LAND DEGRADATIONAND CONSERVATION MEASURES Utkarsh & Ashutosh X ‘C’
Mining activitiesCauses of LandDegradation - 1• Mining sites are abandoned afterexcavation work is complete leavingdeep scars and traces of over-burdening.• In states like Jharkhand,Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh andOrissa deforestation due to mininghave caused severe land degradation.
Causes of LandDegradation - 2•In states like Gujarat, Rajasthan,Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtraovergrazing is one of the main reasonsfor land degradation. An example of Overgrazing• In the states of Punjab, Haryana,western Uttar Pradesh, over irrigationis responsible for land degradation dueto water logging leading to increase insalinity and alkalinity in the soil. An example of Over irrigation
Mineral processingCauses of LandDegradation -3•The mineral processing like grindingof limestone for cement industry andcalcite and soapstone for ceramicindustry generate huge quantity ofdust in the atmosphere. It retards theprocess of infiltration of water into thesoil after it settles down on the land. Industrial effluents•In recent years, industrial effluents aswaste have become a major source ofland and water pollution in many partsof the country.
AfforestationConservation of LandResources - 1• Afforestation and propermanagement of grazing can help tosome extent. Shelter belts of plants• Planting of shelter belts of plants,
Controlling overgrazingConservation of LandResources - 2•Control on overgrazing, Stabilising sand dunes• Stabilisation of sand dunes bygrowing thorny bushes.
Management of waste landsConservation of LandResources - 3•Proper management of waste lands,• Control of mining activities, Controlling mining activities• Proper discharge and disposal ofindustrial effluents and wastes after Proper disposaltreatment.
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