was evil, detonates a truck bomb outside of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City.
      • 168 people are killed. Over 800 are injured.
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    • 1996: Khobar Towers
      • June 25 th . Truck bomb detonates outside U.S. military housing complex in Saudi Arabia.
      • Blast equivalent to nearly 20,000 pounds of TNT.
      • 20 are killed. 370 are injured.
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    • 1998: Embassy bombings in Africa
      • August 7 th .
      • Car bombs are simultaneously detonated outside the U.S. embassies in Tanzania and Kenya.
      • 257 are killed. Over 4,000 are injured.
      • Al Qaeda.
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    • 2000: USS Cole
      • Oct. 20. Guided missile destroyer, USS Cole is damaged by a bomb on a rubber boat while docked in Yemen.
      • Caused a 40 by 40 foot hole in the side.
      • 17 sailors are killed.
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    • 2001 World Trade Center: 9/11
    • 19 Islamic extremist terrorists, part of the global terrorist network Al Qaeda, hijack 4 planes.
      • The planes were fully fueled for transcontinental flights from the east to west coasts (24,000 gallons of fuel each).
      • One plane each crashed into each of the two towers of the World Trade Center.
      • One plane crashed into the Pentagon.
      • One plane crashes in a field in Pennsylvania after the passengers revolt against the hijackers. Was likely supposed to crash into the White House or U.S. Capitol Building.
    • The heat from the burning fuel and subsequent fire in the towers weakened the steel supports, causing them to collapse.
    • About 3,000 people were killed in the attacks.
      • 246 on the planes.
      • 2,602 in the towers.
      • 125 at the Pentagon.
      • Many more would have died had the towers collapse earlier or the planes impacted lower down.
        • Only 18 out of 600 escaped from above the impact site in the South Tower, for example.
        • Most of the 16,000 who were below the impact site escaped.
    • Some in the towers, jumped out the windows rather than be burned alive.
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    • The aftermath is that the U.S. starts a war on terror (or at least engages in a war that had already been going on).
    • The U.S. attacks Afghanistan and eliminates the Taliban government.
    • Forms the department of Homeland Security for domestic protection.
    • Danger of terrorism
    • Very little can do a lot of damage.
    • Inspires fear (terror)