Cascao Cairo Power Relations Nile Basin
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Cascao Cairo Power Relations Nile Basin

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    Cascao Cairo Power Relations Nile Basin Cascao Cairo Power Relations Nile Basin Presentation Transcript

    • POWER RELATIONS, CONFLICT AND COOPERATION IN THE NILE BASIN Ana Elisa Cascão King’s College of London Presentation to: “ The Curse of Scarcity and Abundance? Water and Oil Wars in the Gulf and Nile Basin ” American University of Cairo 5th April 2008
    • NILE – HYDROLOGY AND POLITICS
      • NILE RIVER BASIN
      • 1 River
      • 2 sub-Basins
      • 10 riparians
      • Unequal contribution
      • Unequal utilisation
      • Disparity of numbers
      Main provider Main user
    • NILE - WATER RESOURCES AVAILABILITY NON-NILE
    • NILE - WATER RESOURCES AVAILABILITY AND UTILISATION
    • DEPENDENCY AND CONTROL
    • INEQUALITIES = CONFLICT? Control Allocation Contribution Utilisation
    • CONFLICT OF INTERESTS Historical and acquired rights Potential needs and uses “ New water” Storage infrastructures Hydropower Irrigation Extreme dependence Water for development CONFLICT OF LANGUAGES
    • POWER RELATIONS MATTER! EGYPT SUDAN ETHIOPIA Geography Geography Geography Material power Material power Material power Bargaining power Bargaining power Bargaining power Ideational power Ideational power Ideational power Two Hydropolitical Dynamics: Hegemony & Counter-Hegemony (Adapted from Zeitoun, 2005)
    • GEOPOLITICS ARE CHANGING! USA CHINA EUROPE SUDAN ETHIOPIA EGYPT World Bank
    • COOPERATION = EQUITY? Equitable utilisation Development Benefits Nile Basin Initiative
    • CURRENT COOPERATION IN THE NILE BASIN
      • NILE BASIN INITIATIVE
      • Since 1999
      • Multilateral cooperation
      • Goal: Project-by-project
      • “ Benefit-sharing”
      • Godfather: World Bank
      • Economic integration
      • COOPERATIVE FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT
      • Since 1997
      • Goal: New Nile Treaty
      • Equitable Utilisation + No harm
      • “ Water-sharing”
      • Constructed Ambiguity
      • Nile Basin Commission = Funding
    • CONFLICT PREVENTION* Planned Water Development Generation of Benefits Downstream Alternative Water Resources Regional Virtual Water Control of expansion of commercial agriculture Relinquish Sovereignty Strong Water Institutions Neutral Knowledge Ethics Multi-level Cooperation New Inclusive Agreeement POLITICAL FLEXIBILITY
    • Thanks for your attention!