2014-03-19 International OER Advocacy Workshop

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2014-03-19 International OER Advocacy Workshop

  1. 1. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition OER Advocacy Workshop Nicole Allen Director of Open Education, SPARC OER Policy Workshop (#OERPolicyWorks) March 19, 2014 Warsaw, Poland
  2. 2. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Agenda • 9:30 Overview of Day • 9:45 Advocacy Basics • 10:00 Overview: Campaign Development • 10:15 Breakouts: Campaign Development • 11:15 Break • 11:30 Share: Campaign Development • 12:30 Overview: Campaign Strategy • 12:45 Lunch
  3. 3. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Agenda • 13:45 Breakouts: Campaign Strategy • 14:30 Share: Campaign Strategy • 15:15 Overview: Campaign Communication • 15:30 Breakouts: Campaign Communication • 16:15 Share: Campaign Communication • 16:45 Evaluation and next steps • 17:00 End
  4. 4. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Goals • Learn an effective model for developing campaigns • Begin planning your own policy campaign • Exchange ideas and receive feedback with other participants
  5. 5. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Deliverables Each country should have a (mostly) complete campaign outline. There are two options: • Written on worksheets, which we’ll photocopy before you leave • Google doc: http://sparc.arl.org/resource/oerpolicywork s
  6. 6. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Advocacy Basics
  7. 7. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Advocacy To take actions or make arguments to advance (or deter) the passage of a policy, or implementation of a policy.
  8. 8. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policy “A definite course or method of action selected from among alternatives and in light of given conditions to guide and determine present and future decisions.‖ (Merriam Webster Dictionary)
  9. 9. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policy “A definite course or method of action selected from among alternatives and in light of given conditions to guide and determine present and future decisions.‖ (Merriam Webster Dictionary)
  10. 10. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policy vs. Program
  11. 11. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policy vs. Program
  12. 12. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policy vs. Program
  13. 13. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policy vs. Program
  14. 14. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policy Forum The system in which a policy operates — federal/state/local government, institution, corporation, etc.
  15. 15. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Decision Makers Entities in charge of making the decision to pass a policy (or how to implement a policy).
  16. 16. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Stakeholders Outside entities affected by a policy’s implementation.
  17. 17. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Typical OER Stakeholders • Students • Professors/Teachers • Colleges/Universities/Schools • Bookstores (for Higher Ed) • Publishers
  18. 18. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Part 1: Campaign Development
  19. 19. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Campaign Development • Status Quo • Problem • Vision • Solution • Barriers
  20. 20. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Status Quo The way things are now.
  21. 21. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Defining Status Quo • Who selects content? • Who purchases content? • Where does the funding come from? • Do all students have access to content? • Is content up to date? • Is content locally relevant? • Does content support teaching & learning?
  22. 22. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Status Quo • Who selects content? – Individual professors • Who purchases content? – Individual students*** • Where does the funding come from – Students themselves, with support from public & private grants and loans • Do all students have access to content – No, many skip or delay buying books
  23. 23. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Status Quo • Is content up to date? – Generally yes, but in some subjects can be 3-4 years out of date • Is content locally relevant? – Generally relevant to Americans, but not always to local areas • Does content support teaching & learning? – Generally the quality is good, but the problem is that students can’t afford access
  24. 24. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Problem What is wrong with the status quo?
  25. 25. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Problem • The cost of textbooks has risen rapidly, leaving too many students unable to afford their materials. The result can be lower grades, longer time to graduation, and student debt. • Textbook companies can drive up prices because students are a captive market, and professors are not always aware that more affordable options are available. • The largest companies are curtailing the benefits of technology by putting heavy restrictions on digital materials and blocking innovators from entering the market.
  26. 26. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Vision How would the world look if the problem didn’t exist?
  27. 27. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Vision • Technology makes it possible to distribute information to a worldwide audience at virtually no cost, and to enable new, better ways of teaching and learning. OER is the most effective way to leverage that potential. • In a perfect world, higher education would make widespread use of OER expanding affordable access to textbooks, enabling instructors to adapt materials to improve teaching, and supporting new sustainable publishing models.
  28. 28. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Solution What specific change or series of changes could bring the world closer to your vision?
  29. 29. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Solution • The key to solving the problem is to get more professors to seek, consider and adopt OER. • Specifically for that to be possible, professors need both high quality content and support for identifying, reviewing and adapting it to their course.
  30. 30. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Barriers What customs, policies, behaviors, or entities stand in the way of your solution?
