Film institute and film studious
Mohd tanzeel faraz
• Literature study
• Data collection
• Introduction (Issue)
• Case study on issue
• Desktop case study
>Film and television institute of india
>Annapurna film institute
>Kantana institute of thailand
• Comparative analysis
• Design concepts
Film has emerged as one of the most influential art form of our age
As there are great books, now there are great film.
Film making is a complete team effort which involve many aspect. Good film is
perfect blend of aesthetics and technology
History of indian cinema is marked by screening of a short film by luminaries
brother’s cinematography in 1896 at bombay
The first more toward dramatic film was forwarded by r.C torney along with n.G
chitra for the film pundalik in 18 may 1912 in mumbai
Next major film by d.G phalke the harischandra in 1913. He is called as father of
Aim: Devising a
programme that activates it
physically, functionally, and
socially this could give rise to
new architectural typology.
Physically through form ,
programme and socially
through space created
To promote all aspects of the film, video, audio, animation and performing arts
media and to foster education and awareness among students and the community.
•To encourage interest in and study of films as a form of art and as a medium of
information and education
•To create awakening and promote new, deserving talent in respective fields of film
•Creation of wealth through the filmmaking.
•Creation of employment. To encourage education and research through publications
Feasibility of project
Film is most influential art form of our age. Now a day most of student is interested
in film, acting and film making. To study courses of film student are mainly going to
Mumbai,if we propose film institute at Bangalore student will take admission in
Bangalore and also culture and heritage of karnataka will be imbibed.
•Well adapt to their purpose.
•Simple, direct & functional.
• No ornament Expressive of their structure and materials
•Concept of free flowing space, designing of structure not only to blend with the
natural site but to maximize interaction between indoors and out.
•Providing good atmosphere in campus so that they get interest in study.
•New material and construction technology.
•In the state of Karnataka with rich heritage and culture almost all the film institute
facility are established around Mumbai if film and TV institute is designed in
Bangalore so people of whole Karnataka can get benefits.
SITE BRIEFSCOPE OF DESIGN
REQUREMENTSAIM & OBJECTIVE
DETAIL OF PROJECT
CASE STUDYLIBRARY STUDIES
Open air theater
•Indian Cinema history can be traced back to 1896.
•It is when the famous Lumiere Brother’s of France demonstrated six soundless short
films in Bombay.
•Harishchandra Bhatvadekar made India’s first short film by 1899
• The 30’s is the decade of social protest in the history of Indian Cinema.
•The 30’s saw sweeping changes to the industry.
•Three major film centres were devoloped in Bombay, Calcutta and Madras.
•Bombay was known for making of films geared for National distribution.
•Calcutta and Madras were known for their regional films.
1940’s – 1950’s
•In this period, the films occurred with concentration on vibrant song and dance.
•The emergence of ‘playback singing’ took place.
•Music became as an important ingredient in Indian Cinema.
•South Indian Cinema gained prominence throughout India with the release of
The first full length Indian feature film ‘RAJA HARISHCHANDRA’
It is the silent Indian film directed and
produced by Dadasaheb Phalke in 1913.
The film had an all-male starcast, as no woman
was available for playing female lead in the
film, so the men played all the roles, and was
3700 feet long.
Kisan Kanya was a 1937 Hindi
feature film directed by
Moti B. Gidvani.
It is largely remembered by
the Indian public on account
of it being India's first colour
He laid the foundation for the beginning
of a regular feature film industry in
The highest award in India Cinema is
given in the name of Dadasaheb Phalke
from the year 1969.
First Colour Film
SUN PROOF FABRIC COVERING:-
•Fabric soils which induce 95% of sun light entering into
•Cavity wall is used for insulation.
•The orientation of building will not be over looked and
care should be taken that it is not exposed to sun for
•Proper zoning of the activity made and parking facility
•Silent zone for classes and library
•Buffer and green provided to reduce noise
•Best suitable open air theatre create good viewing point
and also give viewer best view
•Use of new material, new building techniques
•Court yard planning which responds to hot climate is
preferable and also more open space are required for
•Provide enough ground width around the building for
easy fire truck access
Deciduous trees provide shade in
summer and sun light in winter.
ROOF:-Roof covered with a reflective
coating that emissivity property
which is very effective in reflecting
SHADING OF WALLS:-Shading of cast
and west wall through.
Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to
meet their own needs.
