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Open Access and Research Integrity Workshop 2014 - Advocacy


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A presentation given at the IFMSA August Meeting Pre-GA 2014 talking about Open Access and what students can do.

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Open Access and Research Integrity Workshop 2014 - Advocacy

  1. 1. Open Access Advocacy Sunday 3rd August Joe McArthur - @Mcarthur_Joe Assistant Director, Right to Research Coalition Co-founder of the Open Access Button
  2. 2. From
  3. 3. 80% of research is publicly funded 1 Academic Publishing: Survey of funders supports the benign Open Access outcome priced into shares, HSBC Global Research, February 11, 2013: 1
  4. 4. As defined by the Budapest Open Access Initiative Free, immediate online access to scientific & scholarly articles with full reuse rights
  5. 5. Two paths to Open Access Self- archiving Open Access Journals
  6. 6.
  7. 7. 168x faster 26,667x cheaper 400x more sensitive 100x more selective Current test (ELISA): $800, high false positives Jack’s test: $.03, >99% accuracy, 5 min
  8. 8. “I used [free, online articles] religiously. Just because, in most online databases, articles cost about $35, and there are only about 10 pages… My research should serve as a testament to free online research (...) It was hard to get what I needed without the costs. People should take note and because of this project, we should make a move toward more inexpensive or free Online research.” - Jack Andraka Interview with Vancouver Observer
  9. 9. We need more Jack Andrakas
  10. 10. What’s wrong? Introducing Open Access What you can do
  11. 11. But first…
  12. 12. Date taken from
  13. 13. European Commission Report: On average, for-profit journals are 3 TIMES more expensive than non-profits1 In neuroscience, for-profit journals are 890% more expensive (per page)2 1 Study on the economic and technical evolution of the scientific publication markets in Europe, Commissioned by the European Commission 2 The Costs and Benefits of Site Licences to Academic Journals”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, C.T. Bergstrom and T.C. Bergstrom.
  14. 14. Setting the default to Open
  15. 15. Setting the default to Open: Two complimentary strategies Short-term: Policy Change Levels: Institutional, National, International Places: Universities, Funders, Goverments Long-term: Education & Culture Change
  16. 16. Policy Change: Local
  17. 17. Policy Change: Local
  18. 18. Policy Change: Local
  19. 19. “The Open Access policy will anchor the University in its rightful place in the national, regional and international arena and open up the University for more global visibility” Professor George A.O. Magoha Vice-Chancellor December 2012
  20. 20. “Working with students to demystify OA at the University of Nairobi and also in institution members of the Kenyan Consortium has proved to be one of the best catalysts for change. We have realized that academics tend to listen to students in matters of ICTs as they see them as agents of change in that they are more savvy, "curious and excellent in networking” and open to new technologies. To us at the University of Nairobi, students have been our trusted partners and they have played a significant role in advancing the OA movement. We are proud that in a span of a few months, the Vice-Chancellor has signed the Berlin Declaration in October 2012 and also put in place a Committee to draft the institutional OA policy in August 2012.” - Agatha Kabugu
  21. 21. “…the degree of student initiative and engagement at UBC gives this issue a whole new impetus.”
  22. 22. Policy Change: National
  23. 23. i) confirms the importance of students having access to research journals and articles as part of their training; ii) notes the high cost to institutions and individuals when accessing scholarly literature; iii) proposes that this could hinder medical students in their development as ‘The Doctor as the Scientist’ as well as developing an evidence based clinical approach; iv) welcomes and endorses the Right To Research Coalition’s statement on Open Access to research literature. June 25, 2012
  24. 24. Australia Belgium Canada Denmark Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Norway Spain Sweden Switzerland UK United States European Commission Wellcome Trust World Bank Policy Change: Funders
  25. 25.
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
  28. 28. 1,000+ Congressional lobbying visits over the past 3.5 years
  29. 29. Policy Change: International “Speaking to THE, the director general of research and innovation at the Commission, Robert-Jan Smits, said its commitment to free online access was essential to driving free movement of researchers and ideas within Europe. "With our €80 billion we can make one hell of a difference," he said. "We're clear about the huge potential that exists on open access."
  30. 30. Education & Culture Change
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  32. 32.
  33. 33. From
  34. 34. From
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  41. 41. From
  42. 42. More resources available at:
  43. 43. More resources available at:
  44. 44. Open Access Week: October 20-26, 2014
  45. 45.
  46. 46.
  47. 47. Applications Open Tomorrow! More info available at:
  48. 48. More info available at:
  49. 49. So what can you do? • Have your NMO join the R2RC • Renew the Open Access policy statement • Start a working group on Open Access within your NMO • Hold presentations & workshops on OA at meeting • Start a new project on Open Access • Use