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A Case Study Based On Lean Thinking Principles And Techniques

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A Case Study Based On Lean Thinking Principles And Techniques
Table of Contents Staircases Production Company 2 Introduction 2 Philosophies and Techniques 2
Figure 1 Continuous quality improvement with PDCA (Kpmg 2012) 4 Figure 2 Push and Pull
strategy (Corniani 2008) 5 Costs and Benefits 6 How Deane sells his idea to Joinery Department? 8
How different would the cell work and Joinery Department? 9 Conclusion and risks 9 Bibliography
10 Bibliography 10 Staircases Production Company Introduction This essay is going to analyze a
case study based on lean thinking principles and techniques. It could divide in five significant parts.
First, outline the definitions of a sequence of process and techniques, next introduce the categories
of costs and benefits in establishing the cell, and also non–financial benefits which be taken into
account, furthermore, critically discussed the stage should Deane sell his idea to the Joinery
Manager and the workers, and additionally, evaluated four main differences of cell work in main
Joinery Department, and illustrated the risks in Deane 's suggestion at final. Philosophies and
Techniques This case study is talking about a small city has one company named Staircase
Production Company (SPC). The company focuses on quality and responses customer demand,
nevertheless their problem in operations as a result, high costs and late deliveries. Until, Dean
Hammond became to a new general manager that wanted to improve the operation in the correct
way. Dean pointed out the
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A Case Study Based On Lean Thinking Principles And Techniques
Challenges Of Implementing Lean Within The Healthcare Sector
1.0 Chapter one: Introduction "As global healthcare expenditure soars, and as systems are
increasingly required to deliver better care to more people using less resource, the challenge to
explore the promises of lean thinking is compelling" (Young and McClean, 2009 p.309). In the UK
the government has set deadlines for Accident and Emergency (A&E) patients to be dealt with
(Boseley, 2015). The hospitals are facing challenges for this deadline. In this context the
implementation of lean can enable hospitals improve their efficiencies whiles at the same time
reducing cost. This dissertation looks into the opportunities and challenges of implementing lean
within the healthcare sector. 1.1 Background: The lean philosophy centers on the elimination of
waste in all forms in an organisation (Shpak, 2016). Lean is usually implemented by initially
conducting training, initiating pilot projects and implementing changes (Poksinska, 2010). Some of
the benefits of lean implementation includes: improves quality and safety; improves staff moral;
improves throughput; improves delivery and helps in cost reduction (Jones and Mitchel, 2006; NHS
Institute for Innovation and Improvement 2007). The challenges of lean implementation include:
resistance to change and lack of team work; limited communication and leadership and staff having
less knowledge of the lean concept (Grove et al., 2010; Halling and Wijk, 2013 and Poksinska,
2010). This research is to explore some challenges of
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A Case Study Based On Lean Thinking Principles And Techniques
The Kingdoms Of Judah And Israel
The Kingdoms of Judah and Israel from ca. 922 to 586 BCE have a significant impact not only on
the Jewish tradition, but also on the history of Ancient Israel and its development, therefore it is
important to discuss their political structure and influence. To discuss the political structure and
developments of this period modern scholars refer to as the divided monarchy in Ancient Israel,
there must first be a discussion of the political and religious factors that bring about the unification
and later division of the tribes of Israel. In the Hebrew Bible, various tribes are depicted as
encompassing the land of Canaan prior to a time modern scholars refer to as the united monarchy,
which refers to the rule of King Saul, David and Solomon. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net
...
The inability of the three great powers of the time, Egypt, Assyria and Babylon, to exert influence
over lesser entities such as the philistines greatly contributed to their rise in power. The culmination
of these events lead to a desire and almost obligation of political unification under a monarch for the
tribes of Israel because their internal weakness threatened their very existence. Nevertheless,
contrary to the depiction in the Hebrew Bible, the tribes appear to maintain a significant amount of
autonomy during the monarchy, which leads to the demise of the small unified monarchy and the
development of two split kingdoms, Israel and Judah, that is found in I Kings 12. This is a result of
increased demands and pressure from King Solomon that would have escalated if his son Rehoboam
came to power over the lands of Israel. However, many scholars such as Beth Alpert Nakhai, attest
that hints of disunity between Judah and other tribes were present through rebellions in David and
Solomon's reigns. Therefore, leaders of the various tribes elected to anoint a new king over their
lands that would politically unite them enough to protect them from outside threats, while still
maintaining their relative autonomy over their own tribes, making the kingdom of Israel a dispersed
state with various religious and political centers. On the other hand, the kingdom of Judah
maintained not only unity
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A Case Study Based On Lean Thinking Principles And Techniques

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A Case Study Based On Lean Thinking Principles And Techniques

  • 1. A Case Study Based On Lean Thinking Principles And Techniques Table of Contents Staircases Production Company 2 Introduction 2 Philosophies and Techniques 2 Figure 1 Continuous quality improvement with PDCA (Kpmg 2012) 4 Figure 2 Push and Pull strategy (Corniani 2008) 5 Costs and Benefits 6 How Deane sells his idea to Joinery Department? 8 How different would the cell work and Joinery Department? 9 Conclusion and risks 9 Bibliography 10 Bibliography 10 Staircases Production Company Introduction This essay is going to analyze a case study based on lean thinking principles and techniques. It could divide in five significant parts. First, outline the definitions of a sequence of process and techniques, next introduce the categories of costs and benefits in establishing the cell, and also non–financial benefits which be taken into account, furthermore, critically discussed the stage should Deane sell his idea to the Joinery Manager and the workers, and additionally, evaluated four main differences of cell work in main Joinery Department, and illustrated the risks in Deane 's suggestion at final. Philosophies and Techniques This case study is talking about a small city has one company named Staircase Production Company (SPC). The company focuses on quality and responses customer demand, nevertheless their problem in operations as a result, high costs and late deliveries. Until, Dean Hammond became to a new general manager that wanted to improve the operation in the correct way. Dean pointed out the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 3. Challenges Of Implementing Lean Within The Healthcare Sector 1.0 Chapter one: Introduction "As global healthcare expenditure soars, and as systems are increasingly required to deliver better care to more people using less resource, the challenge to explore the promises of lean thinking is compelling" (Young and McClean, 2009 p.309). In the UK the government has set deadlines for Accident and Emergency (A&E) patients to be dealt with (Boseley, 2015). The hospitals are facing challenges for this deadline. In this context the implementation of lean can enable hospitals improve their efficiencies whiles at the same time reducing cost. This dissertation looks into the opportunities and challenges of implementing lean within the healthcare sector. 