Venetian, Mannerism and the Counter Reformation ppt
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  • 1. Venetian Renaissance Art
    16th Century
  • 2. Venetian Renaissance:
    Believed they were superior to Florence and Rome
    Greatest commercial sea power in the Mediterranean
    Protected by water
    Controlled the sea routes on the Adriatic Sea
    Wealthy and secure patrons of the arts
    Byzantine heritage promoted glorious patterns that underscored light and color
    Contributed textiles, gold, enamel glass, mosaic, fine printing and bookbinding in encouraging the arts.
    First to use oil on wood and canvas
    First to cover walls with paintings instead of frescos
  • 3. Giovanni Bellini, Portrait of Doge Leonardo Loredan, 1501-1502, Venice
  • 4. Giorgione, The Tempest, c.1506, Venice
  • 5. Titian, The Pastoral Concert or Allegory on the Invention of Pastoral Poetry, 1510, Venice
  • 6. Lavina Fontana,
    Noli me Tangere,
    1581,Bologna, Italy
  • 7. Art and the Counter Reformation:
    Under Pope Clement VII Charles V attacked Rome .
    Vatican had underestimated the powerful Reformation
    Finally Pope Paul III recognized the Protestant movement in order to protect the Vatican.
    He convened the Council of Trent (1545-1549) to:
    investigate corruption
    define the Catholic canon
    initiate disciplinary reforms
    regulate the training of clerics
    limited Christian art
    destroyed many works.
    Pope Paul III instituted the Inquisition
    Hence, art became a powerful weapon of propaganda.
  • 8. Michelangelo, Last Judgment, Sistine Chapel, 1536-1541
  • 9.
  • 10. Veronese, Feast in the House of Levi, 1573, Rectory of Santi Giovanni e Paolo. Venice
  • 11. Titian,
    “Venus” of Urbino,, c.1538
    1538, Venice
  • 12. Mannerism
    1520- 1573
  • 13. Mannerism: from Maneria meaning “style”
    Titled by Art Historians after Raphael’s death in 1520
    • anti-Classicism
    • 14. spurious
    • 15. grace
    • 16. elegance
    • 17. manipulated and altered formal convention
    • 18. contrived compositions
    • 19. illogical spatial surroundings
    • 20. elongated proportions
    • 21. complicated
    • 22. artificial poses
    • 23. enigmatic gestures
    • 24. dreamy expressions
    • 25. distortion
    • 26. Delicate colors
    • 27. Polished surfaces
    • 28. dizzying, diagonal plunges into the depth of the painting
    • Works revealed quoted references to works of illustrious predecessors.
    • 29. Patrons’ preferred esoteric subjects; accomplished technical virtuosity; and the pursuit of aestheticism.
    • 30. Architecture disregarded uniformity and balance but used Classical orders in alternative ways.
  • Pantormo, Entombment,
    1525-1528, CapponiFamily Chapel, Florence
  • 31. Parmigianino, Madonna with the Long Neck, 1534-1540, Parma, Italy
  • 32. Tintoretto, Last Supper, 1592-1594, Church of An Giorgio, Maggiore, Venice
  • 33. Bronzino, Allegory with Venus and Cupid, 1540-1545, Florence
  • 34. Bronzino, Portrait of a Young Man,
    1540-1545, Florence
  • 35. SofonisbaAnguissola,
    c. 1552, Bologna,
    2 ½” X 3 ¼”
    • “…an excellent painter of portraits above all the painters of this time”
    • 36. Anthony Van Dyck sketched her in Palermo and explained, she advised him on not positioning the light too high because the strong shadows would reveal her wrinkles.”
  • Correggio, Assumption of the Virgin, 1526-1530, Parma, Italy
  • 37.
  • 38. El Greco, Burial of the Count of Orgaz, 1586-1588, Spain