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Film institute and film studious

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Film institute and film studious

  1. 1. Film institute and film studious Submitted by, Mohd tanzeel faraz 3pd12at025 Pdacek Guide, Ar.Shashikala Mama (Issue: Sustainability)
  2. 2. • Introduction(Topic) • Literature study • Data collection • Introduction (Issue) • Case study on issue • Desktop case study >Film and television institute of india >Annapurna film institute >Kantana institute of thailand • Comparative analysis • Design concepts • Bibliography Contents
  3. 3. Introduction Film has emerged as one of the most influential art form of our age As there are great books, now there are great film. Film making is a complete team effort which involve many aspect. Good film is perfect blend of aesthetics and technology History of indian cinema is marked by screening of a short film by luminaries brother’s cinematography in 1896 at bombay The first more toward dramatic film was forwarded by r.C torney along with n.G chitra for the film pundalik in 18 may 1912 in mumbai Next major film by d.G phalke the harischandra in 1913. He is called as father of indian cinema Aim: Devising a programme that activates it physically, functionally, and socially this could give rise to new architectural typology. Physically through form , functionally through programme and socially through space created
  4. 4. Institutional aim To promote all aspects of the film, video, audio, animation and performing arts media and to foster education and awareness among students and the community. OBJECTIVE Institutional: •To encourage interest in and study of films as a form of art and as a medium of information and education •To create awakening and promote new, deserving talent in respective fields of film art •Creation of wealth through the filmmaking. •Creation of employment. To encourage education and research through publications and training
  5. 5. Feasibility of project Film is most influential art form of our age. Now a day most of student is interested in film, acting and film making. To study courses of film student are mainly going to Mumbai,if we propose film institute at Bangalore student will take admission in Bangalore and also culture and heritage of karnataka will be imbibed. Architectural •Well adapt to their purpose. •Simple, direct & functional. • No ornament Expressive of their structure and materials •Concept of free flowing space, designing of structure not only to blend with the natural site but to maximize interaction between indoors and out. •Providing good atmosphere in campus so that they get interest in study. •New material and construction technology. Recreational facilities. •In the state of Karnataka with rich heritage and culture almost all the film institute facility are established around Mumbai if film and TV institute is designed in Bangalore so people of whole Karnataka can get benefits.
  6. 6. Scope PROJECT SITE BRIEFSCOPE OF DESIGN REQUREMENTSAIM & OBJECTIVE DETAIL OF PROJECT DATA COLLECTION ANALYSIS CONCEPT PRELIMINARY DESIGN FINAL DESIGN CASE STUDYLIBRARY STUDIES CONCLUSION & DESIGN GUIDELINE Methodology Institutional block Admin block Library Canteen Exhibition hall Animation Recording studio Shooting studio Open air theater Hostels Recreational facilities
  7. 7. Literature study •Indian Cinema history can be traced back to 1896. •It is when the famous Lumiere Brother’s of France demonstrated six soundless short films in Bombay. •Harishchandra Bhatvadekar made India’s first short film by 1899 • The 30’s is the decade of social protest in the history of Indian Cinema. •The 30’s saw sweeping changes to the industry. •Three major film centres were devoloped in Bombay, Calcutta and Madras. •Bombay was known for making of films geared for National distribution. •Calcutta and Madras were known for their regional films. 1940’s – 1950’s •In this period, the films occurred with concentration on vibrant song and dance. •The emergence of ‘playback singing’ took place. •Music became as an important ingredient in Indian Cinema. •South Indian Cinema gained prominence throughout India with the release of S.S.Vasan’s ‘Chandralekha’. The first full length Indian feature film ‘RAJA HARISHCHANDRA’  It is the silent Indian film directed and produced by Dadasaheb Phalke in 1913.  The film had an all-male starcast, as no woman was available for playing female lead in the film, so the men played all the roles, and was 3700 feet long.