1.1 Background: The lean philosophy centers on the elimination of waste in all forms in an organisation (Shpak, 2016). Lean is usually implemented by initially conducting training, initiating pilot projects and implementing changes (Poksinska, 2010). Some of the benefits of lean implementation includes: improves quality and safety; improves staff moral; improves throughput; improves delivery and helps in cost reduction (Jones and Mitchel, 2006; NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement 2007). The challenges of lean implementation include: resistance to change and lack of team work; limited communication and leadership and staff having less knowledge of the lean concept (Grove et al., 2010; Halling and Wijk, 2013 and Poksinska, 2010). This research is to explore some challenges of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 5. The Kingdoms Of Judah And Israel The Kingdoms of Judah and Israel from ca. 922 to 586 BCE have a significant impact not only on the Jewish tradition, but also on the history of Ancient Israel and its development, therefore it is important to discuss their political structure and influence. To discuss the political structure and developments of this period modern scholars refer to as the divided monarchy in Ancient Israel, there must first be a discussion of the political and religious factors that bring about the unification and later division of the tribes of Israel. In the Hebrew Bible, various tribes are depicted as encompassing the land of Canaan prior to a time modern scholars refer to as the united monarchy, which refers to the rule of King Saul, David and Solomon. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The inability of the three great powers of the time, Egypt, Assyria and Babylon, to exert influence over lesser entities such as the philistines greatly contributed to their rise in power. The culmination of these events lead to a desire and almost obligation of political unification under a monarch for the tribes of Israel because their internal weakness threatened their very existence. Nevertheless, contrary to the depiction in the Hebrew Bible, the tribes appear to maintain a significant amount of autonomy during the monarchy, which leads to the demise of the small unified monarchy and the development of two split kingdoms, Israel and Judah, that is found in I Kings 12. This is a result of increased demands and pressure from King Solomon that would have escalated if his son Rehoboam came to power over the lands of Israel. However, many scholars such as Beth Alpert Nakhai, attest that hints of disunity between Judah and other tribes were present through rebellions in David and Solomon's reigns. Therefore, leaders of the various tribes elected to anoint a new king over their lands that would politically unite them enough to protect them from outside threats, while still maintaining their relative autonomy over their own tribes, making the kingdom of Israel a dispersed state with various religious and political centers. On the other hand, the kingdom of Judah maintained not only unity ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 7. Process Identification Plan for Toyota The Case for Change at Toyota Motor Corporation Process Identification and Improvement Plan ______________________________________________________________________________ Unit 1 Assignment 1 MBA 6022 Lynette D. Capella University Abstract This Process Identification and Improvement Plan will begin with a summary of the Toyota Motor Corporation and core commitment to safety, quality and volume. It will also refer to the case study review titled "Toyota: The Accelerator Crisis (2010), by Greto, Schotter, and Teagarden for a synopsis of the accelerator and automobile recall crisis that affected the company's reputation, image and near financial collapse. It also identifies two distinct process areas have been targeted for ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Thus, Toyota failed to comply with federal law in its foreign subsidiary and failed to report such safety defects to the proper government regulators within five business days. (Greto, M., Schotter, A., & TeaGarden, M., 2010) (CNN, 2010) The President, CEO and grandson of the founding father, Aki Toyoda emphasized "I fear the pace at which we have grown may have been to quick. I would like to point out here that Toyota's priority has traditionally been the following: First, Safety; Second, Quality and Third, Volume. These priorities became confused, and we were not able to stop, think and make improvements as much as we were able to before, and our basic stance to listen to customers' voices to make better products has weakened somewhat. We pursued growth over the speed at which were able to develop our people and our organization, and we should sincerely be mindful of that. I regret that this has resulted in the safety issues described in the recalls we face today, and I am deeply sorry for any accidents that Toyota drivers have experienced." (Greto, M., Schotter, A., & TeaGarden, M., 2010) Importance to Toyota: Considering the case study, Toyota's current reputation and status in the global market is marked with recalls due to defective parts, malfunctions and safety risks–numerous lawsuits–and fines ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 9. Toyota Culture Human Resource Development in Toyota Culture The article first appeared in the "International Journal of Human Resource Development & Management." It addresses the role of HR in a lean enterprise, explores a major crisis of trust at Toyota 's plant in Georgetown, Ky., and how it responded by reorganizing the HR function. By Jeffrey K. Liker and Michael Hoseus Introduction From the founding of Toyoda Loom Works in the 1920s to the creation of Toyota Motor Co. in the 1940s, its leaders believed that the key to success was investment in its people (Liker, 2004). The Toyota culture has evolved since the company 's founding and is the core competence of the company. It is the reason why operations are lean, cars hit the market on time ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This example reveals that Toyota is far from perfect and experiences serious problems and gives insights into how Toyota responds to problems by getting to the root cause. The paper concludes with a discussion of some of the cultural issues that affect the ability to create a Toyota–like HR system in America. What is the Role of HR in a Lean Enterprise? The concept of "lean production" was first introduced in The Machine that Changed the World (Womack et al., 1991) to refer to a new way of looking at the manufacturing enterprise. It was distinguished from mass production by its single–minded focus on eliminating waste in all aspects of the enterprise. An enterprise exists to add value to customers through a series of activities that transform inputs into outputs and anything other than the minimum needed to perform that value–added function is waste. Toyota was the original model for lean and the concept of "just–in–time" epitomized the focus on waste elimination –– only make exactly what is needed, in the amount needed, when it is needed. In fact the just–in–time principle is one aspect of a broader philosophy represented by the Toyota production system. In TPS, the just–in–time concept is one pillar and the other is to build in quality at every step of the process, not allowing defects to propagate through the value stream. The ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 11. Lean Manufacturing Essay 1 INEN 5354 Lean Manufacturing–Course Project Due Date: August 15, 2015 A Project on A COMPARISON AND CONTRAST OF IMPLEMENTATION OF LEAN MANUFACTURIG IN A FOOD INDUSTRY AND A HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY Submitted by Ranjith Kumar Gandi– L20384478 Krishna Chaintanya Kurra– L20369514 Under the Guidance of Dr. Berna Eren Togkoz 2 :: TABLE OF CONTENTS ::  Introduction...................................................Page no.3  Brief description and Literature explanation of a Food Industry and a HealthCare system.........................................................Page no.4–8  Comparing and contrasting the implementation of Lean Manufacturing in manufacturing and service industries:...................................................Page no.8–9 ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Later on, many service industries have adopted the philosophy of Lean with the aim of improving their quality of service, processes, methods and resulting a better customer satisfaction. The study made revealed that although the Lean Manufacturing was designed and developed for the manufacturing industries initially, it is now proven that even the service industries could implement the Lean principles as well, and increasing the customer satisfaction. In this project, we compare and contrast how lean manufacturing principles and its best practices have been applied in the Food industry (manufacturing industry) and the Health Care and Hospital systems (service industry). 4 Brief description and literature explanation of the Industries selected:  Manufacturing Industry–FOOD INDUSTRY: The food and beverage industries have large batch processes .There is a misperception that Lean Manufacturing do not lead to easy application in these industries. Food industry is composed of various sectors such as meat and fish, vegetables and fruits, dairy and its products, bakery, oils and fats, coffee and cocoa products, sugar and salt, cocoa and its products, canned foods, and alcoholic and non–alcoholic beverages, etc. The food industry represents more than 20% of the total industry.
