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RMIT MBA, self awareness in management and leadership

RMIT MBA, self awareness in management and leadership

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  • 1. Knowing Yourself the Scientific Way
  • 2. Personality is the stable pattern of behaviour that characterises a person. Burns, 1997
  • 3. Impact of Personality in the Organisation Mix Eysenck’s & Cattel’s Theories • Imply individuals are predisposed to certain personalities • More than that, personalities tend to be constant (therefore difficult to change)
  • 4. Their theories attempt to: ➡ Show underlying personality traits ➡ Explain human behaviour in various situations - trait theories
  • 5. How do they work?
  • 6. Eysenck’s Personality Typology Personality is structured across three dimensions: Extraversion - Intraversion Neuroticism - Stable Psychoticism - Normal Asssessed objectively by the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ)
  • 7. Personality Dimensions Personality dimension scores are related to specific characteristics
  • 8. Extraversion Dimension Extraverts are typically active, sociable, assertive and are carefree Intraverts are the opposite Intraverted Extraverted Traits High Activity Sociability Expressiveness Low Assertiveness Ambition Dogmatism Aggressiveness Costa & Mc Crae, 1995
  • 9. Extraversion Dimension Neurotic personality is associated with high level of negative effect; ie worries, anxieties, irrationality and depression Stable Neurotic Traits High Inferiority Unhappiness Anxiety Low Dependence Hypochondriac Guilt Obsessiveness Costa & Mc Crae, 1995
  • 10. Psychotism Dimension High scores on the psychoticism dimension show capacity for psychotic episodes and non-conforming, reckless, unempathic and creative traits Normal Psychotic Traits High Risk Taking Impulsivity Irresponsibility Low Manipulativeness Tough-mindedness Sensation-seeking Practicality Costa & Mc Crae, 1995
  • 11. Cattel’s Way • Similar to Eysenck, but instead of three primary traits • There are 16! Warmth Social Boldness Openness to Change Reasoning Sensitivity Self-Reliance Emotional Stability Vigilance Perfectionism Dominance Abstractedness Tension Liveliness Privateness Rule-Consciousness Apprehensiveness See more info www.16pfworld.com/primaryfactors.html address also available on links page
  • 12. Global Factors Global Factors were derived from the primary traits These describe the personality on a broader level Extraversion Anxiety Tough-Mindedness Independence Self-Control
  • 13. Measurement The 16PF Questionnaire is like the EPQ Low and high scores on each Global Factor or Traits refer to different behaviours in certain situations
  • 14. Relevance to Work • Both tools can provide foresight - for behavioural preference - individual fit for certain work roles • Can be useful in personnel selection for roles - helps improved efficiency + occupational successes = work contentment
  • 15. That is Eysenck’s & Cattell’s methods Help to find the right person for the job, and the right job for the person
  • 16. What are your Personality Dimensions? See for yourself at: http://similiarminds.com/eysenck.html www.16pfworld.com/primaryfactors.html Addresses also available on links page
  • 17. References Burns, R.B. (1997). Psychology for effective managers. Warriewood: Business and Professional Publishing, Ch 3. Costa & McCrae (1995). Primary Traits of the Eysenck PEN System, J. Personality & Social Psych, 69, 308 Furnham, A. (2008). Personality & Intelligence at Work: Exploring and Explaining Individual Differences at Work. Routledge, East Sussex http://www.trans4mind.com/personality/ Jackson, C.J., Furnham, A., Forde, L. & Cotter, T. (2000). Structure of the EPP, Brit. J. Psych, 91, 223 McKenna, E. (1994). Business & Organisational Behaviour: A Student’s Handbook. Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc Ltd, East Sussex