- Sustainability, World Commission 1987
AIM: TO OUR FAMILIES-PAST,PRESENT AND FUTURE GENERATIONS
• Towards the end of twentieth century the word sustainable (and sustainability)
entered into the consciousness of architects and became an essential concern in
the discourse of architecture.
• Although there is much written about the urgency of taking sustainability
seriously,and much advice about building techniques to adopt,there was very little
which addressed the interrelated issues of the sociocultural,ethical,professional and
technological complexities of ‘sustainable architecture’.
• “It is very important to understand the complexities which are relatively self-
contained and how architects conceptualized sustainability in the design of houses”.
• “Sustainable architecture is a revised conceptualization of architecture in response
to myriad of contemporary concerns about the effects of human activity”.
• to perform beautiful acts”.
Sustainable architecture aims at-
Minimum usages of non-renewable resources
Enhancing the natural environment
Eliminating or minimizing the use of toxic
How should we go for it..?
1. Think Small
PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABLE
ARCHITECTURE THAT CAN BE
INCORPORATED IN DESIGNING OF FILM
INSTITUE AND FILM STUDIOS
2. Heat With the Sun
3. Use Renewable Energy
4. Keep Your Cool
5. Conserve Water
6. Use Local Materials
7. Use Natural Materials
8. Save the Forests
10. Build to Last
11. Grow Your Food
12. Store Your Own Food
•Careful selection of environmentally sustainable
building materials is the easiest way for architects to
begin incorporating sustainable design principles in
building. Traditionally price has been the foremost
consideration when comparing similar materials or
materials designated for the same function
•The use of readily available, environment-friendly
materials contributes towards a sustainable habitat.
An environmentfriendly material is made from
recycled material that uses only renewable energy in
its extraction,production, and transport, and can be
reclaimed and recycled.
6. Use Local Materials
When you’re building a home out of materials
harvested in some distant land, they have to travel a
long way to make it to your little plot. This creates an
unnecessarily high carbon footprint and also reduces
the level of control you have over how those
materials are harvested. But if you use local
materials, as will be the case with Gaza’s 20 new
Eco-Schools, your carbon footprint shrinks
considerably and benefits your local economy.
7. Use Natural Materials
Natural materials not only have more aesthetic
appeal, at least in our view, but it turns out that
they are better for our health. A home that is built
with a porous natural material such as mud or
stone or lime breaths and promotes natural
circulation in the home. Anything else creates a
terribly unhealthy internal environment. Natural
materials also promote day lighting and superior
acoustics, whereas all kinds of interventions are
required in more artificial surroundings.
9. Recycle Materials
We belong to a throwaway culture –
something the earth’s finite resources simply
can’t support. Recycling materials not only
gives new life to something discarded or
disused, but also provides an opportunity to
be creative and resourceful. See how old
windows have been given new life is this
wonderful design project.
In order to estimate the
environmental impact of a
construction material, it is
necessary to consider all stages
in the life of the material
Of Material Construction
Aluminium Steel TANDUR STONE
The use of locally available material like stone, exposed brick, laterite or mud
tend to reduce the over all foot print of the project.
INTORDUCTION OF MATI GHAR
Capturing the concept of time in all
aspects of design and construction.
The Mati Ghar is directed not by
engineering construction or
aesthetic guide lines alone but is
meant to develop the harmonious
design thought of an endless space
and the "cosmic dimension of a
GROUND FLOOR PLAN
FRIST FLOOR PLAN
CASE STUDTY : 1
FILM AND TELEVISION INSTITUTE OF INDIA
•Name : Film and television institute of India
•Location : In the premises of the Prabhat studios, pune.
•Area : Presently 22 acres in use and 34 acres for future expansion.
•Date of commencement : year 1961
•Client : Ministry of Information and broadcasting.
Foreign collaboration : Member of international Liaison Centre for
cinema & Television Schools (CILECT )
A wide symmetrical road divides the whole campus of the FTII into two parts. One
part is having the TV building, Director’s Office, Canteen, Boys Hostel, Play Ground
and the other part is having the Studios, Main theatre, Girls Hostel, Director’s
Bungalow and Security check Point. The is symmetry is further marked by the Tree
Sound Recording & Editing Dept (Audiography) :-
1) This is new building exclusively for sound recording & sound editing purpose.
2) The microphone used on the location are very sensitive & catch the desired as well as
undesired sounds on site. Thus all the sounds involved in the scene need to be dubbed or
re-recorded. Also the desired background music is recorded after the shoot.