  • 12. These products are sold to customers not on orders. The food products are manufactured based on a forecast of the market and demand, and this results in large differences between the forecast made and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 14. Psalms In The Hebrew Bible Looking at the Hebrew Bible, the Psalms fall into the Ketuvim, or "Writings." The Hebrew Bible has Psalms listed as tehillâ; "a derivative of hālal. This root connotes being sincerely and deeply thankful for and/or satisfied in the lauding a superior quality(ies) or great, great act(s) of an object." The book of Psalms renders itself to speak into every situation a person could have; in times of sadness, happiness, when looking for some wisdom, or just feeling thankful for who he is and all he has done in your life. Dr. Cartledge stated in his lecture on Psalms that "the central overriding theme of Psalms is the presence or absence of God." In the Jewish tradition, there are descriptions at the beginning of the psalms that will tell either who wrote it, who it is written to, or the song tune. When reading this scriptural passage, the first thing I asked myself was, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In Ernest Nicholson's review of "The Sons of the Korah" by Michael Goulder he found information that dates it to the pre–exilic times. Goulder's thesis is that these psalms originated in northern Israel at the sanctuary of Dan where they were related to the liturgy of the annual Festival of Tabernacles in the month. Such evidence as they now contain of a setting in Jerusalem is because they were transferred there and edited after the fall of the Northern Kingdom in 722 BC. Two phases in the history of the collection in northern Israel are discerned. In a first stage (ninth century) Ps. 84 (a pilgrim psalm) marked the arrival of worshippers, and Ps. 85 (a national lament) marked the first day, 14th ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 16. Essay On Creating A Continuous Improvement Culture Paradigm Shift: Creating a Continuous Improvement Culture David Smothers Management 510 Dr. Ingram January 5, 2011 Paradigm Shift: Creating a Continuous Improvement Culture Successful Lean Six Sigma (LSS) deployments rely on the ability of a deployment to effectively apply Six Sigma DMAIC methodologies with the ability to concurrently apply Lean tools in order to drive Continuous Improvement into the culture of the business. Designing a Lean Six Sigma deployment to be an integrated model ties together the Six Sigma well structured approach with the Lean approach of matching quantity and quality to satisfy customers. Various companies have begun ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Volvo, Motorola, Ericsson, and Siemens have come to understand how dispersing authority of decision making out to the field organization drives job satisfaction. (Schon, 2010, 99–118) Job satisfaction drives productivity and process improvement. Process improvement cuts out waste. Cutting out waste improves the bottom line. There is still a clear disconnect with the goals and styles of the operations executive team in many organizations today. LSS deployments are bound to struggle without support from all levels of management. A deployment champion has a duty to make sure that projects align with high level goals in order to gain support from management. (Kelly, 2007, 16–17) Driving Empowerment Dedicate and empower the right people on the right projects. (Salah, et al., 2010, 254) Business leaders need to take the holistic approach to improving the business in order to achieve long term gain. (Breyfogle, 2010, 94) The holistic approach as opposed to the driven down approach to LSS implementation assumes that an organization has the right people in the organization that can drive the organization to greatness. The driven down approach is very management heavy and decision are not made at the line level. Rather, decisions are dictated to the line level and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 18. Lean Production Is A Benefit For Selling Products Lean Production In short, lean production is essentially about receiving more from less. The point of this idea is to lessen the amount of assets or quantity, so the main focus can be utilized as a benefit for selling products and furthering assistance to customers. All while in sync, it is about making the association of the business or supply chain more productive, vaulable and more importantly effective. Lean production can be characterized from various perspectives, however the most mainstream is the "elimination of all waste and continuous improvement of productivity." (Arnold, Chapman, 2012, p.340) Waste means something besides the base measure of hardware, parts, space, material, creation time and laborers ' time which make it completely important to increase the value of the item. Lean production is built on various effective ideas such as continuous improvement, organizing the business, and just–in–time production, which makes lean production so effective in supply chains. Lean production includes wiping out what might be wasteful and hence utilizing less energy, supplys, capacity and time. In return, this lessens costs and helps companies, such as supply chains, excel in business. The three basic values of supply chains are simplicity, consistency and responsibility. Lean production ties in quite well with these qualities. For instance, supply chain stores are basic in outline and all stores are fundamentally the same which makes them consistent, which is ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 20. Implementing lean six sigma for process improvement Essay IMPLEMENTING LEAN SIX SIGMA FOR PROCESS IMPROVEMENT ILI MARINI BT ZAINAL ABIDIN 1. ABSTRACT Lean Six Sigma approach is recognized widely and has been implemented predominately in manufacturing rather than other industries. To illustrate the point, this paper draws attention to the adoption of Lean Six Sigma in various industries with a case study. The combination of Lean tools and Six Sigma methodology is used to improve the process and quality by eliminating the variations and creating workflow in a process. The hypothesis of this study was that the Six Sigma technique can be used along with lean tools in order to improve process and quality in any area of industries. The review of case study discovered the use of ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In order to achieve the goals, there are several tools and methods have been introduced in lean production. The tools and methods are including: 5S's Visual controls Facilities layout Pull production (also described as kanban or just–in–time) Single minute exchange of dies (SMED) Total productive maintenance Source inspection Continuous improvement (also known as kaizen) 3.2 Six Sigma The concept of Six Sigma was developed in the early 1980's at Motorola Corporation (Harry and Schroeder, 2000). Six Sigma can be defined as a statistical measure of the performance of a process or product (Kumi et. al., 2006). It is used as a quality control mechanism, which seeks to reduce defects or variations in a process to 3.4 per million opportunities thereby optimizing output and increasing customer satisfaction (Sambhe, 2012). Sigma is representing the standard deviation, a unit of measurement that designates the distribution or spread about the mean of a process (Six Sigma Academy, 2002). In addition, the Six Sigma uniquely driven by close understanding of customer needs, disciplined use of fact, data, and statistical analysis, and diligent attention to managing improving, and reinventing business processes (Pande, P., et. al. 2000). The Six Sigma
  • 21. methodology uses statistical tools to identify the factors that matter most for improving the quality of processes and generating bottom–line results. The Six Sigma DMAIC (Define, Measure, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 23. The Effect of Lean Six Sigma on the Employee and the... The Effect of Lean Six Sigma on the Employee and the Organization MGMT – 500 Abstract Lean Six Sigma is a methodology that creates processes within an organization to cut waste and improve the company's performance. However, studies have shown that over the past decade applying Lean Manufacturing and Six Sigma can create problems for companies financially and potential problems for employees. Companies should take great care before implementing a Lean Six Sigma solution because in some instances, going lean can do more harm than good both financially for the organization as well as destroying employee loyalty and moral. The Effect of Lean Six Sigma on the Employee and the Organization The methodology of Lean Six Sigma is the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Occasionally, even the successes are not wholly attributed to the Lean Six Sigma process. The question currently being asked, are United States companies doing poorly with lean and is lean faltering? Studies over the past 10 years have shown that United States companies are not only doing poorly, but that they have become worse over the past five to seven years (Schonberger, 2007, p.22). Lean Manufacturing was a brilliant idea that achieved great success with car manufacturers like Toyota. However, these practices have actually hurt many organizations when companies attempt to apply them internally to certain practices. Too many companies have attempted to correct problems internally using certain lean methods that should only be applied to manufacturing. Companies have applied the Lean Six Sigma approach to cut waste within the organization by reducing raw materials, work–in–progress and finished goods inventory. Companies have also streamlined their own employees reducing headcount and hiring or retraining remaining staff that can perform many tasks instead of specific jobs. In–fact, organizations that have applied Lean Six Sigma and Lean Manufacturing internally are still seeing losses. Companies have neglected to look externally for waste instead of constantly focusing on internal processes and problems. Creating these reductions, companies are actually seeing two to 10 times more lead–time externally than internally (Schonberger, 2007, p. