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Louis i kahn iim ahmedabad

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Architectural study of iim ahmedabad designed by louis i kahn

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Louis i kahn iim ahmedabad

  1. 1. LOUIS I KAHN BY: MohdKhizer Mohd Tanzil faraz
  2. 2. Born February 20, 1901 on Saaremmaa Island in Kuressaare. Kahn's Jewish parents immigrated to the United States in 1906. His given name at birth was Itze- Leib Schmuilowsky but was changed upon arrival in the US. Kahn worked as an architect,drafstman,design critic,professor and scholar. On March 17, 1974, he died of a heart attack.
  3. 3. BUILDING = HUMAN WILL TO BE DESIRE TO BE WILL TO EXPRESS
  4. 4. • Kahn's architecture is notable for its simple, forms and compositions. • Kahn design of buildings, characterized by powerful, massive forms. • Through the use of brick and poured-in place concrete masonry, he developed a contemporary and monumental architecture that maintained sympathy for the site and did not loose its proportion. • Louis Kahn's work infused International style with a highly personal taste, poetry of light and exposing the materials without altering.
  5. 5. • THE ROOM IS THE BEGINNING OF ARCHITECTURE • THE PLAN IS A SOCIETY OF ROOMS • A LONG STREET IS A SUCCESSION OF ROOMS. • THE CITY IS A PLACE OF ASSEMBLED INSTITUTION. • THE ROOM & PLAN, THE STREET & CITY = INSTITUTIONS BASED ON HUMAN AGREEMENT
  6. 6. • ‘I do not like ducts; I do not like pipes. I hate them really thoroughly, but because I hate them so thoroughly, I feel they have to be given their place. If I just hated them and took no care, I think they would invade the building and completely destroy it.’- LOUIS I KAHN
  7. 7. While Louis Kahn was designing the National Assembly Building in Bangladesh in 1962, he was approached by an admiring Indian architect, Balkrishna Doshi, to design the 66 acre campus for the Indian Institute of Management in Ahmedabad, India.
  8. 8. Year of completion : 1963 Chief Architect : Louis I. Khan B.V Doshi Anant Raje Site Area : 66 Acres Building :Contemporary style
  9. 9. • BRICK HAS BEEN USED AS PRIMARY BUILDING MATERIAL FOR THE ENTIRE COMPLEX WALLS. • BRICK ARCHES HAVE BEEN USED FOR WIDER SPANS. • CONCRETE HAS BEEN RESTRICTED TO FLOOR SLABS, FOUNDATIONS AND TIES FOR ARCHES.
  10. 10. The Academic complex comprises of the following :- • Library • School Building • Faculty blocks • Dormitories • Louis Khan Plaza
  11. 11. • The library building is five storyed structure with rectangular plan. • It is approached by a broad, imposing flight of steps from the parking lot. • The design has been conceived to entail movement from the active spaces to most private and quite carrels at the farthest reaches. • FIRST FLOOR :Main reading hall • SECOND FLOOR : Accommodate triple height reading hall and conference hall. • THIRD FLOOR : Accommodates bound volumes of journals. • FOURTH FLOOR : Has bound volumes of old books and journals.
  12. 12. PLAN
  13. 13. SECOND FLOOR PLAN
  14. 14. ENTRANCE READING HALL
  15. 15. OFFICES ON GROUND FLOOR RAMP LEADING TO DORMS AND CLASS ROOMS
  16. 16. • The shape of classroom is hexagonal • The Design of class room is based on the seminar type interaction between the students and the faculty. • Windows are high to get glare free light.
  17. 17. • The shape of each dormitory block is square with two residential wings, triangular lounge and a service area. • THE POSITION OF THE STAIRCASEAND WASHROOM ARE MEANT TO PROTECT THE LIVING ROOM FROM SUN ANDGLARE WITHOUT OBSTRUCTING AND THE BREEZE AND VENTELATION. • The Dorns are placed one behind the other To Obtain the much needed breeze and cross ventelation.
  18. 18. Dormitory Block Courtyard between Dormitory blocks
  19. 19. • Instead of small courtyard, one large court has been planned in the center to relate the movement around.
  20. 20. • CAPACITY : 550 SEATS • AREA • ENTRANCE LOBBY : 560 Sq feets • FOYER : 560 Sq feets • AUDITORIUM HALL : 3000 Sq feets • CONFERENCE ROOM : 200 Sq feets • SEMINAR ROOM :400 Sq feets Each
  21. 21. GROUND FLOOR PLAN FIRST FLOOR
  22. 22. • MANAGEMENT DEVLOPMENT CENTER IS LOCATED TOWARDS ESTERN EDGE OF THE CAMPUS. IT HAS BEEN PLANNED AS A SELF CONTAINED UNIT WITH ACADEMIC AREA, OFFICES, EXECUTIVES HOSTELS AND DINING FACILITIES. • IT IS A DOUBLE STORYED BUILDING WITH A BASEMENT AND HAS A U SHAPE PLAN ENCLOUSING A COURT IN BETWEEN • THERE ARE TWO LECTURE HALLS, TWO CONFERENCE ROOMS AND EIGHT SYNDICATE ROOMS IN THE MDC BUILDING.
  23. 23. • The large façade omissions are abstracted patterns found within the Indian culture that were positioned to act as light wells and a natural cooling system protecting the interior from India’s harsh desert climate.
  24. 24. • National Assembly Building of Bangladesh • One of the largest legislative complexes in the world. • Houses all parliamentary activities of Bangladesh . • Construction of the Jatiya Shangshad Bhaban began in 1961 by the Government of Pakistan as a permanent building for the federal administration of both West and East Pakistan.
  25. 25. • 1.Beginning of construction: 1961 • 2.Completed on:28 January 1982 • 3.Cost of construction and design:129 crore • 4.Material used: concrete blocks • 5.Total area: 200 acres
  26. 26. • The Main Building • Consists of 9 individual blocks • 8 peripheral blocks (height=110 ft) • 4 offices • 1 prayer hall • 1 Minister’s lounge • 1 Dinning & Recreation • 1 Ablution court
  27. 27. • The main building (the Bhaban) is divided into three parts: • Presidential Plaza: 65,000 square feet • The Main Plaza: 823,000 square feet • South Plaza: 223,000 square feet
  28. 28. • Average height 117 ft • Consists of the Parliament Chamber, two platform and two galleries for VIP visitors with a parabolic shell proof.
  29. 29. • The most interesting things is, there is not a single column in the entire building. Hollow columns that are parts of space enclosures have been adapted as structur • Kahn's complex may be credited with more than one innovations : • The scale of the building • The use of as caste concrete • The use of exposed brick masonry • Frankie pile foundation were not attempted in Bangladesh before al supports.
  30. 30. • The concrete surface bear the imprint of the structure • No paint and plaster was used to maintain the purity of the surface
  31. 31. The use of exposed brick masonry Frankie Pile foundation was used

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