3) The department includes studios for re-recording, effects recording, sync & non-sync
dubbing, background music, etc.
4) The departments building houses the following functions
•Recording studios – 3nos
•Editing rooms –
•Classrooms – 2 nos
•Electronic laboratory – 1no.
•Staff room – 1 no.
•Control & projection room – 2 nos
5) Total built up area of the
building- 1059 sq.m
•The site is divided along the lateral axis and forms 3 zones.
•The zones at the extreme ends consist of residential buildings and huge open spaces in the front.
•The remaining zone, which forms the centre, consists of the administration and academic
departments. This is the main institutional area of the campus.
•The residential buildings have the maximum advantage of the open spaces.
•Since all the institutional buildings are part of the same zone, the movement during working
hours gets convenient.
•As the vehicular access cuts through the pedestrian zones, the pedestrian movement gets
disturbed, thus making it uncomfortable.
•The institutional zone is further divided into film wing and television wing. The film wing lies on
the northern part of the campus, while the T.V.
wing is no the south side.
BULDING SYSTEM –
•It is a RCC frame structure with cavity walls all
around for better sound insulation.
•All the studios, laboratories and class rooms are
air conditioned, which is a centralized sy`stem.
•The A.C plant for the building is placed adjacent
to the building.
Recording Studios :-
1) A recording studio is totally sound & dirt proof.
Cut off lobbies are provided at the entrance of every
studio, where footwear is removed.
2) The recording studio includes a projection screen
along with recording machines.
3) The studios are attached with a control room
which is completely sound isolated and can hear
only the sounds recorded by the recording
4) A projector room is placed just above the control
room from where the edited film is projected &
viewed while recording.
5) The projection of the film can also be controlled
from the control room making it convenient.ACCOUNT TREATMENT -
•All studios are air conditioned
•The acoustical treatment of the studios should be such that the there is no
reverberation of sound Reverberation time should not be more than 1 sec and
ideally it should be 0.8 sec.
•Studio has a false ceiling of depth 700 mm accommodating all electrical services
the ceiling consists of perforated acoustic panels which absorb sound
•Flooring is of soft carpet which does not make any noise and dose not allow echo
in studio I the flooring is wooden but causes problem as it creates noise when –one
walks on it
•Up to the height of 1.2 m wooden panels are fixed which absorb the low frequency
sound special perforated panels along with wooden panels are fixed .
•Both the studios are very old, constructed
in the period on 1940s.
•It’s a long span structure with brick piers
•The roof is pitched with a roofing of
fibrecrete sheets 1.50.75m in size and
corrugated A.C sheets on top.
•The roof is supported by a steel truss with
steel rafters and purlins.
•The max height of the studio I is around
16m and studio II is 10m.
•The mezzanine floor inside are supported
on teel stanchions with wooden planks just
placed on them.
Film Processing Laboratory:-
•The building is located in the north campus and consists of both, the film processing laboratory and th
film editing department.
•The laboratory is operational for the processing of the black and white films only.
•This is only institute in the country which has a laboratory of its own.
•The laboratory is equipped with two developing machines. One for 35mm film and the other for 16mm
•The film processing consists of the following spaces,
•Dark rooms with developing machines- 2nos.
•The developing room I son the first floor, the
chilling plant is on the ground floor and the silver recovery unit
on the second floor. Both, the chilling plant and the recovery u
nit are accessed from the developing room only.
•Total ground coverage of lab – 460 sq.m
•Chilling plant room- 1 nos.
•Silver recovery unit room- 1 no.
•Maintenance room & store- 1 no. each
•Painting room- 1 no.
•Film grading room
Indoor Shooting Studio :-
•There are 2 indoor shooting studios in the campus, both are placed on the north side.
•The studio I complex consists of the following
a) Shooting space
c) Prabhat museum.
d) Staff rooms- 12 nos
e) Guest rooms, make-up rooms, toilets, etc.
3) Total ground coverage area 870 sq. m.
4) The structure consists of 3 bays, one with all the staff rooms, guest rooms etc. while the central bay
is the shooting space and the last bay is storage and the museum.
5) Ground floor consists of 12 staff rooms of 3X6 m each. Above these rooms there are guest rooms,
rest rooms, make-up rooms and toilets for the shooting unit and actors.
6) On the other side of the studio there is a storage for the set material and the prabhat museum.