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 25. Pricing Strategy RUNNING HEAD: Wall–Mart's Pricing and Supply Management Wall–Mart's Pricing and Supply Management Cesar Venegas Webster University The traditional goals and philosophies that Sam Walton, founder of Wal–Mart, has left behind, is still leading Wal–Mart as one of the most successful retailers in history. He believed in three guiding principles: 1. Customer Value and Service; 2. Partnership with its associates; 3. Community involvement. Respect to Wal–Mart's secrets to success, Walton has been quoted saying, "It has to do with our customers' expectations every hour of every day." One of his deepest beliefs was that the customer is always right and his stores run mainly on this principle. Strategic pricing is also one of his many ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... However, the team Management and employees is both internal and external colleague, reflecting the new interdependencies in today's competitive market. The supply chain manager takes into deliberation that each facility that has an impact on price and plays a role in making the merchandise conforms to the consumer requirements: from supplier and manufacturing facilities through warehouse and distribution centers to retailers and stores. "A firm's supply system includes all internal functions plus external suppliers involved in the identification and fulfillment of needs for materials, equipment, and services in an optimized fashion" (Burt, Dobler, & Starling, 2003). However, implementing this type of system within the firm has a vital role in helping the company satisfy the role in the supply chain. "The Internet allows supply chain managers to manage their supply chains collaboratively and to synchronize their operations" (Burt, Dobler, & Starling, 2003). "The cash register reads the bar code price tag and reportedly within fourteen seconds, the Wal–Mart central warehouse is notified that the Wal–Mart retail store needs a new flashlight for the shelf to replenish the purchased item" (Wal–Mart, 2008). "Even the raw material suppliers are notified that the manufacturer now needs a little more raw materials (plastic ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 27. Standardize Work Standardized work is one of the most powerful but least used lean tools. By documenting the current best practice, standardized work forms the baseline for kaizen or continuous improvement. As the standard is improved, the new standard becomes the baseline for further improvements, and so on. Improving standardized work is a never–ending process. Basically, standardized work consists of three elements: Takt time, which is the rate at which products must be made in a process to meet customer demand The precise work sequence in which an operator performs tasks within takt time The standard inventory, including units in machines, required to keep the process operating smoothly Establishing standardized work relies on ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... At Toyota workers are encouraged every single day to come up with improvement suggestions. And as their new ideas are tested, accepted and implemented the standard worksheets are updated. Consider as you work in your Kaizen Groups how to make your decisions visible to all, how to prepare a standardized work form, and where the form should be displayed. http://www.leanblog.org/2010/02/my–thoughts–on–standardized–work/ I've written about many of these ideas and themes before in various blog posts, but I wanted to consolidate my thoughts on the Lean concept of "standardized work" in a single place. This is partly for my own personal reference (and future linking), but also can prompt some discussion amongst my friends, the Lean Blog readers. What I'm documenting here is consistent with what I've been teaching and coaching people on in healthcare the last five years, especially. The concepts described here are directly influenced by Toyota (especially the book Toyota Talent: Developing Your People the Toyota Way) and, I believe, is very consistent with what's expressed in Dt. Atul Gawande's The Checklist Manifesto: How to Get Things Right). These points are also expressed in the chapter on Standardized Work in my book, Lean Hospitals: Improving Quality, Patient Safety, and Employee Satisfaction. This is a looong post, so the quick bullets: Standard–IZED Don't standardize for the sake of standardizing It's created by the people who do the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 29. An Exploratory Study Of The Challenges Of Adopting Lean... Salford Business School An exploratory study of the challenges of adopting lean thinking in Manchester Mental Health Liaison Service Kwasi Boakye Student ID: @00095417 MSc Project Management Dissertation 2015/2016 Declaration This work is original Signed ?????????????? Date ????????????.?? Abstract The purpose of this study is to explore the challenges of lean thinking in mental health emergency service. Exploratory research was conducted which involved gathering qualitative data using interviewees. Acknowledgements I would like to thank the entire Manchester Mental Health A&E team, in particular the members who responded with the interviews. I would also thank my supervisor Subrahmaniam Krishnan Harihara ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... 2.2 Lean in healthcare?????????????????????? 2.3. Benefits of lean implementation in healthcare???????????. 2.4 Critical success factors for implementation of lean in healthcare????.. 2.5 Challenges of adopting lean in healthcare?????????????. 2.6. Summary and analysis of literature review and suggestions for investigations?????????????????????????? 2.6.1 Suggestions for investigations????????????????.. List of tables and figures List of abbreviations A & E– Accident and Emergency ED–Emergency Department NHS– National Health Service 1.0 Chapter one: Introduction ?As global healthcare expenditure soars, and as systems are increasingly required to deliver better care to more people using less resource, the challenge to explore the promises of lean thinking is compelling? (Young and McClean, 2009 p309). In the UK the government has set deadlines for Accident and Emergency (A&E) patients to be dealt with (Boseley, 2015). The hospitals are facing challenges for this deadline. In this context the implementation of lean can enable hospitals improve their efficiencies whiles at the same time reducing cost. This dissertation looks into the opportunities and challenges of implementing lean within the healthcare sector. 1.1 Background: The lean philosophy centers on the elimination of waste in all forms in an organisation (Shpak, 2016). Lean is usually implemented by initially ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 31. The Opening Sequences of David Lean and Alfonso Cuaron's... The Opening Sequences of David Lean and Alfonso Cuaron's Film Version of Great Expectations In this media assignment I shall be analyzing and comparing the similarities and differences of two famous directors' film versions of 'Great Expectations'. The two directors are David Lean and Alfonso Cuaron. David Lean's version was more popular and well known than Alfonso Cuaron's because Lean was the first director to actually direct 'Great Expectations'. This made it more difficult for Alfonso Cuaron because he had to bring the film up to date by making the film more modern and there have also been 10 other films based on the novel 'Great Expectations'. David Lean had directed his version of 'Great ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This is revealing to the audience that the film fits into the horror genre and is giving the audience clues about what the film will include, such as an ominous atmosphere and scenes of violence and gore. Lean has created this mood and theme so that the audience would want to know what the film actually contains, whether it is horror or drama. David Lean and Alfonso Cuaron are using the different techniques to keep the audience interested in the movie. The soundtrack of both versions is different because Alfonso Cuaron has played music throughout his opening frames. He has introduced sound effects such as waves that give the audience a pleasant sound to their ears; this same effect is employed with seagulls. The music that is actually played has a joyful and happy mood, which encourages the audience to think that the film is a non–violent film. But when Magwitch appears from underneath the water in the tenth frame and grabs Pip, at this point the music changes from joyful and happy to dramatic and shocking. Cuaron deliberately did this to shock and alarm the audience from a happy and cheerful atmosphere to an explicit and up–tempo atmosphere, this technique also keeps you interested in the film. On the other hand David Lean has only played music in his opening ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 33. Lean Management LEAN IN PRODUCTION AND SERVICE The word term ''LEAN'' was put together to describe and personalize Toyota's business activity during the 1980's by a research team headed by one Jim Womack, Ph.D., at MIT's international Motor vehicle programme. According to them, the concept of 'LEAN' was fathered by Taiichi Ohno of Toyota. Ohno developed a contrasting approach to the mass production methods of US car firms through necessity. Later, in 1996, Jim Womack's team espoused the five lean principles and also lean tools that they believed were the secret for Toyota's success. According to Oxford dictionaries, Lean means efficient and with no wastage. The core idea of lean is to minimize wastage and at the same time maximize customer value. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... If we are able to answer the key questions that I have associated with each of the aspects, I believe that we can develop a vision for lean implementation in our organization. The questions would be:– 1. purpose what are the customer problems will the organization try to solve in order to achieve their own purpose of prospering? 2. Process: how will the organization assess each major value stream devised to make sure each step in the value stream is valuable, capable, available, adequate and flexible? 3. People: how will the organization ensure that every important process in the value stream has someone responsible for continually evaluating it in terms of business purpose and also lean process? How will everyone involved in the value stream be engaged actively in the process of operating it correctly and continually improving it? As for the next step that I would take, it would be on the possible implementation of the core lean principle into my organization. This, I believe would involve the core of lean which is basically waste reduction. Usually, in an organization including production and service oriented organizations, we can find seven basic types of waste, which I am listing below. ❖ Producing goods and services beyond the immediate need of the customers. ❖ Unnecessary movement of products due to poor layout planning. ❖ Wasted motions when working. ❖ Time idling and wastage. ❖ Implementing processes that are unimportant to finish ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 35. Palm 150 Praisess: The Book Of Psalm The Book of Psalms is a collection of 150 Praises. It is believed the collection was written over a span of time, possibly from 586 BC and earlier. The Psalms were originally written as songs. About half of these were actually written by David. The Psalms are broken up into five sections and Psalm 123 and Psalm 124 are from the last section dealing with captivity. Psalm 123 focuses on lifting our eyes to the Lord who is on Heaven's throne, and seeking His mercy. Our yearning for God is similar to the way a slave looks to the hand of its master. We seek God's mercy as we endure ridicule and contempt from others because of our Christian faith. Psalm 124 focuses on the fact that God can help people overcome all adversaries.