Aztec Social Structure

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Aztec Social Structure

  1. 1. AZTEC SOCIETY Mr. Ralston | Social Studies 8-Beginning of Chapter 8-pg 262-268
  2. 2. Aztec Society <ul><li>Highly Structured </li></ul><ul><li>Based on agriculture, trade and guided by religion. </li></ul><ul><li>Aztec societies dominated by Pyramids topped with temples where human sacrifices provided the gods with the human blood. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sacrifice Throwing Victims down Stairs Towers devoted to the Gods
  4. 4. Aztec Society <ul><li>Hierarchical </li></ul>3 Social Classes Pipiltin (Upper Class) Macehualtin (Commoners) Mayeques (Commoners) <ul><li>Nobility </li></ul><ul><li>High Ranking Warriors </li></ul><ul><li>High Ranking Priests </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Class </li></ul><ul><li>Peasants </li></ul><ul><li>Tlacotin (Slaves) </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Division of Clans: Pipiltin Priests, Warriors & Nobles Commoners Macehualtin & Mayeques
  6. 6. Nobility <ul><li>The Ruling class </li></ul><ul><li>Top positions in government, army and priesthood </li></ul><ul><li>Emperor was #1 </li></ul><ul><li>Expected to conduct themselves exemplary way. </li></ul><ul><li>Punished more severely if they were disobedient. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Commoners <ul><li>Middle Class (Macehualtin) </li></ul><ul><li>Could improve status by gaining recognition in the military, becoming a priest, merchant, artisans or trader. </li></ul><ul><li>Warriors were seen as equals to the Nobility </li></ul>
  8. 8. Commoners <ul><li>Peasants (Mayeques) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Worked land of the nobles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Built and maintained temples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paid taxes and tribute. They could keep what was left over. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Commoners <ul><ul><li>Tlacotin (Slaves) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowest of the Low </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nobody born a slave – sold self if they could not afford to pay debts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Owners only owned the work they did </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slaves could buy back freedom </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Priests <ul><li>Boys from all classes could study to become priests </li></ul><ul><li>Top Ranking positions reserved for The Pipiltin. </li></ul><ul><li>Most important job is to offer Human Sacrifice to the Gods </li></ul><ul><li>Men in priesthood did not marry </li></ul><ul><li>Women Priests received specific jobs worshiping goddesses </li></ul>
  11. 11. Gender Roles <ul><ul><li>Could do crafts, run business and control their own property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Received legal protection from marital abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If marriage ended women had automatic custody of children. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cared for household and family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could not have a position of power </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Gender Roles <ul><li>Men </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did physical work and were forced to join the army when soldiers were needed. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Children </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Start work at roughly age 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Girls married in mid-teens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boys married in late teens/early twenties </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Education <ul><li>Free for all </li></ul><ul><li>Taught religious rituals, singing, dancing and music </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passed traditions from one generation to the next </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most information passed through stories </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Separate schools for nobles and the Macehualtin. </li></ul><ul><li>Schooled from early teens till marriage. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Gender Roles in Education <ul><li>Boys and Girls were taught separately! </li></ul><ul><li>Boys Learned </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational skills </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Religious practices </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of good citizenship </li></ul><ul><li>Elements of warfare </li></ul><ul><li>How to be a warrior </li></ul><ul><li>Girls Learned </li></ul><ul><li>To manage households for their spouses </li></ul><ul><li>Spinning and weaving </li></ul><ul><li>Morality </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Traditions </li></ul>

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