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Charles correa

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Charles correa

  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  Born in Hyderabad, India in 1930.  Studied at the University of Michigan and Massachusetts Institute of Technology.  Established a private practice in Bombay in 1958.  Work in India - development, understanding and adaptation of Modernism to non-western culture.  Attempt to explore a local vernacular within a modern environment.  Emphasis on prevailing resources, energy and climate as major determinants in ordering of space.  ‘Open-to-sky-space’ pervasive theme in his architecture Charles Correa 2
  3. 3. ACHIEVEMENTS  Pioneering work in urban issues and low cost shelter in the Third World.  Appointed Chairman of the National Commission on Urbanization in 1985.  Founded the Urban Design Research Institute in Bombay - dedicated to protection of built environment & improvement of urban communities in 1984.  An international lecturer and traveller, awarded the RIBA Royal Gold Medal in 1984, the Aalto Medal, UIA Gold Medal in 1990, Aga Khan award for architecture, Praemium Imperiale of Japan  Padma Shree (1972) and Padma Vibhushan (2006) Charles Correa 3
  4. 4. TUBE HOUSING  First ‘Tube House’ developed in 1962, in Ahmadabad, due to the climatic conditions there.  Complete anti-thesis of his ‘open-to-sky’ concept.  Narrow dwelling, 12’ wide.  Sloped roofs and vents situated at the point of intersection, barely open to sky.  To shield the house in the heat of the day, protecting inner volume from the sun. Charles Correa 4
  5. 5.  Each unit shaped so that hot-air rises up and escapes from top – venturi effect Sets convection currents of natural ventilation No doors, windows; privacy created by various levels Pergola grid over internal courtyard for security Charles Correa 5
  6. 6. OPEN-TO-SKY CONCEPT  Can make a decisive difference between livable habitat and claustrophobia.  Particularly for low-income groups.  Even in reasonably dense housing, individual terrace/gardens can be given; e.g.: Jeevan Bima Township, Borivili. Charles Correa 6
  7. 7.  Not only improves living condition, but also has economic value in a developing country like India. These principles were also applied to high-rise buildings in Mumbai. E.g. : Sonmarg Apartments (1962), Mumbai Another variation: to turn this verandah into a garden, preferable of double height. E.g. : Kanchenjunga apartment, Mumbai SONMARG KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENT APARTMENT Charles Correa 7
  8. 8. SONMARG APARTMENTS Year: 1961-66 Location: Mumbai Climate : Rainy and hot Category: High rise residential ABOUT THE DESIGN: early attempt to deal with the context and climate of Mumbai. The apartment featured here is a typical flat in the building, which has been occupied by a number of users over a large span of time. Charles Correa 8
  9. 9. Auxiliary spaces for protectionProtection for master bedroom In order to create two lines of defense against the rain and the sun, the architect has arranged a belt of auxiliary spaces to form a zone of protection around the main living areas. Charles Correa 9
  10. 10. KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENTS Year : 1970-83 Client: T.V. Patel Location: Mumbai Climate: Hot & Rainy Category: High Rise Luxury Residence ABOUT THE DESIGN: In Mumbai buildings are oriented east west to catch prevailing winds and also to get the best views (sea facing). The flip side of the coin being the brunt of the hot sun, heavy monsoon rains. The solution was simply using verandahs all around the living spaces as a protection. The design tries to apply this protection principles on a high rise building Charles Correa 10
  11. 11. The high rise houses 36 luxury apartments of 4 different types ,varying from 3 to 6 bedrooms each. This variation results in a complex interlocking variation of spaces which is expressed externally by the shear end walls that hold up the cantileversOPENTERRACE Typical section showing interlock of basic units Charles Correa 11
  12. 12. STRUCTURE:Made of reinforced concrete.Central core houses lifts & other services.It also resists lateral loads.Central core was constructed before the mainStructure by ‘Slip Method of construction, whichwas used for the first time in India for amulti- storeyed building. Charles Correa 12