(Kranz). Even those who appear to be stronger and better. This essay considers ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... David isn't clear about what he is writing about, but he was clearly moved by the event. We see this in the first two lines where David felt he had to repeat himself by saying "if it had not been the Lord who was on our side". It's as if he can't bare to think of what might have become of them. Some feel he wrote it when he was fighting the Philistines. The Philistines were a powerful people but David overcame them and he attributes his victory to God protecting and helping them win. He clearly feels they escaped certain death. David's use of such strong words like raging, engulfed and torrent shows how afraid he was. God brought them through this great danger and they owe it all to God. Without the lord on the side of Israel. They would have been destroyed by the danger they faced He compares himself to a bird in a cage and how fragile and helpless we are against danger and evil. David is more than grateful and willing to give God the glory and not himself. Life is full of challenges and dangers. Many of these challenges are so great that God and God alone can get us through. All praise of safety should be given to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 37. Advantages Of Jit Just in Time (JIT) is an approach of continuous and forced problem solving via a focus on throughput and reduced inventory. The Toyota Production System TPS. With its emphasis on continuous improvement, respect for people, and standard work practices. Is particularly suited for assembly lines. Learn operation supplies the customer with exactly what the customer want's when the customer wants it. Without waste, through continuous improvement. Lean operation are driven by workflow initiated by the 'pull" of the customer's order. When implemented as a comprehensive manufacturing strategy. JIT, TPS and lean system sustain competitive advantages and result in increased overall return. If there is any distinction between JIT, TPS and lean operation, it if that ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... And the ideal lot sizes is one, The Japanese call this system Kanban. (Kanban) allows arrival at work centre to match (or nearly matches) the processing time. Kanban is a Japanese word for cards. In their effort to reduce inventory, the Japanese use say term that "pull" inventory through work centres. They often used a card to signal the need for another container of material hence the name Kanban. The card is the authorization for the next container of material to be produces. A Kanban need not be as formal as signal light light or empty carts. The cook in a fast food restaurant knows that when six car are in line, eight meat patties and six orders of French fries should be cooking. Removal of unnecessary activities, such as receiving, incoming inspection, and paperwork related to bidding, invoicing and payment. And then removal of in plant inventory by delivery in small lots d irectly to the using department as ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 39. Total Cost Minimization : The Development Of The Assembly... Total Cost Minimization The development of the assembly line has greatly impacted the way in which products are manufactured for the masses today. The innovation of the assembly line reduced the cost required to make products which opened the market of luxury items, such as cars and kitchen appliances, to the middle class. The first assembly line designed for large scale manufacturing was developed by Henry Ford in 1913. Ford desired a method to produce a large quantity of the Model T car at a minimal cost. Ford achieved this method by standardizing the parts required to make the car, simplifying large tasks into smaller ones and increasing the demands of manual labour. Ford's assembly line provided other car manufacturing companies with ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Automation enables parts to be manufactured at a rapid pace; however these newly developed machines are able to assess if there is a defect in the part or in the machine itself and are programmed stop immediately to prevent manufacturing defected products. Primarily, human automation minimizes the cost of production as it reduces the number of workers necessary to ensure a quality product. Workers can be less vigilant while monitoring the machines as the machines have sensors that indicate if there is a problem that needs to be addressed. As a result, one worker can monitor several machines which reduces the cost associated with worker's wages. Secondly, this type of automation reduces the total cost as it minimizes the amount of defected products that are manufactured. Dr. Anil Mital from the Industrial Engineering Department at the University of Cincinnati comments, "it is essential to integrate inspection into automated manufacturing in order to provide the necessary feedback which could be used to fine tune the automated manufacturing system" (119). This insight demonstrates the importance of manufacturing quality products the first time to reduce costs. Inspection prevents the mass production of defected products which eliminates the costs needed to repair the unusable parts. Therefore, the development of human automation allows for total cost minimization in the manufacturing process as it reduces the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 41. Goliath : Giant Among Men Goliath: Giant among Men Have you ever wondered if being considered an underdog is a good or a bad thing? Consider the underdogs in the history of the world and one thing is always at the front of our minds. How can these individuals go against the odds? Where they overlook and nobody had the true facts to accurately depict the end result? In one of the most popular underdog stories of all time is the story of David who took on the giant Goliath. Malcolm Gladwell in a well presented TED talk given September of 2013, gives us a more intellectual approach on how this battle should have been anticipated and will help answer the question if the underdogs are in fact just overlooked as contenders. First to gain a deeper understanding about why this topic is of importance to Gladwell it goes back to his past. He was a born in Great Britain but while still young his family moved to Canada where his father had gotten a job teaching at the Collage of Waterloo. Now this is where his story might differ from a lot of normal childhoods. Having access to many books Gladwell took to reading and running distance to fill his time. As successful as you could say he was with reading and running his collage years were a lot tougher. He was rejected from graduate school and from many jobs. Finally receiving a job, he worked his way to writing for the newspaper The New Yorker. Having great success with writing articles for The New Yorker Malcolm started to gain even more popularity with his own ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 43. Persuasive Essay On Manifest Destiny America is the home of the brave and land of the free. It's the continent known for the start of new beginnings, and renewal of life. You are free to believe what you want, love who you wish, and be you think you are designed to be. Although America may have many benefits that most countries and continents don't, it came at a price. America had to fight her way to the top, and every constitutional right was earned by the endurance and victories it took to make them possible.From a fledgling nation that didn't have much hope to one that had the courage to proclaim Manifest Destiny America definitely earned everything it has to offer. From the beginning America has been a sort of safe haven. From when the pilgrims first decided to cross the Atlantic, due to the dysfunctions of England. At the time England was very unfair to most of its people. By not letting one rank up higher if the where at a lower class, or only letting the eldest of the family inherit any land that the parents owned, leaving nothing to offer their other children. But the biggest reason was that the Church of England wouldn't allow its people to worship God the way the people felt was correct. So therefore they made the decision to cross over to America where they would be free to start over again and worship God freely and how they felt was the accurate and correct way to do so. Although crossing over to America was the only option the pilgrims had if they wished to start anew there would be risks that came with it. The risk of leaving their homes behind knowing that returning wasn't exactly an option. Along with the fact that they didn't have an exact idea of where they were going or where they would end up. They basically risked their lives just to be able to worship God freely and for their families to not have to dwell under England's unfair rulings. After crossing the relentless Atlantic with the tragic fact that some of their people were lost along the way, they officially made it to America. They arrived in the land that was going to be the start of their new lives, but it resulted in more than half of their population dead within the first few weeks of winter. Even though they faced many difficulties they still ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 45. How Lean's Helps A Sustainable Print Company How Lean Methodology Leads to a Sustainable Print Company Continual improvement is a goal for all print companies looking for future success. To become a sustainable company one needs to cut unnecessary costs and waste generated by doing business. Removing cost and waste may seem like simple things to do but finding the necessary changes and implementing these changes requires time and effort. A method used to accomplish this goal is lean manufacturing. Lean manufacturing is a continuous improvement practice that focuses on waste reduction. Waste in its simplest form is anything that is excessive and consumes resources. It can also be referred to as non–value–added activities that do not add value to the end product (Rizzo, 2008, 58). Sustainability on the other hand recognizes a print company's capability to satisfy the 3 dimensions: people, profit and environment (Wirtenberg, 2013). These three dimensions are referred to as the triple bottom line (TBL). Even when a business is making a profit, anything that does not create value for customers, fulfill employees' needs, and benefit the environment is wasteful and must be restructured to eliminate non–value–added activities (Wandiga, 2013).This is the philosophy of lean manufacturing; a beneficial concept that can help reduce the amount of wasted resources in a company and contribute to its sustainability. Knowing the theories behind lean and sustainability is not enough, print companies need to know how to implement ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 47. Essay On The Lion King As A Short Story AS THE THRONE ROOM CLEARS, Gawin pauses at the double doors, signaling with a slight nod to the Kingsmen guarding them. The Kingsmen returns Gawin's nods and closes the doors. At which point, Gawin glides–as