  8. 8. Kisan Kanya was a 1937 Hindi feature film directed by Moti B. Gidvani. It is largely remembered by the Indian public on account of it being India's first colour film.  He laid the foundation for the beginning of a regular feature film industry in India.  The highest award in India Cinema is given in the name of Dadasaheb Phalke from the year 1969. Dadasaheb Phalke Award First Colour Film ‘KISAN KANYA’
  9. 9. Data collection
  10. 10. DESIGN GUIDELINE SUN PROOF FABRIC COVERING:- •Fabric soils which induce 95% of sun light entering into building. •Cavity wall is used for insulation. •The orientation of building will not be over looked and care should be taken that it is not exposed to sun for maximum hours •Proper zoning of the activity made and parking facility provided •Silent zone for classes and library •Buffer and green provided to reduce noise •Best suitable open air theatre create good viewing point and also give viewer best view •Use of new material, new building techniques •Court yard planning which responds to hot climate is preferable and also more open space are required for student practice •Provide enough ground width around the building for easy fire truck access LANDSCAPE:- Deciduous trees provide shade in summer and sun light in winter. ROOF:-Roof covered with a reflective coating that emissivity property which is very effective in reflecting sun radiation. SHADING OF WALLS:-Shading of cast and west wall through.
  11. 11. Issue:Sustainability(Materials) Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. - Sustainability, World Commission 1987 AIM: TO OUR FAMILIES-PAST,PRESENT AND FUTURE GENERATIONS • Towards the end of twentieth century the word sustainable (and sustainability) entered into the consciousness of architects and became an essential concern in the discourse of architecture. • Although there is much written about the urgency of taking sustainability seriously,and much advice about building techniques to adopt,there was very little which addressed the interrelated issues of the sociocultural,ethical,professional and technological complexities of ‘sustainable architecture’. • “It is very important to understand the complexities which are relatively self- contained and how architects conceptualized sustainability in the design of houses”. • “Sustainable architecture is a revised conceptualization of architecture in response to myriad of contemporary concerns about the effects of human activity”. • to perform beautiful acts”.
  12. 12. Sustainable architecture aims at-  Minimum usages of non-renewable resources  Enhancing the natural environment  Eliminating or minimizing the use of toxic materials How should we go for it..? 1. Think Small PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE THAT CAN BE INCORPORATED IN DESIGNING OF FILM INSTITUE AND FILM STUDIOS 2. Heat With the Sun 3. Use Renewable Energy 4. Keep Your Cool 5. Conserve Water 6. Use Local Materials 7. Use Natural Materials 8. Save the Forests 10. Build to Last 11. Grow Your Food 12. Store Your Own Food •Careful selection of environmentally sustainable building materials is the easiest way for architects to begin incorporating sustainable design principles in building. Traditionally price has been the foremost consideration when comparing similar materials or materials designated for the same function •The use of readily available, environment-friendly materials contributes towards a sustainable habitat. An environmentfriendly material is made from recycled material that uses only renewable energy in its extraction,production, and transport, and can be reclaimed and recycled.
  13. 13. 6. Use Local Materials When you’re building a home out of materials harvested in some distant land, they have to travel a long way to make it to your little plot. This creates an unnecessarily high carbon footprint and also reduces the level of control you have over how those materials are harvested. But if you use local materials, as will be the case with Gaza’s 20 new Eco-Schools, your carbon footprint shrinks considerably and benefits your local economy. 7. Use Natural Materials Natural materials not only have more aesthetic appeal, at least in our view, but it turns out that they are better for our health. A home that is built with a porous natural material such as mud or stone or lime breaths and promotes natural circulation in the home. Anything else creates a terribly unhealthy internal environment. Natural materials also promote day lighting and superior acoustics, whereas all kinds of interventions are required in more artificial surroundings. 9. Recycle Materials We belong to a throwaway culture – something the earth’s finite resources simply can’t support. Recycling materials not only gives new life to something discarded or disused, but also provides an opportunity to be creative and resourceful. See how old windows have been given new life is this wonderful design project.