  13. 13. JAWAHAR KALA KENDRA Year: 1986-92 Location: Jaipur It is an arts centre dedicated to Jawaharlal Nehru Like the city, it is also double coded: a contemporary building based on an archaic notion of the cosmos: the Navagraha Mandala. One of the squares moved aside to provide entry, just like it was in the original city plan of Jaipur Charles Correa 13
  14. 14. Charles Correa 14
  15. 15.  External walls, 8m high, clad in Red Agra Stone. On these external walls, presence of each planet is expressed by inlaying on a square white marble with polished black granite and mica. These are expressed in their traditional symbols. Central square is a void – true source of all energy Charles Correa 15
  16. 16. Charles Correa 16
  17. 17. BRITISH COUNCIL Year: 1987-92 Location: Delhi Materials: walls – red sandstone sculptures: black rock quarried from Mahabalipuram It is the headquarters of their office in India Houses a library, an auditorium and an art gallery too These elements are arranged in a series of layers – represents the historic interfaces that have existed between India and Britain. 3 nodal points along the axis, representing 3 principle belief systems existing in the Indian sub- Charles Correa 17 continent.
  18. 18.  The 1st node at the farthest end of the axis: mundi of Hinduism a spiral symbolizing bindu – energy centre of the cosmos The central node: it is the main courtyard. Derived from the Islamic ‘Char Bagh’ The 3rd is a European icon, inlaid in marble and granite. represents ‘Age of Reason’ including mythical values of Science and Progress. Charles Correa 18
  19. 19. SITE PLAN Charles Correa 19
  20. 20. LONGITUDUNAL SECTION Charles Correa 20
  21. 21. Charles Correa 21
  22. 22. CHAMPALIMAUD CENTRE FOR THE UNKNOWN Opened on the 5th of Oct 2010 Location: Lisbon, Portugal. on the waterfront of Pedrouços Location has historical significance as Portuguese pioneers sailed from this location to discover the ‘unknown lands’ Presence of this centre creates an inspirational link between the discoveries of yesteryear and the epic adventure of scientific research. Charles Correa 22
  23. 23.  Has a curved stone form with circular cut- aways. Comprises two buildings, first - research laboratories and treatment rooms, second housing an auditorium and exhibition area. A central pathway crosses the site between the buildings, leading towards two monolithic stone sculptures and an outdoor amphitheatre. Above the pathway, a glass tubular bridge connects the two buildings together. Charles Correa 23
  24. 24.  Attempted to use NATURE as therapy. The WATER around us. The SKY above. The healing presence of RAIN FORESTS. All these are therapies for the patients. Uses the highest levels of contemporary science & medicine to help people grappling with real problems; cancer, brain damage, blindness. Charles Correa 24
  25. 25.  The buildings are arranged to create a 125 m long pedestrian pathway leading diagonally across the site, towards open seas. Pathway is on an incline so that when walking upwards one can see only the sky ahead. At the top of the ramp there are two stone monoliths, straight from the quarry From the highest point, a large body of water is visible which appears to connect to the ocean beyond. In the centre of the water body, just below the surface, is an oval shaped stainless steel object, slightly convex so that it reflects the blue sky and the passing clouds above Charles Correa 25
  26. 26. GROUND FLOOR Charles Correa 26
  27. 27. FIRST FLOOR Charles Correa 27
  28. 28. OTHER PROMINENT WORKS National Crafts Museum, Delhi Vidhan Bhavan, Bhopal Charles Correa 28
  29. 29. Bharat Bhavan, Bhopal Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore Charles Correa 29
  30. 30. City Centre Mall, Kolkata JNIDB, Hyderabad Charles Correa 30
  31. 31. Kovalam Beach Resort, Kerala Bay Island Resort, Andaman & Nicobar Islands Charles Correa 31
  32. 32. Permanent Mission Of India to UN, New York IUCAA, Pune Charles Correa 32
  33. 33. THANK YOU Krithika Prakash B.Arch/1031/2010 Semester – V Dept. of Architecture Charles Correa 33

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