Baroque Art

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Baroque art in Europe

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Baroque Art

  1. 1. BAROQUE ARTBAROQUE ART 1717THTH - 18- 18THTH CENTURIESCENTURIES
  2. 2. WHERE DID IT APPEAR? It started in Italy at the end of the 16th century. WHERE DOES “BAROQUE” COME FROM? Pejorative word to define an exuberant and exaggerated art in contrast with Renaissance art and New Classicism. CHRONOLOGY Predominant art style during the 17th century and part of the 18th century COLLEGIATE CHURCH OF CATANIA, ITALY
  3. 3. DIFFERENCES WITH RENAISSANCE ART RENAISSANCE ART BAROQUE ART -BALANCE -IDEAL OF BEAUTY -SIMPLICITY -PROPORTIONS -STRAIGHT LINES -PREDOMINANCE OF DRAWING OVER COLOUR AND LIGHT -MOVEMENT -REALISM IN REPRESENTATIONS -COMPLEXITY -INTEREST IN SURPRISING THE AUDIENCE - CURVED LINES, CONCAVE AND CONVEX -PREDOMINANCE OF COLOUR AND LIGHT OVER DRAWING
  4. 4. BAROQUE ART was… A reflection of society ART OF ABSOLUTE MONARCHIES ART OF THE COUNTER-REFORMATION (CATHOLIC COUNTRIES) BOURGEOIS ART (PROTESTANT COUNTRIES)
  5. 5. ARCHITECTURE MAIN PURPOSE: CREATE SENSATION OF MOVEMENT IN BUILDINGS USE OF CURVED LINES SPIRALS ELLIPTIC AND OVAL FLOOR PLANS SOLOMONIC COLUMNS CONTRAST OF LIGHTS AND SHADOWS RECESSES AND PROTRUSIONS SPLIT PEDIMENTS DECORATIVE ELEMENTS LIKE GARLANDS, MEDALLIONS , ORGANIC MOTIFS…
  6. 6. SQUARE AND COLONNADE OF SAINT PETER OF THE VATICAN GIANLORENZO BERNINI ITALY
  7. 7. BALDACHIN OF SAINT PETER OF THE VATICAN SCALA REGIA OF SAINT PETER OF THE VATICAN CHURCH OF SANT’ ANDREA AL QUIRINALE
  8. 8. CHURCH OF SAN CARLO ALLE QUATTRO FONTANE FRANCESCO BORROMINI
  9. 9. FRANCE LE VAU, MANSART AND LE NÔTRE HALL OF THE MIRRORS VERSAILLES PALACE
  10. 10. VERSAILLES PALACE GARDENS
  11. 11. HÔTEL DES INVALIDES LES NVALIDES CHURCH IN PARIS LIBÉRAL BRUANT AND JACQUES HARDOUIN MANSART
  12. 12. SCULPTURE MAIN PURPOSES: REPRESENTING MOVEMENT, CAPTURING FLEETING MOMENTS, PROVOKING SURPRISE AND EMOTION TO THE AUDIENCE. MAIN FEATURES: USE OF CURVED LINES AND CLOTH FOLDS TO INTENSIFY THE SENSATION OF MOVEMENT.
  13. 13. APOLLO AND DAPHNE, GIANLORENZO BERNINI
  14. 14. ECSTASY OF SAINT THERESA, GIANLORENZO BERNINI
  15. 15. TOMB OF URBAN VIII, GIANLORENZO BERNINI
  16. 16. TOMB OF ALEXANDER VII, GIANLORENZO BERNINI
  17. 17. FONTANA DI TREVI, NICOLA SALVI
  18. 18. FONTANA DI TREVI, NICOLA SALVI
  19. 19. FOUNTAIN OF THE NEWT, BERNINI
  20. 20. FOUNTAIN OF THE FOUR RIVERS, BERNINI
  21. 21. PAINTING MAIN FEATURES -USE OF OIL PAINTING -PREDOMINANCE OF COLOUR AND LIGHT OVER DRAWING -CHIAROSCURO: CONTRASTS OF LIGHT AND SHADOW -REALISTIC REPRESENTATIONS -MOVEMENT -COMPLEX COMPOSITIONS (FORESHORTENED FIGURES, ASYMMETRY, CURVED LINES…) -INTEREST IN SHOCKING OR SURPRISING THE AUDIENCE
  22. 22. THE CONVERSION OF SAINT PAUL ON THE WAY TO DAMASCUS ITALY CARAVAGGIO THE CRUCIFIXION OF SAINT PETER
  23. 23. THE ENTOMBMENT OF CHRIST THE CALLING OF SAINT MATTHEW
  24. 24. DEATH OF THE VIRGIN JUDITH BEHEADING HOLOFERNES
  25. 25. THE THREE GRACES, FLANDERS PETER PAUL RUBENS THE DESCENT FROM THE CROSS
  26. 26. THE ADORATION OF THE MAGI THE DUKE OF LERMA
  27. 27. HERCULES DRUNK, BEING LED AWAY BY A NYMPH SATURN DEVOURING HIS SON
  28. 28. REMBRANDT VAN RIJN 22 YEARS OLD WITH TWO CIRCLES 63 YEARS OLD More self-portraits: http://www.rembrandtpainting.net/rembrandt_self_portraits.htm LOW COUNTRIES
  29. 29. ANATOMY LESSON OF DR. NICOLAES TULP, REMBRANDT
  30. 30. SYNDICS OF THE DRAPERS´ GUILD, REMBRANDT
  31. 31. THE SLAUGHTERED OX, REMBRANDT
  32. 32. THE NIGHT WATCH, REMBRANDT
  33. 33. THE LACEMAKER JOHANNES VERMEER GIRL READING A LETTER AT AN OPEN WINDOW
  34. 34. THE MILKMAID GIRL WITH A PEARL EARRING
  35. 35. ALLEGORY OF THE ART OF PAINTING THE GEOGRAPHER

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