if his feet never touched the floor–to a crestfallen King David, staring onwards in his throne with his right hand clenched into a fist, holding up his cleft chin. "Your grace," he asked, "is everything all right?" The King answered humbly, choosing an unburdensome subject matter to discuss. "My eldest son will soon wed." "The prince has chosen an excellent maiden to be his wife," Gawin said formally as if his Seeker's ability did not play a significant role in the betrothal. "Has his grace, finally found a suitor for your eldest daughter, Princess Kathrynne?" The lines around King David's eyes immediately soften, at the very mention of his daughter's name. He leans back in his massive throne, carved in the shape of a roaring lion (his family's crest), resting his head underneath the lion's mouth. "Seeker, I've chosen many suitors, but the Princess keeps rebuffing them," he tells him. The King's mind was more at ease in Gawin's presence–enough to speak openly–without fear of his Royal Seeker repeating his most intimate thoughts. "If my daughter wishes to be Queen someday," he adds, "she'll need to find a husband soon to appease the council and her future subjects." Invoking a sincere sympathy in Gawin from the King's pessimistic tone, making it visible to the Royal ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 49. Work Ethics Of Japanese Manufacturing Management Lean is a perfect way of approach if any task is to be done instantly and without waste which eventually helps in saving working capital and productivity. JIT(just–in–time) is a concept introduced by Toyota group to improve return on investment on inventory, which is also known as Japanese manufacturing management. According to general manager it may be possible using JIT techniques. The below are the considerable points to conclude with the appropriate decision. Lean Philosophy The basic factors can be summarised as: Management Discipline Waste control and Quality improvement JIT Techniques It focus on continuous improvements in quality of manufacturing. Efficient use of resource. Adopting work ethics of Japanese Reduce waste Better response for Consumer needs and supplier relationship. Works on 5S's of workplace improvement 1. To what extent could or should Deane expect to apply the philosophies and techniques of JIT/Lean to the running of a staircase cell? The physical key components for a stair case– Base rail, newel post, newel cap, treads, handrails, risers, spindle, strings. As per the given data the routing will be standard for the staircase, all the staircase are special and produced by timber in a large quantity with low cost. Mostly experienced joiners are also trained for specific works and long process of different products. Simple product structures which have routings with high repeatability are prime candidates for pull control. At the date of the case, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 51. Wipro 9–607–032 OCTOBER 16, 2006 DAVID M. UPTON BRADLEY R. STAATS Lean at Wipro Technologies "We want to bring the next generation of lean thinking into our processes and weave it into our system so it will lead to a sustainable competitive advantage." – Azim Premji, Wipro Chairman Sambuddha Deb ("Deb"), Wipro Technologies Chief Quality Officer and Head of Operational Excellence, and Alexis Samuel, General Manager Process, Tools and Productivity, each thanked the other attendees at the lean project review session and walked out the door together. The bright January sunshine and garden–like setting of the Wipro Technologies campus in Bangalore, India was a good match for their current moods. As they made their way to their cars ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Revenue was distributed globally with the United States, Europe and the rest of the world accounting for 67%, 27%, and 6% of total FY2005 revenue, respectively. Over 95% of Wipro employees had degrees in science or engineering prior to joining the company. While the company was an outsourced provider of software services it worked on projects both onsite (at a customer's location) and offshore (at Wipro facilities primarily in India). In 2005, the company completed approximately 75% of its work offshore and 25% onsite. Both cost pressure (work done offshore was relatively cheaper) and a shortage of work visas (particularly in the United States) were pushing Wipro to complete more work offshore. Wipro billed for its projects using one of two approaches. Its initial approach, known as time and materials (T&M), involved billing a client at a pre–specified rate for the actual number of hours that its software engineers worked on the project plus the cost of any software or tools required. In the newer approach, known as a fixed price project (FPP), Wipro quoted its customer a guaranteed price for the work and then was responsible for delivering the final product. Any effort overages on a FPP were the responsibility of Wipro. In 2005, the company's revenues were split approximately 80/20 between T&M and FPP, respectively. The percentage of FPP was growing as clients were becoming more comfortable with outsourced ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 53. Old Testament Bible Dictionary Project BIBLE DICTIONARY PROJECT Tania Clark L28322086 BIBL 104: B51 10/01/2016 Old Testament Bible Dictionary Project: Ruth The book of Ruth is a book about sacrifice, faith, patience, love, kindness, restoration, and fruitfulness. The basic literary is narrative and the authorship is believed to be Samuel written between 1020 – 1000 BC. The main personalities of this book are Ruth, Naomi, and Boaz. The Book of Ruth is about how a man named Elimelech takes his wife Naomi and their two sons Mahlon and Chilion from living in a town known as "the house of bread" in Bethlehem to the land of Moab on his own will to escape death. Here the two sons married unequally yoked Moab women by the names of Orpah and Ruth. All within a decade Naomi loses her husband and two sons to death. One day Naomi hears that God's favor has returned to Bethlehem and that food is available so Naomi decides to return. Not too far into the journey back to Bethlehem, accompanied by Orpah and Ruth, Naomi tells Orpah and Ruth to return to Moab but Ruth decides to continue with Naomi and follow God. Upon their arrival, the whole town was in a frenzy at the return of Naomi. When confronted about her identity she told them to call her Mara, which means bitter, and no longer Naomi which means pleasant. Ruth and Naomi returned at the beginning of the barley harvest and the next day Ruth took it upon herself to go to the field collect food. While out on the field a man by the name of Boaz, who is related to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 55. Katniss And Haymitch Communication to Haymitch strikes a stark resemblance to the way we pray to our Father in heaven. When Katniss was near death due to lack of water during the Games, she desperately begged aloud for water to be sent from Haymitch. When there was no response to her plea, no silver parachute containing the essential liquid, she started to doubt Haymitch. Katniss finally realized why he didn't send her water when the book explains her thoughts, "Maybe he's sending you a message, it says. A message. Saying what? Then I know. There's only one good reason Haymitch could be withholding water from me. Because he knows I've almost found it" (169). This starts the construction of Katniss and Haymitch's relationship that becomes a vital piece to Peeta ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Found within the book of Matthew in the New Testament is the parable of the foolish man and the wise man. The similarities from The Hunger Games are portrayed through the stark contrast of the Capitol and the districts. In this parable, "the foolish man" is depicted by the dictating Capitol, while "the wise man" stands for the destitute districts. A strong foundation of solid rock is used for building "the wise man's" house, which in this example would be the people's lives. Most of the district members build their lives upon firm ground, meaning high standards, moral character, humility, hard–work, and justice. They know that what the Capitol is doing is wicked and unjust. This builds a strong moral character inside them, placing their houses upon rock, so when the rains come down, and the floods come up, they will be able to stand steadfast amidst the destruction. On the other hand, the Capitol is symbolized as "the foolish man" because of their unwise decision to construct their lives upon loose and fluctuating sand. The sand is constituted of traits such as: shallowness, pride, laziness, selfishness, trivialness and de–sensitivity. Therefore, once the heavy rains come bearing down, they will simply be washed away. In this quote, the people of the Capitol are explaining how they felt or what they did when a certain event in the Hunger Games took place, " 'I was still in bed!' 'I had just had my eyebrows dyed!' 'I swear I nearly fainted!' Everything is about them, not the dying boys and girls in the arena" (354). The example of selfishness and shallow character is clearly depicted through this piece of dialogue in the novel. The selfishness of the Capitol, and the good–heartedness of the districts, establish a likeness to the bible story of the foolish man and the wise ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 57. Bibl 105 Essay 2 As Samuel grew in age he intended to appoint one of his sons as the king of Israel. His sons however did not follow the ways of their father or God. "They turned aside after dishonest gain and accepted bribes and perverted justice" (I Samuel 8:3). The people of Israel desired a king, "a king like all the other nations" (Hindson and Yates, 2012. P.164). The people had grown tired of oppression and felt that "the lack of a strong human leader as the cause and did not realize that the reason for the oppression was a spiritual on–their failure to serve God" (Harbin, 2005, p.219). Saul was not God's choice for the throne but "he was the people's choice" (Hindson and Yates, 2012. P.164). Saul's appointment as king was against the "old ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Saul perused David looking to kill him but God continued to protect David. When given the chance, David refused to kill Saul in the cave of En Gedi. Even after Saul's death David treated Saul with the respect deserving of one of the Lord's anointed. King David had sworn to Bathsheba, Solomon's mother, that her son would be king following him. Solomon was a wise man. When the Lord came to Solomon and allowed him to ask whatever he wanted Solomon asked for more wisdom. "Give me wisdom and knowledge, that I may lead this people, for who is able to govern this great people of yours?" (2 Chronicles 1:10). Solomon ruled with greatness and that was evident in the cities he built, the number of followers he had. Another sign of his greatness was the fact that the queen of Sheba ventured to Jerusalem just so she could lean at his feet and gained wisdom. Solomon married the daughter of a Pharaoh and formed an alliance with Egypt. Harbin (2005) states that "his political alliances proliferated; and in the midst of many marriages, economic success, and peace in the land, Solomon lost his spiritual zeal" (p. 251). It seems King Solomon has quite the love of women. This obsession of women eventually "turned his heart after other gods, and his heart was not fully devoted to the Lord his God, as the heart of David his father had been (I Kings 11:4). Solomon went as far as building temples to these gods and eventually worshiping at them. Due to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 59. Implementation of Lean Manufacturing Tools in Garment... Naresh Paneru Implementation of Lean Manufacturing Tools in Garment Manufacturing Process Focusing Sewing Section of Men's Shirt Implementation of Lean Manufacturing Tools in Garment Manufacturing Process Focusing Sewing Section of Men's Shirt Naresh Paneru Master's thesis Autumn 2011 Degree Programme in Industrial Management Oulu University of Applied Sciences Author: Title of Thesis: Naresh Paneru Implementation of lean manufacturing tools in garment manufacturing process focusing sewing section of Men's Shirt Thesis Supervisor: Degree: Graduation Year: Number of Pages: Hannu Päätalo Degree Programme in Industrial Management Autumn, 2011 72 + 8 ABSTRACT Traditionally operated garment industries are facing problems like low ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... 