•The main building is on the south side of the campus. It is an L-shaped building, of which one arm
consists of the TV wing and the other arm consists of all the administration and also academic
The TV wing consist of the following
a) TV Studios- 2 nos
b) Respective control rooms- 2 nos
c) Master Control room- 1 no.
d) Make-up room- 2 nos e) Costume & Property store- 1 no
f) Preview theatre- 1 no g) Video library- 1 no.
h) Conference room- 1 no. (40 capacity i) Video editing rooms- 6 nos
•Both the studios are of size 9X12mm, attached with a lights control room each 3X6m.
•The control room is located on the first floor level, which is of size 6X9m.
Rubber mat flooring is provided. Walls are also treated acoustically using perforated panels.
TV Editing Room:-
•The total number of students for the course is 10, but the number of rooms provided is only 6
which is inadequate. The students use these rooms in batches.
•The size of each room is 2X3 m.
Master Control Room:-
•All the videos cameras in the studio are controlled from the master control room.
•Size of the room is 6X6m. Other spaces associated with master contorl are, video tape
recording(VTR), maintenance room and store.
•The auditorium is situated in one of the old studios of Prabhat time, so it has got no defined
elevation. It is used for performing as well as screening.
•Presently the capacity of the auditorium is 250 which would be insufficient for an increased no. of
•Also the space is found to be inadequate to accommodate a large no. of people on special events like
drama or movie programme which are usually kept open for outsiders & ex-students.
•A camera department is attached to the theatre which consists of stores and maintenance rooms for
different types of cameras.
•The campus include girls and boys hostel and the director’s residence.
•The intention of having the director’s residence in the campus itself, is that the students and TV
trainees can have free access and informal discussion with his in various aspects of film making/TV
•The boy’s hostel is located very near to the canteen.
•All the rooms are placed along singly loaded corridor overlooking into an open space.
•The toilets and the staircase are provided at the two ends of the buildings.
•Its also houses a common mess for boys and girls at the junction of the two arms of the building,
which is very inconvenient.
•The girls hostel is located near the entrance, near the director’s residence. The rooms are placed
along a doubly loaded corridor. And only the south facing rooms overlook into an open space.
•Both the hostel include common rooms and game rooms and also place for warden to stay.
Advantages and disadvantages
•Workshop building is near to TV studios thus providing a better service.
•The vehicular and Pedestrian movement should be separated properly.
•Administration departments, staff rooms are distinctly located thus causing less interaction between
•There is a lack of recreational spaces.
•The auditorium is partly isolated from the main activity area thus gets apart from the integrity of the
•The main studios have no direct contact with the outdoor shooting area. Also the workshop &
property store are placed on opposite sides of the road.
•Covered parking can only take four cars which is very inadequate. No provision for covered parking
for visitors thus very inconvenient for them. The visitors have to park their vehicles beneath the tree
shadow in front of the gate office.
•Auditorium is not having special provisions of parking hence all the vehicles get parked on the road
next to it during the time of shows, casuing traffic congestion problems.
•The sports ground is not much used by the students for any programme or function & not even for
Lack of proper future planning has led to lot of redundant spaces and also the available spaces are
CASE STUDY : 2
ANNAPURNA FILM INSTITUTE
•Name : Annapurna film institute
•Location : Banjara hills Hyderabad
•Area : 16 acres
•Client : Nageshwar rao akkineni
•Architect ; Annapurna Akkineni
(Bachelor’s) Degree Courses
Bachelor’s in Film + Media
Bachelor’s in Animation + VF
Bachelor’s in Journalism + PR
Bachelor’s in Advertising + Digital Marketing
Bachelor’s in Graphic + Multimedia Design
Bachelor’s in Photography + Digital Imaging
Introduction to Direction for Film + TV
Introduction to Editing
Introduction to Cinematography for Film + TV
Acting for Film, TV + Theatre
Fundamentals of Filmmaking
Fundamentals of Scriptwriting
Advanced Program in Animation + VFX
Indoor Shooting Studio :-
Annapurna Studios offers five state-of-the-art air conditioned studios and
another five traditional non-air conditioned studios. These facilities are in
constant use for film, television, and advertising productions. Students often
visit the sets to interact with the technicians and these studios offer
fantastic internship opportunities, right here in the AISFM campus.
•The studio I complex consists of the following
a) Shooting space
c) Staff rooms-
e) Guest rooms, make-up rooms, toilets.
3) Total ground coverage area 950 sq. m.
4) The structure is made up off brick , tress is made with iron and ac sheet is
Used for roof covering.