  14. 14. In order to estimate the environmental impact of a construction material, it is necessary to consider all stages in the life of the material Production Of Material Construction Life CycleDemolition Brick Wood Aluminium Steel TANDUR STONE
  15. 15. The use of locally available material like stone, exposed brick, laterite or mud tend to reduce the over all foot print of the project.
  16. 16. INTORDUCTION OF MATI GHAR Capturing the concept of time in all aspects of design and construction. The Mati Ghar is directed not by engineering construction or aesthetic guide lines alone but is meant to develop the harmonious design thought of an endless space and the "cosmic dimension of a temporal reality". GROUND FLOOR PLAN FRIST FLOOR PLAN
  17. 17. CASE STUDTY : 1 FILM AND TELEVISION INSTITUTE OF INDIA •Name : Film and television institute of India •Location : In the premises of the Prabhat studios, pune. •Area : Presently 22 acres in use and 34 acres for future expansion. •Date of commencement : year 1961 •Client : Ministry of Information and broadcasting. Foreign collaboration : Member of international Liaison Centre for cinema & Television Schools (CILECT )
  18. 18. A wide symmetrical road divides the whole campus of the FTII into two parts. One part is having the TV building, Director’s Office, Canteen, Boys Hostel, Play Ground and the other part is having the Studios, Main theatre, Girls Hostel, Director’s Bungalow and Security check Point. The is symmetry is further marked by the Tree lined avenue. Sound Recording & Editing Dept (Audiography) :- 1) This is new building exclusively for sound recording & sound editing purpose. 2) The microphone used on the location are very sensitive & catch the desired as well as undesired sounds on site. Thus all the sounds involved in the scene need to be dubbed or re-recorded. Also the desired background music is recorded after the shoot. 3) The department includes studios for re-recording, effects recording, sync & non-sync dubbing, background music, etc. 4) The departments building houses the following functions •Recording studios – 3nos •Editing rooms – •Classrooms – 2 nos •Electronic laboratory – 1no. •Staff room – 1 no. •Control & projection room – 2 nos •Toilets 5) Total built up area of the building- 1059 sq.m
  19. 19. •The site is divided along the lateral axis and forms 3 zones. •The zones at the extreme ends consist of residential buildings and huge open spaces in the front. •The remaining zone, which forms the centre, consists of the administration and academic departments. This is the main institutional area of the campus. •The residential buildings have the maximum advantage of the open spaces. •Since all the institutional buildings are part of the same zone, the movement during working hours gets convenient. •As the vehicular access cuts through the pedestrian zones, the pedestrian movement gets disturbed, thus making it uncomfortable. •The institutional zone is further divided into film wing and television wing. The film wing lies on the northern part of the campus, while the T.V. wing is no the south side.
  20. 20. BULDING SYSTEM – •It is a RCC frame structure with cavity walls all around for better sound insulation. •All the studios, laboratories and class rooms are air conditioned, which is a centralized sy`stem. •The A.C plant for the building is placed adjacent to the building. Recording Studios :- 1) A recording studio is totally sound & dirt proof. Cut off lobbies are provided at the entrance of every studio, where footwear is removed. 2) The recording studio includes a projection screen along with recording machines. 3) The studios are attached with a control room which is completely sound isolated and can hear only the sounds recorded by the recording machines. 4) A projector room is placed just above the control room from where the edited film is projected & viewed while recording. 5) The projection of the film can also be controlled from the control room making it convenient.ACCOUNT TREATMENT - •All studios are air conditioned •The acoustical treatment of the studios should be such that the there is no reverberation of sound Reverberation time should not be more than 1 sec and ideally it should be 0.8 sec. •Studio has a false ceiling of depth 700 mm accommodating all electrical services the ceiling consists of perforated acoustic panels which absorb sound •Flooring is of soft carpet which does not make any noise and dose not allow echo in studio I the flooring is wooden but causes problem as it creates noise when –one walks on it •Up to the height of 1.2 m wooden panels are fixed which absorb the low frequency sound special perforated panels along with wooden panels are fixed .
