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Cognitive Processes and Memory


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Introduction to cognitive processes and memory. This is for a high school introductory psychology course.

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Cognitive Processes and Memory

  2. 2. The mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experiences and the senses. COGNITION
  3. 3. Sub-Domains (Processes) of Cognitive Psychology
  4. 4. Cognitive Psych Principles Mental processes guide behaviour The mind can be studied scientifically Cognitive processes are influenced By social and cultural factors
  5. 5. The Mysterious Workings of the Teenage Brain Video The mind can be studied scientifically
  6. 6. Learning that has persisted over time – Information that has been stored and in many cases recalled.
  7. 7. 3 Basic Stages of the Memory Process
  8. 8. Encoding Storage Retrieval Processes occuring during the presentation of learning material - perception Information being stored within the memory system Recovering or extracting stored information
  9. 9. Think of something you have had to remember. 1. How did you put it into your memory? (Encoding) 2. How did you maintain it in your memory? (Storage) 3. How did you recover it from your memory when needed? (Retrieval)
  10. 10. • ACRONYMS (such as PUG for "pick up grapes") • VISUALIZATIONS (such as imagining a tooth to remember your dentist's appointment) • RHYMES (if you need to remember a name, for instance, think "Shirley's hair is curly) • CHUNKING, which is breaking up information into smaller "chunks" (such as organizing numbers into the format of a phone number) Mnemonic Devices
  11. 11. A newspaper is better than a magazine. A seashore is a better place than the street. At first it is better to run than to walk. You may have to try several times. It takes some skill but is easy to learn. Even young children can enjoy it. Once successful, complications are minimal Birds seldom get too close. Rain, however, soaks in very fast. Too many people doing the same thing can also cause problems. One needs a lot of room. If there are no complications, it can be very peaceful. A rock will serve as an anchor. If things break loose from it, however, you will not get a second chance.
  12. 12. CONTEXT
  13. 13. The procedure is actually quite simple. First you arrange items into different groups. Of course one pile may be sufficient depending on how there is to do If you have to go somewhere else due to lack of facilities that is the next step; otherwise you are pretty well set. It is important not to overdo things. That is, it is better to do too few things at once that too many. In the short run this may not seem important, but complications can arise. A mistake can be expensive, as well. At first, the whole procedure will seem complicated Soon, however, it will become just another facet of life. It is difficult to foresee any end to the necessity for this task in the immediate future, but then, one can never tell. After the procedure is complete one arranges the materials into different groups again. Eventually, they will used once more and the whole cycle will then have to be repeated. However, that is part of life.
  14. 14. False Memory Image from Open Clipart