  31. 31. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Barriers • Lack of funding or expertise to provide the kind of support faculty need to transition to OER • Uneven availability of high quality ready-to-use open textbooks • Faculty perceptions that OER are low quality • Limited awareness of OER at colleges and universities
  32. 32. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Breakout Groups Fill out the Campaign Development form for the situation in your country. Google Docs/Downloads: http://sparc.arl.org/resource/oerpolicywo rks
  33. 33. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Share Tell the group what you came up with for Campaign Development. Google Docs/Downloads: http://sparc.arl.org/resource/oerpolicywo rks
  34. 34. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Part 2: Campaign Strategy
  35. 35. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Campaign Strategy • Policy Proposal • Target • Timeframe • Allies/Opposition • Resources • Influencers • Strategy • Tactics Goal
  36. 36. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policy Proposal What policy will you propose to implement your solution?
  37. 37. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Types of OER Policy 1. Invest resources explicitly in the creation or adoption of OER 2. Inject open licensing into systems that create educational resources 3. Endorse or call for OER 4. Remove barriers to OER * This is a working theory, let’s see if it holds true outside the U.S. *
  38. 38. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policy Ideas • Funding OER pilot programs • Diverting textbook funding to develop/deploy OER instead • Open licensing policies for materials created by professors or with public funds • Adding OER to strategic plans
  39. 39. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Policy Proposal • Federally-funded grant program to support the creation, improvement and adoption of OER.
  40. 40. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Target Who is the specific decision maker, or group of decision makers, that has the power to pass your policy proposal?
  41. 41. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Target Ideas • National government (incl. ministers) • Provincial/local governments • Leaders of schools/universities • Funders of research/development
  42. 42. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example Target • Generally, U.S. Congress • Specifically, members of the House and Senate committees that work on higher education
  43. 43. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Timeframe When do you seek to pass your policy proposal?
  44. 44. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Timeframe • In this case, we want to get the bill attached to the “reauthorization” of our Higher Education Act, so the timeframe will be dependent on that.
  45. 45. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Goal Your policy proposal put in terms of a target and a timeframe. ―Get [target] to [pass policy proposal] by [timeframe].‖
  46. 46. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Goal • Get the U.S. Congress to pass a grant program funding the creation, improvement, and use of open textbooks when it passes the Higher Education Act reauthorization bill.
  47. 47. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Allies/Opposition What people and organizations are on your side? Who is against you?.
  48. 48. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Allies • Student organizations • Other OER Groups: Creative Commons, etc. • Senator Durbin, Congressman Hinojosa • A few college groups • Open textbook publishers • Faculty groups?
  49. 49. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Opposition • Publishers, incl. companies and trade associations • Politicians who oppose federal spending
  50. 50. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Resources What resources – including money, manpower, connections, etc. – do you and your allies have available?
  51. 51. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Resources • Hewlett Foundation grant • SPARC reserve budget • 100+ U.S. SPARC library members in 45/50 states • Good contacts with the press • Open Access Working Group (OA coalition) • Legislative action software
  52. 52. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Influencers What entities and ideas can influence your target to make the decision you want them to make?
  53. 53. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Influencers • American voters, specifically those in the states/districts of our targets. – Students/Parents – Professors – Colleges • The press • Powerful members of Congress • In some cases, the Administration • Campaign donations
  54. 54. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Strategy The theory for how you can achieve your goal.
  55. 55. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Common Strategies • Persuade target • Incentivize target • Put pressure on target • Hold target accountable
  56. 56. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Strategy Demonstrate a broad base of constituent support for the idea of textbook affordability and open textbooks to incentivize – and in some cases pressure – members of the House and Senate education committees to support the OER program’s inclusion in the Higher Education Act, which will ultimately lead to its passage.
  57. 57. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Tactics The specific actions you take to execute your strategy.
  58. 58. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Tactic Tips • Best process is to brainstorm all possible tactics, then pick the ones that fit with your resources, then fit them into your timeline. • We won’t have time for that today, so just outline a few that you think are most important.
  59. 59. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Tactics • Work with coalition to organize student resolutions and letters and in key states/districts. • Generate media coverage on the issue. • Build relationships with target offices. • Organize educational briefing on Capitol Hill. • Work with bill sponsors to reach out to targets and convince them to support the bill.
  60. 60. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Strategy or Tactic? Organize presentation to faculty to educate them about OER.
  61. 61. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Strategy or Tactic? Persuade educators to make their teaching materials available as OER.
  62. 62. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Strategy or Tactic? Hold publishers publicly accountable for their excessively high profit margins to change their practices.
  63. 63. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Strategy or Tactic? Organize a coordinated twitter campaign to launch an OER portal.