  21. 21. Building System:- •Both the studios are very old, constructed in the period on 1940s. •It’s a long span structure with brick piers 600X600mm. •The roof is pitched with a roofing of fibrecrete sheets 1.50.75m in size and corrugated A.C sheets on top. •The roof is supported by a steel truss with steel rafters and purlins. •The max height of the studio I is around 16m and studio II is 10m. •The mezzanine floor inside are supported on teel stanchions with wooden planks just placed on them.
  22. 22. Film Processing Laboratory:- •The building is located in the north campus and consists of both, the film processing laboratory and th film editing department. •The laboratory is operational for the processing of the black and white films only. •This is only institute in the country which has a laboratory of its own. •The laboratory is equipped with two developing machines. One for 35mm film and the other for 16mm film. •The film processing consists of the following spaces, •Dark rooms with developing machines- 2nos. •The developing room I son the first floor, the chilling plant is on the ground floor and the silver recovery unit on the second floor. Both, the chilling plant and the recovery u nit are accessed from the developing room only. •Total ground coverage of lab – 460 sq.m •Chilling plant room- 1 nos. •Silver recovery unit room- 1 no. •Maintenance room & store- 1 no. each •Painting room- 1 no. •Film grading room
  23. 23. Indoor Shooting Studio :- •There are 2 indoor shooting studios in the campus, both are placed on the north side. •The studio I complex consists of the following a) Shooting space b) Storage c) Prabhat museum. d) Staff rooms- 12 nos e) Guest rooms, make-up rooms, toilets, etc. 3) Total ground coverage area 870 sq. m. 4) The structure consists of 3 bays, one with all the staff rooms, guest rooms etc. while the central bay is the shooting space and the last bay is storage and the museum. 5) Ground floor consists of 12 staff rooms of 3X6 m each. Above these rooms there are guest rooms, rest rooms, make-up rooms and toilets for the shooting unit and actors. 6) On the other side of the studio there is a storage for the set material and the prabhat museum. Main Building:- •The main building is on the south side of the campus. It is an L-shaped building, of which one arm consists of the TV wing and the other arm consists of all the administration and also academic departments. The TV wing consist of the following a) TV Studios- 2 nos b) Respective control rooms- 2 nos c) Master Control room- 1 no. d) Make-up room- 2 nos e) Costume & Property store- 1 no f) Preview theatre- 1 no g) Video library- 1 no. h) Conference room- 1 no. (40 capacity i) Video editing rooms- 6 nos
  24. 24. Classrooms- 3 nos PLANS
  25. 25. TV Studios:- •Both the studios are of size 9X12mm, attached with a lights control room each 3X6m. •The control room is located on the first floor level, which is of size 6X9m. Rubber mat flooring is provided. Walls are also treated acoustically using perforated panels. TV Editing Room:- •The total number of students for the course is 10, but the number of rooms provided is only 6 which is inadequate. The students use these rooms in batches. •The size of each room is 2X3 m. Master Control Room:- •All the videos cameras in the studio are controlled from the master control room. •Size of the room is 6X6m. Other spaces associated with master contorl are, video tape recording(VTR), maintenance room and store. Main Theatre:- •The auditorium is situated in one of the old studios of Prabhat time, so it has got no defined elevation. It is used for performing as well as screening. •Presently the capacity of the auditorium is 250 which would be insufficient for an increased no. of students. •Also the space is found to be inadequate to accommodate a large no. of people on special events like drama or movie programme which are usually kept open for outsiders & ex-students. •A camera department is attached to the theatre which consists of stores and maintenance rooms for different types of cameras.