22 2.6.2 Continuous Improvement................................................................................ 24 2.6.3 Just in Time ..................................................................................................... 25 2.6.4 Total Productive Maintenance ........................................................................ 28 2.6.6 Waste Reduction Techniques .......................................................................... 31 2.6.7 Value Stream mapping .................................................................................... 32 2.7 Method Study ........................................................................................................ 33 2.8 Labor Standards and Work Measurements ............................................................ 33 2.8.1 Historical Experience ...................................................................................... 34 2.8.2 Time Studies ................................................................................................... 34 2.8.3 Predetermined Time Standards ....................................................................... 36 2.8.4 Work Sampling ............................................................................................... 36 6
  • 60. 2.9 Layout Design ....................................................................................................... ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 62. Brief Encounter Essay Is Brief Encounter best understood as a sober realist drama or as an imaginary love affair? Brief Encounter (1945), according to Dyer Richard's words (1993, p.9), is a 'lovely film', but also 'pretty much a good one too'. It indicates that this film conveys many symbolic meanings, such as how people struggle in forbidden love, but represents the reality as well, like women are vulnerable in a relationship. In this essay, it will be claimed from three aspects to prove the film is best understood as a sober realist drama. The first is about social realism, including pre–war nostalgia and low social position of women. Then it moves to the storyline, in order to show the logic of the narrative structure of this film. The last point is about the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... De la Roche argued that this film is limited by its 'mask of realism' (in Lant, A., 1991). But as Shell Magazine's comment, 'The merit of the film, and its charm, is to be found in its simplicity and sincerity' (in Lant, A., 1991, p.163). The content cannot simply be dismissed as fantasy to illustrate the fact that David Lean let the audiences pay more attention to women's situation and the trauma that war has made. From the thesis claimed above, Brief Encounter contributes most value to social realism as a sober realist ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 64. Lean On Lean Software Development Lean Summary Lean Software Development (LSD) is an implementation of Lean Principles in software development. In sum, every action that does not produce value is considered waste (muda) (Liker, 2005). The goal is to create a system (software development or otherwise) that is waste free. "Several Agile techniques can be used to achieve this in software development, making LSD and Agile similar at first glance (Austad, 2011)". Origin/History It is important to note the history of Lean and the history of Lean Software development (LSD) are two different histories. Lean and LSD are related but their histories are different. This history will focus on LSD. The term lean software development originated in a book written by Mary Poppendieck and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Empower the Team – In a traditional work environment, decisions are made from the top down. In a LSD, it works in reverse of that. "The lean approach favors the aphorism 'find good people and let them do their own job,' encouraging progress, catching errors, and removing impediments, but not micro–managing (Liker, 2005)." Defer Commitment – By deferring critical/irreversible, you keep your options open for as long as possible (Liker, 2005). Pros/Cons Pros o Delivering the product early means that the development team can deliver more functionality in a shorter period of time, hence enabling more projects to be delivered. o Empowerment of the development team helps in developing the decision making ability of the team members which in turn creates more motivation among team members ( 'Top 12 Software Development Methodologies And Its Advantages/Disadvantages ', 2014). Cons o Lean does not do very well in small dev teams where the projects are small and unpredictable (job shop and/or lots of support). o " The project sponsors and clients need to know what they want and make decisions they will stick to. In lean software development these decisions can be made later. But the problem is that project sponsors tend to be paralyzed by fear when it comes to making the tough decisions. And in lean the whole objective of using this over say agile methodology is to enable your development to be done faster and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 66. Danaher Case Study Introduction This case study is conducted to understand how information systems can help Danaher work leaner. Organizations now have to use technology to transform their business. Since the creation of the internet, it has brought many opportunities for innovative e–business that will be based on for new approaches to the business. The more businesses advertise on social media like Facebook, Twitter and other social media. There are also a lot of new information technology and information systems to help businesses to achieve their goals and make their work more effectively and more efficiently (Charts, & Reynolds, 2010). One example of a business using information technology and information systems to achieve their goals better is Shell ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Although the firm has been working on maximum efficiency, Tom Mathis has come up with a better solution to solve the problem. He plans to cut costs by purchasing supplies from overseas sellers. Mr. Mathis knew that this strategy would have increased the cost and time of delivery. The factory buyers should also take the time to investigate any potential new vendors. So he is using information technology to implement the program and to improve the process of inventory restocking. (Larenernest, 2010) However, workers have been so accustomed to the Kanban system that it is difficult for them to change the system, so there is a high resistance to change among the business. In addition, it is well–known that Microsoft managed to reduce inventory levels and increase production rates without significant investment in information technology. They settled with the traditional method of trying to adopt new methods and many operating firms were deliberately separated from the technology because the first thing the experts tell Kanban factory to do is to disconnect the Material Requirements Planning System (MRP). MRP is a system used to manage manufacturing processes in terms of production planning, scheduling, and inventory control. This causes another problem for Mr. Mathis since the firm does not have the internal resources needed to support the system that he wants to employ. (Carr, 2005) Question 2 From a ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 68. The Evolution Of Lean Manufacturing LEAN MANUFACTURING Origins of Lean Lean originally originated from Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) (McCarthy, 2015) in the early 1900's however it wasn't until the Toyota family introduced the Toyota Production System (TPS) into their company manufacturing operations that it began to gain recognition. In the 1950's, Toyota first implemented quality measures within the production lines process and hence the initial stages of continuous improvement. Taiichi Ono, who was the executive vice president, developed and implemented the renowned Toyota Production System (TPS) after the Second World War as a means of producing a highly effective and efficient manufacturing line for their products. Ono took great inspiration from Henry Ford's early lean concepts and applied it to meet the demand of their own Japanese market. This built the seeds of TPS, which today is better known as lean manufacturing (Womack&Jones, 1996). Nowadays, Lean is used globally throughout industry in all different sizes of enterprises that can depend on the successful implementation of Lean. (Herron, 2008). Toyota's success as one of the world's largest automotive manufacturers and leading Lean implementers stands as proof of Leans merits. (Institite, 2000–2016). This has led to enormous demand for knowledge on leans tools and techniques as companies continue to have success with its implementation. What is Lean? Lean is commonly referred to as a systematic methodology to approaching and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 70. General Motors with Lean Manufacturing General Motors with Lean Manufacturing An Introduction of GM Global Manufacturing System Operations Management Team Project Contributed by We Make A+ (sort by number): 유형근 – 2009 050 444 오슬기 – 2010 049 712 손무화 – 2010 054 149 주시건 – 2010 059 605 김학운 – 9125 620 120 Division of Business Administration, Hanyang Univ. ERICA Ansan, December 2012 Contents Part 1.Overview of General Motors 2 1.1 Why General Motors? 2 1.2 Introduction of General Motors 3 1.3 Basic Information 3 1.4 History of GM 4 1.5 GM's family 4 Part 2.Introduction of Lean Manufacturing 4 2.1 Definition 5 2.2 Lean and TPS 5 2.3 Theme: Efficiency 6 Part 3.GM's Global Manufacturing System 6 3.1 Application of Lean Manufacturing 6 3.2 ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... 1.3 Basic Information Industry – Automotive Founded – September 16, 1908 Founder(s) – William C. Durant Headquarters – Renaissance Center, Detroit, Michigan, the US Number of locations – 156 facilities on six continents