  64. 64. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Breakout Groups Fill out the Campaign Strategy form for the policy proposal you are most interested in. Google Docs/Downloads: http://sparc.arl.org/resource/oerpolicywo rks
  65. 65. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Agenda • 13:45 Breakouts: Campaign Strategy • 14:30 Share: Campaign Strategy • 15:00 Overview: Campaign Communication • 15:15 Breakouts: Campaign Communication (incl. 15 min break) • 16:00 Share: Campaign Communication • 16:45 Evaluation and next steps • 17:00 End
  66. 66. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Share Tell the group what you came up with for Campaign Strategy. Google Docs/Downloads: http://sparc.arl.org/resource/oerpolicywo rks
  67. 67. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Part 3: Campaign Communication
  68. 68. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Campaign Communication • Audience • Frames • Message • Materials
  69. 69. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Audience Who is your campaign oriented towards? The target or someone who influences the target?
  70. 70. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Audience There are two key audiences for our campaign: • SPARC member librarians • Target Congressional offices (equivalent to members of the public)
  71. 71. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Frames What pre-existing themes does your audience associate with the topic?
  72. 72. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Frames Good frames: • Textbooks, and higher ed in general, are expensive. • Student debt is a big problem. • Education is important for the economy. • Technology can solve problems. Bad/problematic frames: • You get what you pay for. • If it’s too good to be true, it probably is. • MOOCs are the cutting edge.
  73. 73. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Message The case you make to your audience.
  74. 74. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Message Structure • Hook (Something that interests the target) • Problem (Connect the hook to the problem) • Solution (Why OER) • Action (Why your policy proposal) • Short message • Long message
  75. 75. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Message Tips • Use your list of frames and your list of influencers • Include key facts • Explain things using language your audience will understand • Use active, colorful language
  76. 76. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Tiny Message Textbook costs are out of control and America can do better. It's time to unleash the power of technology through free open textbooks.
  77. 77. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Short Message Textbook costs are out of control and are driving students deeper in debt. America should capitalize on today’s technology to make textbooks affordable and better for students. The most effective model is open textbooks, which are free online to students and available for anyone to use, adapt and share. Support the Affordable College Textbook Act to expand the use of open textbooks at more campuses, reducing costs for students and supporting more innovative models for educatio.
  78. 78. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Long Message • Hook: Everyone knows that college costs are skyrocketing and student debt has become a big problem. • Problem: Textbooks are a significant contributing expense. Students spend $1,200 per year, and many skip or delay buying textbooks because the cost is too high. The traditional textbook system continues to drive up costs, stifling competition and taking advantage of students. • Technology has the potential to solve this problem, but only if we go about it the right way. Much of the existing digital content has legal and technical restrictions that prevent everything we’re used to doing on the Web – reading free, copying, sharing, editing, etc.
  79. 79. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Long Message • Solution: The most effective model to unlock the potential of technology is Open Educational Resources, or “OER.” OER are academic materials that are distributed free online with copyright permissions for everyone to freely use, adapt and share the content. Students can access OER at no cost, professors can tailor the material to suit their course, and print copies can be made at a low cost. • OER is widely available in many subjects, and if more professors start to leverage it, students would save 80- 100% on textbooks. Studies also show that OER supports better grades because all students have access.
  80. 80. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Long Message • Ask: The challenge is that professors are not always aware of options like OER. The key is to provide more support on campus. • For this reason, we are asking you to co-sponsor the Affordable College Textbook Act. This bill would fund campus pilot programs to create, improve, and expand use of OER. These pilots would directly reduce costs for students, and any materials they create would be freely available to the public too. The bill would also reduce costs in the long run by enabling sustainable, competitive business models to develop.
  81. 81. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Materials How you communicate your message to your audience
  82. 82. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition External Materials • Fact Sheet (2 page max) • Myths and facts sheet (2 page max) • Primer (longer, if your audience wants it) • Webpage • Infographic or related images • List of “further reading” • Op-Ed or good news clippings
  83. 83. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Internal Materials • Talking points for meetings with targets • Q&A for meetings with targets • Document summarizing the campaign strategy, tactics and timeline • Document summarizing the campaign message, frames and audience
  84. 84. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Breakout Groups Fill out the Campaign Communications form for your campaign. Google Docs/Downloads: http://sparc.arl.org/resource/oerpolicywo rks
  85. 85. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Share Tell the group what you came up with for Campaign Communication. Google Docs/Downloads: http://sparc.arl.org/resource/oerpolicywo rks
  86. 86. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Evaluation & Next Steps
  87. 87. #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition OER Advocacy Workshop Nicole Allen Director of Open Education, SPARC OER Policy Workshop (#OERPolicyWorks) March 19, 2014 Warsaw, Poland

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