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spoken language, oral culture

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spoken and written were created in order to cover people needs

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spoken language, oral culture

  1. 1. Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo NAMES: CRISTINA HERRERA JHONNA ARROBO COURSE: 7TH SEMESTER “A “
  2. 2. Spoken Language, oral culture It refers to how participants in take up various social roles in a cultural space. The spoken medium is directly linked to the time of its enunciation and perception of the verbal event The two very different media of speech and writing
  3. 3. Speech and writing Oral cultures must have experienced before the invention of writing Traces of orality have remained both in speech and writing
  4. 4. Characteristics of speech and writing Speech is transient rather tan permanent To understand a message or conversation the interlocutors may not speak at the same time
  5. 5. Writing as a médium can easlily lead people It express is permanent
  6. 6. Speech is additive, speakers add connectors like and.. And,then in a conversation Writing is hierarchically ordered, the most important ideas go on the top of a page according to the cultural convention
  7. 7. Speech is aggregative use of verbal aggregates or formulaic expressions and maintain the contact between interlocutors Writing has come to be viewed as the médium that fosters analysis, logical reasoning and abstract categorization
  8. 8. Speech is redundant, speakers tend to make frequent use of repetition, paraphrase Written language doesn`t have to make such demands on short – term memory, it tends to avoid redundancy
  9. 9. Speech is loosely structured grammatically and is lexically sparse • Writing, by contrast is grammatically compact and lexically dense Speech is characterized by false starts, filled and unfilled pauses, hesitations, parenthetic remarks, unfinished sentences.
  10. 10. Examples  Written Every previous visit had left me with a sense of the futility of further action on my part  Spoken “Whenever I´d visited there before, I´d ended up feeling that it would be futile if I tried to do anything more”
  11. 11. Speech tends to be people centered, speakers not only focus on their topic, but try to engage their listeners as well, and appeal to their senses and emotions. Writers of expositiory prose try to make their messange as clear, unambiguous, coherent, and trustworthy as possible. Other written texts apeal to the reader`s emotions.
  12. 12. Speech, being close to the situation at hand, is context dependent and based on common experience.
  13. 13. Spoken and writing languges may be used in scribbed emo, e- mail informal letter, academic lecture scientific presentation scholary article, and so on The social structure of a discourse community is reflected, constructed and perpetuated by the members use language to define their position

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