Mannerism & Baroque

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Mannerism & Baroque

  1. 1. Mannerism, Baroque, & Rococo
  2. 2. Northern Art <ul><li>A refresher: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Class had money to spend on art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Art depicted the common man at work and at play (rather than raising them to the level of gods like Michelangelo did) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also included still life paintings, landscapes, and portraits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Key Artists: Van Eyck, Bosch, Bruegel, Vermeer, Rembrandt </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Mannerism <ul><li>= Late 16 th -century (the bridge between Renaissance and Baroque art) </li></ul><ul><li>The Ninja Turtle artists had mastered reality, so how do you top that? </li></ul><ul><li>Mannerists tried emphasizing style (“manner”) over substance. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Show off technique & smooth brushwork </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Figures twist and squirm so the artist can show off </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Parmigianino, The Madonna with Long Neck , 1535
  5. 5. Baroque Art <ul><li>Time Split: </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance = simplicity & balance </li></ul><ul><li>Baroque = charged with emotions </li></ul><ul><li>------------- </li></ul><ul><li>Geography Split: </li></ul><ul><li>Northern Protestants painted simple scenes </li></ul><ul><li>Southern Europe went over-the-top exuberant </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Large canvases </li></ul><ul><li>Bright colors </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of flesh </li></ul><ul><li>Rippling motion </li></ul><ul><li>Wild emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Grand themes </li></ul><ul><li>and pudgy winged babies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>= Baroque! </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Bernini (1598-1680) <ul><li>Practically invented Baroque </li></ul><ul><li>Rome is covered with fountains and sculptures by him. </li></ul><ul><li>Makes supernatural events realistic </li></ul><ul><li>Captures the action at the most dramatic, emotional moment </li></ul><ul><li>Sculpted scenes, rather than stand-alone individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Classical themes (Catholic/Greek Myths) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Bernini Apollo and Daphne 1622
  9. 9. Bernini Ecstasy of St. Theresa 1647
  10. 10. Bernini David 1623
  11. 11. Rubens (1577-1640) <ul><li>Peter Paul Rubens: Painting :: Bernini: Sculpture </li></ul><ul><li>Loved giant canvases – larger-than-life scale </li></ul><ul><li>Loved any scenes that would get your blood pumping – battles, miracles, hunts, rapes, and especially fleshy women (“Rubenesque”) modeled after his wife. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Rubens The Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus 1618
  13. 13. Rubens The Massacre of the Innocents 1636
  14. 14. Carvaggio (1573-1610) <ul><li>Lived on the edge of society – he killed a man over an argument in a tennis match and spent years as an outlaw </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of prettiness, Carvaggio emphasized grittiness. </li></ul><ul><li>Strong contrast between light and dark (Rembrandt learned this trick from him) </li></ul><ul><li>Not flattering light – more like harsh interrogation light </li></ul>
  15. 15. Carvaggio David with the Head of Goliath 1605
  16. 16. Velazquez (1599-1660) <ul><li>Court painter for Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Became the king’s friend and art teacher! </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of the exuberant scenes from the other Baroque guys, Velazquez painted mostly portraits. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Velazquez Las Meninas (the Maids of Honor) 1656
  18. 18. Versailles
  19. 19. Versailles: The Palace of Palaces <ul><li>Capital of France from 1682-1789 </li></ul><ul><li>Cost = 6 months of France’s total income </li></ul><ul><li>A feat of landscaping: swamps filled in, hills moved, a river re-routed </li></ul><ul><li>All Baroque style (gold, ornate, painted, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Manicured, perfect gardens with 1,500 fountains </li></ul><ul><li>A zoo of exotic animals! </li></ul><ul><li>The famous Hall of Mirrors </li></ul>
  20. 21. The Hall of Mirrors <ul><li>Mirrors were still a luxery and this place had 17 mirrors stretched over 250 feet! </li></ul><ul><li>It’s no longer a sin to be proud of good looks and fine clothes. </li></ul><ul><li>The Hall is also where Otto von Bismark declared the establishment of the Germany empire and where the Treaty of Versailles was signed to end WWI. </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>The foreign monarchs and rulers who visited Versailles wanted their own versions. </li></ul><ul><li>Their spin-offs and the art that came under Louis XV was called… </li></ul>
  22. 23. Rococo <ul><li>Style of the 18 th Century (that’s the 1700s) </li></ul><ul><li>Like Baroque that’s been run through the wash - Lighter, frillier, and more delicate with pastel colors </li></ul><ul><li>Paintings show rosy-cheeked lords and ladies at play in classical gardens among the gods </li></ul>
  23. 24. Jean-Honore Fragonard The Swing 1767
  24. 25. Francois Boucher The Toilette of Venus 1751

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