1.All the class room are
have ac and acoustic
2.Space provided are
adequate and no wastage of
3.Separate gallery is
provided of exhibition.
4. Slop of earth is for
5.More temporary made for
6.Recreation facility is not
7.Hostel located outside the
FTII AT PUNE ANNAPURNA INSTITUTE AT HYDRABAD
SITE PLANNING:THE SITE IS PROPERLY
ANALYZED AND VERY OLD
SITE PLANNING: THE SITE IS PROPERLY
ANALYZED AND NEW TYPE OF
LANDSCAPE: VERY LESS LANDSCAPING IN
FTII AND UNWANTED TREES ARE MORE
LANDSCAPE: WELL PLANNED
ROOFING: THE ROOF OF THE STUDIOS
IS FLAT AND SOME PACES
THERE IS PITCHED ROOF IN COLOR
ALL ROOF ARE MADE OF RCC.
ROOFING: THE ROOF OF THE STUDIO
IS PITCHED ROOF AND COVERED WITH
AC SHEET AT TOP.
ALL ROOFS ARE MADE OF RCC.
PARKING: PARKING IS PROVIDED NEAR
PROPER PARKING FACILITY IS NOT
PARKING: PARKING IS PROVIDED NEAR
GATE PROPER PARKING FACILITY IS
WATER SUPPLY : WATER STORED IN
WATER TANK AND SUPPLY TO BUILDINGS.
SOME OF BUILDING HAVE AC.
WATER SUPPLY & DRAINAGE: WATER
STORED TANK AND SUPPLYED TO
BUILDING. ALL BUILDING HAVE AC.
TOILETS: SEPARATE TOILET IS PROVIDED
IN ALL BUILDING.
TOILETS: SEPARATE TOILET IS PROVIDED
Kantana Institute Architects:
Bangkok Project Company Limited
Area: 2,000 sqm
Year of Completion: 2011
Kantana Institute is a Film school of undergraduates. The Institute is dedicated to the
master of drama in Thailand –. It is located in Kantana Movie Town . It is a one story
building which combines perfectly with the beautiful natural environment that
•The building has an “Inserted for” with a linear corridor with the north-south axis and
the east-west axis. The corridor divides into four blocks with different functions. The
Inserted forest to be used as meditation space, so as to remind them to concentrate
what they are doing, whether it is making, or moving from place to place
There are five different areas within the establishment: An administration office, a lecture room, a
workshop, a library and a canteen. These areas are all linked by an Inserted forest in the shape of a
log pathway. The pathway is made out of grey stone and to walls are made from bricks. The 8
meters high wall is a background of the sun, a tree, and a man when they are connected by each
The administration office is a multi-function space containing a chairperson’s office, program office
and a general office. They are connected to the courtyard. The sunlight makes this a very pleasant
area. The lecture room is a quiet area surrounded with a brick wall and “an Inhabit wall”. This the
ideal space to relax and unwind in between or after lectures. It is a free standing wall without
The workshop is a good example of the interior character “darkness” . It
creates the feeling of a dream at night time. It helps the students to feel
peaceful and to focus while producing their film projects.The library is a place
where the natural sunlight from above, the sound of nature and the darkness
the surround the courtyard, come together in unison This room consists of a
•With book, a meeting room, a Librarian counter, and multimedia area in the
center of the room. The canteen is an open air building. It is at the end of the
pathway. To make this a multifunction area for different activities, this space is
“non room”. In regards to materials used : This building is designed on the ”return
to basics construction”. It is based on natural craftsmanship.
PERFORATED BRICK MASONRY
These are high strength hollow bricks with
50-60 percent perforations. These perforations
act as sound and heat insulators and saves
RCC slab + 75mm Inverted earthen pot in lime
concrete + 20mm cement mortar finish
WALL ASSEMBLY 4
230mm bk.wall + 70mm air
cavity + 115mm brick Wall+
12mm plaster both sides
DESIGN PLANNING CONCEPTS
Water bodies outside or in courtyard for
Cooling the air. Water bodies should be
Shaded to minimize evaporation losses.
Planforms with greater P/A ratio may
be applied in certain cases to include
features like water bodies & vegetation
which can modify the micro-climate.
In the hot - dry climate a smaller perimeter-to-area ratio (P/A) would result
in less area exposed to radiation and lesser conduction heat gains.
Heat With the Sun
Drainage / Storage Layer
Rain water harvesting