Venetian Renaissance: Believed they were superior to Florence and Rome Greatest commercial sea power in the Mediterranean Protected by water Controlled the sea routes on the Adriatic Sea Wealthy and secure patrons of the arts Byzantine heritage promoted glorious patterns that underscored light and color Contributed textiles, gold, enamel glass, mosaic, fine printing and bookbinding in encouraging the arts. First to use oil on wood and canvas First to cover walls with paintings instead of frescos
Giovanni Bellini, Portrait of Doge Leonardo Loredan, 1501-1502, Venice
Titian, The Pastoral Concert or Allegory on the Invention of Pastoral Poetry, 1510, Venice
Lavina Fontana, Noli me Tangere, 1581,Bologna, Italy
Art and the Counter Reformation: Under Pope Clement VII Charles V attacked Rome . Vatican had underestimated the powerful Reformation Finally Pope Paul III recognized the Protestant movement in order to protect the Vatican. He convened the Council of Trent (1545-1549) to: investigate corruption define the Catholic canon initiate disciplinary reforms regulate the training of clerics limited Christian art destroyed many works. Pope Paul III instituted the Inquisition Hence, art became a powerful weapon of propaganda.
Michelangelo, Last Judgment, Sistine Chapel, 1536-1541