Lauren Alexander Augustine - Disaster Resilience A National Imperative

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Keynote "The National Imperative"
Lauren Alexander Augustine, Associate Executive Director, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, Washington D.C., USA

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Lauren Alexander Augustine - Disaster Resilience A National Imperative

  1. 1. Disaster Resilience: A National Imperative An Approach to a National Strategy for Resilience Lauren Alexander Augustine, Ph.D. Office of Special Projects for Risk and Resilience of Extreme Events August 29, 2013
  2. 2. NEED TO GROUND RESILIENCE IN REAL- WORLD DECISION MAKING Bottom Line
  3. 3. NOW IS GOOD. …and…
  4. 4. Building a National Strategy for Resilience
  5. 5. The Resilience landscape is messy
  6. 6. Who owns Resilience in the US? • FEMA • DHS • HUD • White House • ? • EPA • Park/Wildlife Service • Forest Service • ? • Nuclear Regulatory Commission • Dept of Energy • ? • States • Local gov’t • Private sector • Individuals • ?
  7. 7. What does Resilience Mean to You?
  8. 8. (…just kidding…) • The point is that talking about resilience will yield many diverse opinions • Sometimes people like to talk about differences and try to get to broad agreement
  9. 9. There is a time to talk and a time to act Now is the time to act.
  10. 10. HOW? Great.
  11. 11. To build a national strategy, we need to know… • ...how resilient are we now? (baseline conditions) • …who is responsible for building and implementing resilience? • …against what do we want to be resilient? • …who are the best partners to help us become resilient? • …how can you tell if you are resilient?
  12. 12. Disaster Resilience: A National Imperative
  13. 13. The Report Defines Resilience as: The ability to prepare and plan for, absorb, recover from, or more successfully adapt to actual or potential adverse events
  14. 14. The Report Distilled to Four Recommendations Four pillars emerged from the study: • Measure resilience in communities • Build community coalitions • Manage and communicate risk • Share information and data to build resilient communities
  15. 15. Bigger Picture To Build a Culture of Resilience, or as the PPD- 8 Mitigation Federal Leadership Group has interpreted it: “create a national culture shift towards resilience…”
  16. 16. Four pillars… …a national strategy does not make. Let’s start with what we know
  17. 17. Target Audience Decision makers at all levels
  18. 18. Given #1 Decision makers are responsible to their stakeholders
  19. 19. Given #2 Decision makers determine where and how to make investments to buy down risk or build resilience
  20. 20. Given #3 Decision makers are accountable to their stakeholders
  21. 21. Given #4 Decision makers must be able to explain or defend their investment decisions.
  22. 22. THREE QUESTIONS Decision Makers Face
  23. 23. Three Questions 1. Whether to make investments in building resilience/understanding consequences of not making such investments? 2. Where and how to make investments to build resilience? 3. How to explain or defend those investments to build resilience?
  24. 24. Disaster Resilience: A National Imperative
  25. 25. The Report Distilled to Four Recommendations Four pillars: • Manage and communicate risk • Share information and data to build resilient communities • Measure resilience in communities • Build community coalitions
  26. 26. Pillar #1: Communicate and understand risk Q1: Whether to make investments in building resilience/understanding consequences of not making such investments • What risk presents the most troublesome consequences? • How likely is that risk? • How do decision makers understand that risk? • How do decision makers communicate that risk to their stakeholders? • How do the understanding and communication of risk translate into the management of risk?
  27. 27. Pillar #2: Share Data and Information Q2: Where and how to make investments to build resilience? Good decisions are made with good information • Identify sources of reliable, complete, useful data and information • Have access to those data and information • Share information that they have with others building resilience • Maintain quality information for sharing and exchange
  28. 28. Pillar #3: Measures of Resilience Q3: How to explain or defend those investments to build resilience? • Determine current or baseline conditions in relation to that risk • Determine what resilience levels would be acceptable to that risk and what resilience levels would be unacceptable for that risk • Determine milestones for movement from baseline towards acceptable levels of resilience
  29. 29. Pillar #4: Partnerships and Coalitions Nobody can do it alone; and everyone is being asked to do more with less • Identify suitable partners to help build resilience • Cultivate partnerships in the private sector, public sector, academia, community groups, faith-based groups, educational organizations… • Maintain communication partners and experts
  30. 30. WHAT DO WE DO? ..so…?
  31. 31. At the National Academies… Building on the Resilience Study • Strong interest in finding ways to test, implement, and enact the pillars and recommendations of the report • Find new ways to build coalitions across jurisdictions and different types of decision makers • Build coalitions to make a positive difference and increase community resilience
  32. 32. A New Program towards a Resilient America A Resilience Program is taking shape at the National Academies to build coalitions among public-private-research sectors and design and implement activities that build national resilience. • Builds on public-private partnerships with federal, local government, and for- and not-for-profit organizations • Works with communities across the US initially, with plans and ideas to expand to international communities, as well • Broaden empirical data sets—establish a set of “living laboratories” • In design phase now, with plans to launch in 2014 • Initial 3-year phase
  33. 33. Purpose Work with decision makers to answer 3 questions 1. Whether to make investments in building resilience/understanding consequences of not making such investments? 2. Where and how to make investments to build resilience? 3. How to explain or defend those investments to build resilience? Using the 4 pillars 1. Communicate and understand risk 2. Measure resilience 3. Build coalitions and partnerships 4. Share information and data To help decision makers build resilience across the US
  34. 34. Expected Outcomes  Understand baseline community resilience conditions  Understand how decision makers set goals and milestones in order to improve the decision making processes  Design in flexibility for adaptive management  Improve ways that resilience progress is measured  Document and share lessons, approaches, successes and failures
  35. 35. Immediate Next Steps at the National Academy of Sciences • Next Week: September 5, 2013. Joint workshop between NAS and World Economic Forum: Advancing Resilience through Public- Private Partnerships http://www.tvworldwide.com/events/nas/130905/ http://www.surveygizmo.com/s3/1313009/Registration-for- Building-Resilience-to-Catastrophic-Risks-through-Public-Private- Partnerships-September-5-2013-NAS-Building-Washington-DC
  36. 36. NEED TO GROUND RESILIENCE IN REAL- WORLD DECISION MAKING Bottom Line
  37. 37. QUESTIONS? Now is good. Let’s move.

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