Comprehension q types

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Comprehension q types

  1. 1. Comprehension
  2. 2. Part 1 ~ Types of Comprehension Questions <ul><li>Direct Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Give direct answers </li></ul><ul><li>Answers will be stated plainly in </li></ul><ul><li>the passage </li></ul><ul><li>Task: locate these answers </li></ul><ul><li>after reading carefully what </li></ul><ul><li>the question is looking for </li></ul>Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing Guide
  3. 3. Types of Comprehension Questions <ul><li>Direct Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: - What was the main reason… - Give two examples… - Quote a sentence… - Explain how… - Write down one word/ </li></ul><ul><li>an expression which </li></ul><ul><li>shows… </li></ul>Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing Guide
  4. 4. <ul><li>2) Inferential Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Read between the lines </li></ul><ul><li>Answers cannot be found directly from the passage </li></ul><ul><li>Make your deduction </li></ul><ul><li>Infer the meaning or answer </li></ul><ul><li>through given words or phrases </li></ul><ul><li>from the passage </li></ul><ul><li>Even from your own general </li></ul><ul><li>knowledge </li></ul>Types of Comprehension Questions Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing Guide
  5. 5. Types of Comprehension Questions <ul><li>Inferential Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: - explain clearly / explain the </li></ul><ul><li>contrast… </li></ul><ul><li>- suggest how… </li></ul><ul><li>- what do you think… - why does the author </li></ul><ul><li>suggest… - what impression… </li></ul>Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing Guide
  6. 6. <ul><li>Rephrasing Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Rewrite in your own words but keep the meaning </li></ul><ul><li>read the phrase or sentence </li></ul><ul><li>in its context in the passage </li></ul><ul><li>so that your explanation is </li></ul><ul><li>appropriate to the situation </li></ul>Types of Comprehension Questions Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing Guide
  7. 7. Types of Comprehension Questions <ul><li>Rephrasing Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: - Explain the term /phrase /sentence… - Explain in your own </li></ul><ul><li>words… </li></ul>Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing Guide
  8. 8. <ul><li>Vocabulary Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Explain word or phrase meaning </li></ul><ul><li>a certain word or phrase is chosen </li></ul><ul><li>from the passage </li></ul><ul><li>You are required to give another </li></ul><ul><li>word or phrase bearing the </li></ul><ul><li>same meaning as the word </li></ul>Types of Comprehension Questions Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing Guide
  9. 9. Types of Comprehension Questions <ul><li>Vocabulary Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: - What does the word suggest about… - What picture do these words </li></ul><ul><li>suggest? - What does the word ‘even’ </li></ul><ul><li>suggest about… </li></ul><ul><li>- What does ‘preserve the </li></ul><ul><li>market’ mean? </li></ul>Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing Guide
  10. 10. End of Part 1
  11. 11. Part 2 ~ Interpreting Text (Thinking Skills) <ul><li>Making an Intelligent Guess </li></ul><ul><li>sometimes, the answer to the question is not given directly in the passage </li></ul><ul><li>instead, clues are given from which you have to guess the answer </li></ul><ul><li>you are required to ‘read between the lines’ and make inferences – intelligent guesses </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. At last, the angry passengers were called to </li></ul><ul><li>board the bus. </li></ul><ul><li>Question : Suggest why the passengers were </li></ul><ul><li>angry. </li></ul><ul><li>(What would be the most likely reason for </li></ul><ul><li>the passengers’ anger?) </li></ul><ul><li>Answer : The passengers were angry because </li></ul><ul><li>the bus was delayed. </li></ul>Adapted from Score in Comprehension O Level by Graeme Spencer
  12. 12. Interpreting Text (Thinking Skills) <ul><li>Two Kinds of Inference </li></ul><ul><li>Logical Inference: based on definition </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. She cried as she stood beside the grave. </li></ul><ul><li>Question : Where was she when </li></ul><ul><li>she stood beside the grave? </li></ul><ul><li>Answer : A cemetery (because </li></ul><ul><li>a cemetery is where you find </li></ul><ul><li>graves) </li></ul>Adapted from Score in Comprehension O Level by Graeme Spencer
  13. 13. Interpreting Text (Thinking Skills) <ul><li>Two Kinds of Inference </li></ul><ul><li>Empirical Inference: based on observation </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. She cried as she stood beside the grave. </li></ul><ul><li>Question : Why was she crying? </li></ul><ul><li>Answer : Because someone she cared </li></ul><ul><li>for had died . (If you see someone </li></ul><ul><li>crying near a grave, you would guess </li></ul><ul><li>that this was the case.) </li></ul><ul><li>Also, remember that inference will </li></ul><ul><li>always require an “own words” </li></ul><ul><li>answer </li></ul>Adapted from Score in Comprehension O Level by Graeme Spencer
  14. 14. End of Part 2
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