Language and Critical Thinking

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Language and Critical Thinking

  1. 1. LANGUAGE AND CRITICAL THINKING BY: ANNA KLEYMAN
  2. 2. FOUR AREAS OF LANGUAGE USE ARE IMPORTANT TO CRITICAL THINKING <ul><li>Word Choice </li></ul><ul><li>Ambiguity </li></ul><ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Intensity </li></ul>
  3. 3. WORD CHOICE <ul><li>The English language contains 500,000 usable words . </li></ul><ul><li>500 most common words have a combined total of more than 14,000 different meanings. </li></ul><ul><li>The Whorf-Sapir hypothesis maintains that the words of a particular language help to determine the way that people interpret events that occur. </li></ul><ul><li>The hypothesis theorizes that thoughts and behavior are determined/influenced by language. </li></ul><ul><li>Word choice allows us to indirectly express our real feelings. </li></ul><ul><li>Words affect the way an audience reacts to an argument </li></ul>
  4. 4. AMBIGUITY <ul><li>Ambiguous language runs the risk of being misunderstood. </li></ul><ul><li>Ambiguous means a word or phrase has more than one meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Euphemism is a less direct term, used in place of a more specific term which can be considered offensive. </li></ul><ul><li>Euphemisms are used to clean up one’s language and should be used sparingly. </li></ul><ul><li>Euphemisms can increase the ambiguity level. </li></ul><ul><li>Doublespeak = makes the bad seem goo, the negative appear positive, unpleasant appears attractive. It conceals or prevents thought. </li></ul>
  5. 5. AMBIGUOUS LANGUAGE <ul><li>Causes confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to over-generalizing/stereo-typing </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to bypassing </li></ul>
  6. 6. DEFINITION <ul><li>The primary function of a definition is to get the sender and receiver on the same semantic wavelength in order to avoid unnecessary semantic hurdles that prevent a discussion of more important issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Used to indicate the sense in which you use a familiar term. </li></ul>
  7. 7. MEANINGS <ul><li>Denotative meaning = refers to the way a word is generally used. </li></ul><ul><li>Connotative meaning= refers to the way a person emotionally responds to it. This is an important part of human communication. </li></ul>
  8. 8. INTENSITY OF LANGUAGE <ul><li>Refers to the use of words and phrases that often raise the emotional level of any communication encounter. </li></ul><ul><li>Intensity of language can be found in one of the three areas = (negative evaluate words, strong emotive words, or abusive language) </li></ul>
  9. 9. IMPACT OF LANGUAGE ON CRITICAL THINKING <ul><li>Language is related to audience attention and comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>Language is related to audience acceptance and rejection of an argument. </li></ul><ul><li>Language affects arguer credibility. </li></ul><ul><li>Language determines how people interpret their environment. </li></ul>
  10. 10. CONCLUSION <ul><li>Language choice must be matched with time, place, person and occasion for which the language is intended. </li></ul><ul><li>Using correct language can enhance credibility and claim adherence. Using incorrect, can damage credibility and lead to rejection of the position being advanced. </li></ul>

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