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  1. 1. COPYREADING Reading the Copy 
  2. 2. • Correcting copies (news story, feature story, editorial. Etc.) with the use of appropriate symbols universally known by printers.
  3. 3. Copyreader • sometimes called butcher or mutilator • Corrects errors in copies • Should know the basics of all forms of journalistic writing
  4. 4. C’s of Copyreading Correct Check Condense Clarify
  5. 5. COPYREADING What to know in
  6. 6. 1. Grammar 2. Styles 3. Font/Typography 4. Unit Count 5. Printer’s Direction 6. Headline Writing 7. Copyreading Symbols 8. Style Book
  8. 8. 1. Straighten out grammatical constructions 2. Shorten sentences and tighten paragraphs 3. See that the paper’s style requirements are strictly followed 4. Check names, addresses, titles, designations, identifications, figures, attributions, etc. 5. Rewrite the some parts or the story completely if it is poorly written
  9. 9. 6. Delete all libelous biased and derogatory statements 7. Remove all opinions, speculations and statements which are not with attribution or sources. 8. Cut the news story to the required length 9. check sluglines and page sequences 10.Write headline
  11. 11. COPYREADING How oh how?
  12. 12. 1. Mechanical Editing 2. Content Editing 3. Headline Writing 4. Printer’s Direction
  13. 13. Mechanical Editing • 1st reading • Having a general understanding of the story • Correcting obvious errors • Checking vague information
  14. 14. Content Editing • 2nd reading • Checking the appropriateness of words • Finding the lead(news) • Arranging the paragraphs
  15. 15. Headline Writing Things to remember in writing a headline: 1. Answer as many W’s as possible in the headline without making the headline appear kilometric. 2. The headline should not state something that is not included in the story. 3. Positive heads are preferable than negative ones.
  16. 16. 4. Use a verb, expressed or implied, in main heads and subheads. 5.The active verb is preferred to passive verb, except in the instance that the event is more important than the doer. 6. Delete article like a, an, the, and all forms of verbs of being.
  17. 17. 7. Use the present tense even for past stories, and the infinite form for future events. 8. Write numbers in figures or spell them out depending upon the allotted space for headlines. 9. Use the comma (,), the punctuation mark, instead of the conjunction and in headlines. 10. Write the position of a general word to identify a person, place, or thing that is not popular or common.
  18. 18. Headline Vocabs Instead of… Use.. Increase Hike Decrease Dip Examination Quiz Announced Bared Highlight Cap Disapprove Buck Contest/competition Tilt
  19. 19. Being discussed at Up at Dominates Rules/lords Against Vs Volleyball players Spikers/netters Approval Ok Syndicate Gang Investigation probe
  20. 20. Prohibition Ban Participate Attend Celebrate Mark Students Studes Senators Solons Conflagration Fire
  21. 21. Inundated Flooded Arrests Nabs Emphasize Stress Charter change Cha-cha President Prexy
  22. 22. Unit Counting A headline should fit the allotted space by a system of unit counts given to each letter, figures and symbols. The corresponding unit counts are given as follows: ½ Unit— j, i, l, t, f, all punctuation marks except em dash (—) and question mark (?) 1 Unit— J, I, L, T, F, question mark (?), space, figures and all the lowercase letters except j, i, l, t, f, m, w
  23. 23. 1 ½ Units— em dash (—), m, w and all the capital letters except J, I, L, T, F, M, W 2 Units— M, W
  24. 24. Printer’s Direction • Serves as a guide of the printing press. 26-48-BB w/ kickerunit points font No. of lines
  25. 25. PROOFREADING Reading Proofs   
  26. 26. Errors to be Proofread 1. Copy Errors - errors in grammar and word omission 2. Machine Errors - errors due to faulty typesetting machines 3. Operator’s Error - general run of typographical errors
  27. 27. DUTIES OF THE PROOFREADER The proofreader should see to it that:
  28. 28. 1. the dateline, volume and number are correct and in their proper positions 2. The stories carry their proper headline 3. The cuts are straight, properly placed and correctly captioned 4. The lines of types and column rule are straight 5. The headlines are typographically correct and well-written.
  29. 29. 6. “continued” lines and jump heads are properly placed 7. Long stories, usually more than three-inch deep, have subheads 8. All killed materials have been deleted
  31. 31. Yun na pows. 