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Terrorism-Causes and Types

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Terrorism-Causes and Types

  1. 1. • Meaning Of Terrorism • Terrorists • Cause Of Terrorism • Hiroshima & Nagasaki Attack (1945) • Punjab Terrorism (1980s – 1990s) • World Trade Center, Pentagon and Shanks-ville Incident (2001) • Mumbai Attacks (2008) • Eight of the attacks occurred in South Mumbai • Lahore attack (October, 2009) • Prevention of Terrorist Activities Act • Prevention Of Terrorism
  2. 2. All terrorist acts are motivated by two things :
  4. 4. • A form of collective violence interfering with the peace, security, and normal functioning of the community.
  5. 5. • Violent criminal behavior designed primarily to generate fear in the community, or substantial segment of it, for political purposes.
  6. 6. • Terrorism that is not aimed at political purposes but which exhibits “conscious design to create and maintain a high degree of fear for coercive purposes, but the end is individual or collective gain rather than the achievement of a political objective.”
  7. 7. The activities incidental to the commission of crimes of violence that are similar in form and method to genuine terrorism but which nevertheless lack its essential ingredient. It is not the main purpose of the quasi- terrorists to induce Terror in the immediate victim as in the case of genuine terrorism, but the quasi-terrorist uses the Modalities and techniques of the genuine terrorist and Produces similar consequences and reaction. For example, the fleeing felon who takes hostages is a quasi-terrorist, w hose methods are similar to those of the genuine terrorist but whose purposes are quite different.
  8. 8. • Genuine political terrorism is characterized by a revolutionary approach; limited political terrorism refers to “acts of terrorism which are committed for ideological or political motives but which are not part of a concerted campaign to capture control of the state.
  9. 9. • "referring to nations whose rule is based upon fear and oppression that reach similar to terrorism or such proportions.” It may also be referred to as Structural Terrorism defined broadly as terrorist acts carried out by governments in pursuit of political objectives, often as part of their foreign policy.
  10. 10. The 2008 Mumbai attacks were more than 10 coordinated shooting and bombing attacks across Mumbai by Islamist attackers who allegedly came from Pakistan. The attackers received reconnaissance assistance before the attacks. Ajmal Kasab later claimed upon interrogation that the attacks were conducted with the support of Pakistan's ISI. The attacks, which drew widespread global condemnation, began on Wednesday, 26 November and lasted until Saturday, 29 November 2008, killing 164 people and wounding at least 308.
  11. 11. • Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus • Oberoi Trident • The Taj Mahal Palace & Tower • Leopold Café • Cama Hospital • The Nariman House Jewish community centre • The Metro Cinema • A Lane behind the Times of India building and St. Xavier's College There was also an explosion at Mazagaon, in Mumbai's port area, and in a taxi at Vile Parle. Eight of the attacks occurred in South Mumbai:
  12. 12. • BY: ASHWANI YADAV