  26. 26. Residential Facilities:- •The campus include girls and boys hostel and the director’s residence. •The intention of having the director’s residence in the campus itself, is that the students and TV trainees can have free access and informal discussion with his in various aspects of film making/TV production. •The boy’s hostel is located very near to the canteen. •All the rooms are placed along singly loaded corridor overlooking into an open space. •The toilets and the staircase are provided at the two ends of the buildings. •Its also houses a common mess for boys and girls at the junction of the two arms of the building, which is very inconvenient. •The girls hostel is located near the entrance, near the director’s residence. The rooms are placed along a doubly loaded corridor. And only the south facing rooms overlook into an open space. •Both the hostel include common rooms and game rooms and also place for warden to stay.
  27. 27. Advantages and disadvantages •Workshop building is near to TV studios thus providing a better service. •The vehicular and Pedestrian movement should be separated properly. •Administration departments, staff rooms are distinctly located thus causing less interaction between them. •There is a lack of recreational spaces. •The auditorium is partly isolated from the main activity area thus gets apart from the integrity of the campus. •The main studios have no direct contact with the outdoor shooting area. Also the workshop & property store are placed on opposite sides of the road. •Covered parking can only take four cars which is very inadequate. No provision for covered parking for visitors thus very inconvenient for them. The visitors have to park their vehicles beneath the tree shadow in front of the gate office. •Auditorium is not having special provisions of parking hence all the vehicles get parked on the road next to it during the time of shows, casuing traffic congestion problems. •The sports ground is not much used by the students for any programme or function & not even for sports. Lack of proper future planning has led to lot of redundant spaces and also the available spaces are insufficient.
  28. 28. CASE STUDY : 2 ANNAPURNA FILM INSTITUTE •Name : Annapurna film institute •Location : Banjara hills Hyderabad •Area : 16 acres •Client : Nageshwar rao akkineni •Architect ; Annapurna Akkineni (Bachelor’s) Degree Courses Bachelor’s in Film + Media Bachelor’s in Animation + VF Bachelor’s in Journalism + PR Bachelor’s in Advertising + Digital Marketing Bachelor’s in Graphic + Multimedia Design Bachelor’s in Photography + Digital Imaging Open Courses Introduction to Direction for Film + TV Introduction to Editing Introduction to Cinematography for Film + TV Acting for Film, TV + Theatre DSLR Photography/Cinematography Fundamentals of Filmmaking Fundamentals of Scriptwriting Advanced Program in Animation + VFX
  29. 29. Indoor Shooting Studio :- Annapurna Studios offers five state-of-the-art air conditioned studios and another five traditional non-air conditioned studios. These facilities are in constant use for film, television, and advertising productions. Students often visit the sets to interact with the technicians and these studios offer fantastic internship opportunities, right here in the AISFM campus. •The studio I complex consists of the following a) Shooting space b) Storage c) Staff rooms- e) Guest rooms, make-up rooms, toilets. 3) Total ground coverage area 950 sq. m. 4) The structure is made up off brick , tress is made with iron and ac sheet is Used for roof covering.