  • 71. Area served – Worldwide Product – Automobiles, Financial Service 1.4 History of GM 1908 | Founded by William. C. Durant | 1910–1929 | The rise of the automobile captured imaginations and sparked invention. | 1930–1959 | GM's commitment to innovation lent optimism during tumultuous world events. | 1960–1979 | GM offered forward–thinking answers to an increasingly eco–conscious world. | 1980–1999 | The close of the 20th century brought tremendous global growth for GM | 2000–2008 | Trying economic times saw GM embracing an enduring passion for innovation. | Today | We are passionate about designing, building and selling the world's best vehicles. This vision unites us as a team and is the hallmark of our customer–driven culture. | 1.5 GM's family Part 2.Introduction of Lean Manufacturing 2.1 Definition What is lean manufacturing(lean)? Lean manufacturing, lean enterprise, or lean production, often simply, "Lean," is a production practice that considers the expenditure of resources for any goal other than the creation of value for the end customer to be wasteful, and thus a target for elimination. Working from the perspective of the customer who consumes ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 73. Second Commander Henslowe Character Analysis Second Commander Henslowe stood at King Gabriel Wylie side, briefing him on the severity of the sickness and the plight it has become. "It has spread throughout the Northern Hills, killing the livestock and destroying the crops," he spoke in a dire tone with his back to the members of the king's council, the royal seeker, and his apprentices, placing horse pieces on the inflicted areas of a map of the realm. "My men have done everything the Royal Seeker Cornwallis has advised. And still, the death toll and the numbers of those afflicted have risen in the last hour." The king turns his head to the door, looking past Prince Fabian, who is the last to enter the study. "Where's uncle? He should've been here by now." Before anyone could answer him, Fabian was the first to ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... "Your majesty, I know what you're going to asks me, and the answer is still no. I know you want to believe, King David is responsible, but I yet to have a vision proving it." King Gabriel draws a deep breath. He needed someone, other than himself to blame. The king never pretended to be the most intelligent man in the room. He knew in doing so, he would lose his edge against his enemy. For him, his pleasure came from outsmarting those who underestimated him. He gazes at the horse pieces with a pensive stare, searching his mind for any resolution to aid him in ridding his lands of this ravaging plague, while those around him converse quietly amongst themselves. Time slowly ticks by with no solution to the threat consuming his realm. The king slumps back in his chair, feeling betrayed by his convictions, powerless to cure the uncertainty, wondering why the Gods had forsaken him by allowing misery and suffering to plague his life. He finally broke away from his thoughts, muttering them aloud for all to hear. "This doesn't make sense. Uncle should have been back by now. I wonder what's keeping ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 75. Narrative Essay On Kathrynne "Love is irrelevant to my cause," she returns and elaborates. "The one that I marry, the one that'll sit beside me, must never be seen as my equal. He must be willing to stand in my shadow, and allow me to lead." "You do not want a husband, you want a puppet," he snaps. "A marriage deride out of obligation to further your standing." Kathrynne exchanges glance with those that are dancing around them, discreetly eavesdropping on their entire argument. She looks back to Reinhold, upset that he has made her appear weak in front of those that have the power to dethrone her. "Reinhold...like you mention, we come from different stations in life. And we both need to except that we want different things when it comes to marriage," she concludes. "I'm sorry, but this can never be." She storms off, pushing through those in her path. Reinhold thought to follow, but Kathrynne was half way across the ballroom when the horns gave a celebratory ring, signaling the start of the next song. He lingers, crush by the weight of her words. Silently praying, this is not how their story ends. At the same time, Princess Kathrynne looks around to those that are standing near her, making sure no one noticed as she wipes her wet ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... That is why she has been studying the laws of war, in secret from Lieutenant Colet–who believes in the prophecy. By training and learning, she hopes to convince her doubters that she is the perfect choice in stabilizing the realm and restoring peace, as well as protecting her people from invasion– whether they are from across the sea or over their boarders. However, none of her efforts will succeed, until she finds a worthy husband that will increase her standing with those that question her abilities to embody her father's ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 77. The Effect Of Lean Production On A Process Plant Essay REVIEW OF "THE USE OF LEAN PRODUCTION IN A PROCESS PLANT" HARRY DEBOLE Griffith School of Engineering, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD4222, Australia This paper presents a review of the use of Lean Production in a process plant. It defines lean production as a process putting into consideration the history and the reason it was formulated. It also considers the application, benefits and the barriers to the effective maximization of the process. Keywords: Lean Production, Process plant, Definition, Applications, Benefits, Conclusion 1. Definition Any activity in a process, which does not add value to the customer, is called 'waste'. Sometimes the waste is a necessary part of the process and adds value to the company and this cannot be eliminated, e.g., financial controls. Lean production is based on the principles and working processes of the Toyota Production System (TPS), and has been defined as doing more with less. In its simplest terms, lean production can be described as the elimination of waste. It has been most prominent in discrete, repetitive assembly– type operations. Liker suggests that the goals of lean production are highest quality, lowest cost, and shortest lead–time. Lean production can be considered as a philosophy and as a set of tools and practices for the continuous improvement of operations. 2. Brief History of Lean Production In order to understand lean production system, it is important to understand it in its historical perspective first. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 79. Compare And Contrast David And The Evolution Of Art The evolution of art, be it paintings, sculpture, poetry or music has impacted the world towards a more observant and intelligent society. The Renaissance was a movement that saw the reemergence of realistic depiction of human form and nature. These artists were inspired by the ancient Greek and Roman art and it's culture. Renaissance masterpieces incorporated accurate and harmonious proportions of the human body and balanced, well thought out compositions relating to the ideas of an ideal world. The Baroque movement came right after the Renaissance. It was developed in Rome, by the Catholic church in the hope of reinventing itself. This style used a lot of drama and grandeur to create a sense of awe. Considering our artistic heritage as a ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Their beauty and perfection is one of the reasons why it's still considered a masterpiece. Their creators have left us enough evidence of their mastery and are immortals because of their work. The intention here is to compare the differences and similarities of ; Michelangelo Buonarroti's and Gianlorenzo Bernini's representation of David. According to the Old Testament, (Samuel, book 1) David was a shepherd who was among the battle lines of the Israelites and who accepted the challenge to fight Goliath, champion of the Philistines, one on one. David came out victorious despite the lack of protection and armoury by cutting Goliath's head off after bringing him down from his horse with a single stone shot. David, since then is considered a symbol of bravery and intelligence. He's also a symbol of hope and strength for the weak. He is the proof that there are other more important virtues aside from physical strength that confide power. Due to this important symbology many artists decided to create their own representation of how they saw this brave figure while giving a very important message to the spectators. Some of these artists are Donatello, Ghiberti Verrocchio, Michelangelo and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 81. Questions On Tech 145 Lean Manufacturing Essay ZapLabs for Tech 145 Lean Manufacturing Professor: David Steele Submitted by Brandon Anstett, Bruck Tesfaye, Harjas Rakhra, and Stephan Daniels 12/13/2016 1 Index 1. Introduction......................................................................... 3 a. 1.1) Statement of the Problem........................................... 4 b. 1.2) Purpose of the Study............................................... 4 c. 1.3) Assumptions of the Study.......................................... 4 d. 1.4) Limitations of the Study............................................ 5 2. Methodology...................................................................... 5 3. Result............................................................................... 6 a. 3.1) Current State Value Stream Map Analysis........................ 6 b. 3.2) Future State Value Stream Map Analysis......................... 10 4. Discussion.......................................................................... 12 5. Time Log........................................................................... 12 6. Conclusion.......................................................................... 13 2 Introduction Today there is a huge demand for information technology in most types of business. With so much demand, there is also a huge cost involved when implementing IT solutions to a business. Because of this, most IT departments are trying their best to offer low cost, high quality solutions. The research done for this project focuses on ways to reduce overall lead time in the software development cycle for the software manufacturing company ZapLabs. By reducing the lead time involved in receiving and completing tickets from customers, ZapLabs can reduce costs while offering a more quality product based on each individual customer 's needs and requests. In order to identify, sort, and resolve issues in the process flow that can bring the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...