Extra creditspeech104

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Extra creditspeech104

  1. 1. Language and Critical Thinking Valerie Salgado-Ho
  2. 2. A good critical thinker uses language thatmeets the needs the expectation of theaudience and is appropriate to…. TIME PLACE PERSON OCCASION
  3. 3. AREAS OF LANGUAGE IMPORTANT TO CRITICAL THINKINGWORD CHOICEAMBIGUITYDEFINITIONINTENSITY
  4. 4. WORD CHOICEThe Whorf-Sapir Hypothesis Thoughts and behaviors are determined and influenced by language Words of a particular language help to determine the way people interpret events that occurs
  5. 5. WORD CHOICEWilliam Haviland “language is not simply an encoding process for voicing our ideas and needs but is rather a shaping process that, by providing habitual grooves of expression which predispose people to see the world in a certain way, guides their thinking and behavior…”
  6. 6. AMBIGUITY Arguers selecting ambiguous language run the risk of being misunderstood and face rejection of their advocated point of view.EUPHEMISM A less direct term used in the place of a more specific term which may be considered offensive Domestic Engineer Housewife Sanitation Worker Janitor Strict Cruel
  7. 7. AMBIGUITY Ambiguous language can cause confusionThe use of phrases such as “new and improved” to createambiguity and interpret as the needs of differentaudiences warrant. Ambiguous language can lead to over generalizing andstereotypingClassification and generalization such as “students don’tcare about learning” creates an ambiguity ceasingindividuality. Ambiguous language can lead to bypassingThe use of different same words to mean different things ordifferent words to represent the same things.
  8. 8. DEFINITIONDenotative Meaning Refers to the way a word is generally used or the meaning that people most frequently attach to a wordConnotative Meaning Refers to the way a person emotionally responds to it
  9. 9. DEFINITIONOperational Definition Functional or operational, what the words mean?Definition by Example Citing specific instances of that word or phraseDefinition by Negation Tells us what a word or phrase is notDefinition by Etymology Citing its historical roots or point of originationSpecial Definition The use of slang and colloquialism
  10. 10. INTENSITY OF LANGUAGE The use of words and phrases that oftennegatively raise the emotional level of anycommunication encounterLanguage that demonstrate irreverence,contempt or disrespect towards other groups ofpeople or religious belief Language that is coarse, vulgar, obscene oroffensive
  11. 11. INTENSITY OF LANGUAGE Being cautious Fat…. is being a Ugly…. coward Stupid… Strong emotive wordsNegative evaluative words Name calling… Insults… Swear words…. Abusive language

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