  30. 30. Advantages and disadvantages 1.All the class room are have ac and acoustic treatment 2.Space provided are adequate and no wastage of space. 3.Separate gallery is provided of exhibition. 4. Slop of earth is for theater sitting. 5.More temporary made for shooting purpose. 6.Recreation facility is not provided. 7.Hostel located outside the campus. FTII AT PUNE ANNAPURNA INSTITUTE AT HYDRABAD SITE PLANNING:THE SITE IS PROPERLY ANALYZED AND VERY OLD CONSTRASTION SITE PLANNING: THE SITE IS PROPERLY ANALYZED AND NEW TYPE OF CONSTRASTION LANDSCAPE: VERY LESS LANDSCAPING IN FTII AND UNWANTED TREES ARE MORE LANDSCAPE: WELL PLANNED LANDSCAPE IS DESIGNED ROOFING: THE ROOF OF THE STUDIOS IS FLAT AND SOME PACES THERE IS PITCHED ROOF IN COLOR PROCESSING LAB. ALL ROOF ARE MADE OF RCC. ROOFING: THE ROOF OF THE STUDIO IS PITCHED ROOF AND COVERED WITH AC SHEET AT TOP. ALL ROOFS ARE MADE OF RCC. PARKING: PARKING IS PROVIDED NEAR GATE PROPER PARKING FACILITY IS NOT PROVIDED PARKING: PARKING IS PROVIDED NEAR GATE PROPER PARKING FACILITY IS PROVIDED WATER SUPPLY : WATER STORED IN WATER TANK AND SUPPLY TO BUILDINGS. SOME OF BUILDING HAVE AC. WATER SUPPLY & DRAINAGE: WATER STORED TANK AND SUPPLYED TO BUILDING. ALL BUILDING HAVE AC. TOILETS: SEPARATE TOILET IS PROVIDED IN ALL BUILDING. TOILETS: SEPARATE TOILET IS PROVIDED ALL BUILDING. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS:
  31. 31. CASE STUDY:3 Kantana Institute Architects: Bangkok Project Company Limited Location: Thailand Area: 2,000 sqm Year of Completion: 2011 Kantana Institute is a Film school of undergraduates. The Institute is dedicated to the master of drama in Thailand –. It is located in Kantana Movie Town . It is a one story building which combines perfectly with the beautiful natural environment that surrounds it. •The building has an “Inserted for” with a linear corridor with the north-south axis and the east-west axis. The corridor divides into four blocks with different functions. The Inserted forest to be used as meditation space, so as to remind them to concentrate what they are doing, whether it is making, or moving from place to place
  32. 32. There are five different areas within the establishment: An administration office, a lecture room, a workshop, a library and a canteen. These areas are all linked by an Inserted forest in the shape of a log pathway. The pathway is made out of grey stone and to walls are made from bricks. The 8 meters high wall is a background of the sun, a tree, and a man when they are connected by each other’s shadows The administration office is a multi-function space containing a chairperson’s office, program office and a general office. They are connected to the courtyard. The sunlight makes this a very pleasant area. The lecture room is a quiet area surrounded with a brick wall and “an Inhabit wall”. This the ideal space to relax and unwind in between or after lectures. It is a free standing wall without borderline. The workshop is a good example of the interior character “darkness” . It creates the feeling of a dream at night time. It helps the students to feel peaceful and to focus while producing their film projects.The library is a place where the natural sunlight from above, the sound of nature and the darkness the surround the courtyard, come together in unison This room consists of a wall lined
  33. 33. •With book, a meeting room, a Librarian counter, and multimedia area in the center of the room. The canteen is an open air building. It is at the end of the pathway. To make this a multifunction area for different activities, this space is “non room”. In regards to materials used : This building is designed on the ”return to basics construction”. It is based on natural craftsmanship.
  34. 34. Design concepts PERFORATED BRICK MASONRY These are high strength hollow bricks with 50-60 percent perforations. These perforations act as sound and heat insulators and saves materials. ROOF RCC slab + 75mm Inverted earthen pot in lime concrete + 20mm cement mortar finish WALL ASSEMBLY 4 230mm bk.wall + 70mm air cavity + 115mm brick Wall+ 12mm plaster both sides DESIGN PLANNING CONCEPTS SITE WATER BODY WIND BUILDING BUILDING BUILDING HOT COOL WIND
  35. 35. W Water bodies outside or in courtyard for Cooling the air. Water bodies should be Shaded to minimize evaporation losses. Planforms with greater P/A ratio may be applied in certain cases to include features like water bodies & vegetation which can modify the micro-climate. The intermediate In the hot - dry climate a smaller perimeter-to-area ratio (P/A) would result in less area exposed to radiation and lesser conduction heat gains.
  36. 36. Heat With the Sun Security systems Green roof Plants Growing Media Drainage / Storage Layer Insulation Waterproof Membrane Roof Membrane Structural Support Cavity walls Rain water harvesting

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