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Rennaisance y


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Rennaisance y

  1. 1. The Renaissance
  2. 2.  Mongols reopen Silk Road  Marco Polo visits China, returns to Europe, writes a book  Causes people to want to go there and get Chinese goods Positives of Black Death  No damage to farmland, goods, metals  People are happy to be alive and spend money to erase memories of the plague Ottoman Turks conquer Byzantine Empire  Scholars flee to Italy with ancient texts of the Greeks and Romans
  3. 3. Early spread(through Italy)Later spreadFlorence
  4. 4. Renaissance architects took inspiration from buildings of classic antiquity. The emphasis is placed upon symmetry, proportion, and regularity of parts.Basilica of St Peter, VaticanRebuild during Renaissance
  5. 5.  Major trading cities: Milan, Florence, Genoa, Venice Florence wealthy from wool and banking  Medici family were bankers with political power  Hired artists and architects to make Florence great
  6. 6. Florence Florence, the preeminent Italian city-state in the fifteenth century, was home to the powerful Medici family, whose wealth derived from their considerable banking interests Although the Medici never ruled Florence outright, over the course of 76 years (1418-1494), they moulded and manipulated, controlled and Florence Cathedral. Begun 1296 on original cajoled, persuaded and provoked plan by Arnolfo di Cambio; redesigned 1357 the citizens of Florence and 1366 by Francesco Talenti, Andrea Orcagna, and Neri di Fioravanti; dome 1420-- 1436 by Filippo Brunelleschi; baptistery, late 11th--early 12th century; campanile ca. 1334-- 1350 by Giotto, Andrea Pisano, and Francesco Talenti. Height at bronze ball atop lantern, 350.
  7. 7. Lorenzo Ghiberti(1378-1455)
  8. 8. Pierro della Francesca“View of an Ideal City”
  9. 9.
  10. 10. Essential characteristic of the renaissance art, is that it develops highly realistic linear perspective. Creation of Adam, fresco fragment in Sistine Chapel, Vatican By Michelangelo
  11. 11.  Sculptor, architect, town planner, inventor, engineer, mapmaker, painted Mona Lisa
  12. 12.  According to Vitruvius, if: the human head is 1/8th of the height of an idealized figure then, the human body itself fits into the ideal musical interval of the octave, the interval that gives the impression of duplicating the original note at a higher or lower pitch Leonardo illustrated how the human figure generates both the circle and the square
  13. 13.  wrote poetry, carved sculptures, painted ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
  14. 14. Title: Interior, Sistine Chapel, Vatican, Rome, Vatican, Rome Source/ Museum: n/aArtist: n/a Medium: n/aDate: Built 1475-1481. Ceiling painted 1508-1512; wall behind altar painted 1536-1541 Size: n/a
  15. 15. Campidoglio, Michelangelo’s façade, 1537 Rome
  16. 16. Tempietto 1502Bramante, Rome
  17. 17. Tempietto 1502 Bramante, Rome
  18. 18. Other Famous Domes Il Duomo St. Peter’s St. Paul’s US capital(Florence) (Rome) (London) (Washington)
  19. 19. Title: Villa Rotonda ( Villa Capra), Vicenza, Italy Source/ Museum: n/aArtist: Andrea Palladio Medium: n/aDate: Begun 1550 Size: n/a
  20. 20. Title: Capponi Chapel, Church of Santa Felicità, Florence Source/ Museum: n/aArtist: Early Renaissance Chapel by Filippo Brunellschi; Tondos, Murals, and altarpiece by Pontormo Medium: fresco and oil on panelDate: Chapel: 1419-1423. Pontormo, tondos with the four evangelists and mural painting of the Annunciation, on the Size: n/awindow wall, 1525-1528; Pontormo, The Deposition, 1525-1527
  21. 21. Title: Façade of the Church of II Gesù, Rome Source/ Museum: n/aArtist: Giacomo da Vignola and Giacomo della Porta. Medium: n/aDate: Begun on Vignolas design in 1568; completed by della Porta c.1575-84 Size: n/a
  22. 22. Title: Elements of Architecture: Parts of the Church Façade Source/ Museum: n/aArtist: n/a Medium: n/aDate: n/a Size: n/a