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Louis i kahn


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My first presentation in architecture.. i hope this presentation is helpful to other people..

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Louis i kahn

  1. 1. LOUIS I. KAHN
  3. 3. LOUIS I KAHN TOPIC:- IIM [ Indian Institute Of Management ]
  5. 5.  INTRODUCTION OF LOUIS I KAHN :- - NAME:- Louis Isadora Kahn - OCCUPATION:- Architect - BIRTH DATE:- February 20, 1901 - DEATH DATE:- March 17, 1974 - EDUCATION:- University of Pennsylvani
  6. 6. BIOGRAPHY :-  Louis I. Kahn grew up in Philadelphia, the son of poor immigrant parents. As a young man, Kahn struggled to build his career during the height of America's Depression.  Louis I. Kahn died of a heart attack in a men's restroom in Pennsylvania Station in New York City.  Louis I. Kahn's troubled life is explored in My Architect, a 2003 documentary film by his son, Nathaniel Kahn.
  7. 7.  About Louis I. Kahn :-  During his training at the Pennsylvania School of Fine Arts, Louis I. Kahn was grounded in the Q Beaux Arts approach to architectural design. As a young man, Kahn became fascinated with the heavy, massive architecture of medieval Europe and Great Britain. But, struggling to build his career during the Depression, Kahn became known as a champion of Functionalism.  Louis Kahn built on ideas from the Bauhaus Movement and the International Style to design low-income public housing. Using simple materials like brick and concrete, Kahn arranged building elements to maximize daylight.
  8. 8.  The commissions that Kahn received from Yale gave him the chance to explore ideas he'd admired in ancient and medieval architecture. He used simple forms to create monumental shapes. Kahn was in his 50s before he designed the works that made him famous. Many critics praise Kahn for moving beyond the International Style to express original ideas.  Two decades ago, the scene along London's South Bank was grim. Looming over the Thames River, the oil-fired Bankside Power Plant was a gargantuan expanse of ugly brown bricks and abandoned space. Designed in 1947 by Sir Giles
  9. 9. Gilbert Scott, the plant shut down in 1981. That space was transformed when Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron, winners of the 2001 Pritzker Prize, created the new Gallery of Modern Art for the Tate Museum.  A number of architects submitted proposals for the new museum, but they planned to demolish much of the power house. Among the six finalists, Herzog & de Meuron was the only firm that suggested reusing a significant portion of the plant.  Kahn's work, like that of Eero Saarinen, Frei Otto, and others who broke with the International Style, was controversial during his lifetime. However, his work was reviewed more favourably by a new
  10. 10. generation of critics, who declared him one of the most original and important architects of the 20th century.  The Louis I. Kahn Archive, 7 vol. (1987), contains drawings, sketches, and blueprints. Collections of published and previously unpublished writings and lectures are What Will Be Has Always Been (1986), edited by Richard Saul Wurman, and Louis I. Kahn (1991), edited by Alessandra Latour....
  11. 11. WORK PHILOSOPHY :-
  12. 12. Development of an architectural philosophy Rome and the power of ruins.. 1950-1951 A Roman wall. Sketches in pastels, Louis kahn.. When asked what he did in his travels Kahn replied ‘ I watched the light’
  13. 13. Development of an architectural philosophy 13 Teaching & practicing Architecture… 1947 • Kahn was invited to teach in Yale University’s visiting critic programme… Joseph Albers Drawing by louis kahn Structural constellation, Albers
  14. 14. Development of an architectural philosophy 14 Teaching & practicing Architecture… 1947 Exterior & interior of the Pincus Occupational therapy building, Philadelphia
  15. 15. Important Buildings By Louis I. Kahn :-
  16. 16. 1955 : Trenton Bath House , New Jersey [TBH ]
  17. 17.  1961 : The Margaret Esherick House [ TMEH ]  1961 : Jonas Salk Institute For Biological Studies , LaJolla , CA  1974 : Yale Center For British Art , New Heven , Connecticut
  18. 18.  1962 : National Assembly Building , Dhaka , Bangladesh...
  19. 19.  Kimbell Art Museum, Texas
  20. 20.  MAJOR AWARDS :-  1971 : AIA Gold Medal Elected A Member Of The American Academy Of Arts And Letters...  1972 : RIBA Gold Medal...
  21. 21.  QUOTES BY LOUIS I. KAHN :-  “ Architecture Is The Reaching Out For The Truth....“  “ Consider The Momentous Event In Architecture When The Wall Parted & The Column Became... “  “ Design Is Not Making Beauty , Beauty Emerges From Selection , Affinities , Integration , Love... ”  “ A Great Building Must Begin With The Unmeasurable , Must Go Through Measurable Means When It Is Being Designed & In The End Must Be Unmeasurable.... “
  22. 22.  EARLY TRAINING OF LOUIS I. KAHN :-  University Of Peennsylvania , Bachelor Of Architecture , 1924 Worked As A Senior Draftsman In The Office Of Philadephia City Architect John Molitor.. Traveled Through Europe Visiting Castles & Medieral Strongholds , 1928
  24. 24.  IIM [ INDIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT , AHMEDABAD, INDIA ] :-  Architects: Louis I. Kahn , Balkrisha V. Doshi , National Institute of Design..  Commision: November 1962  Design: 1963-70  Completion: 1970  Client: IIM (Joint Venture : Government of India, State of Gujarat, Indian Business Community, and the Ford Foundation
  25. 25.  ABOUT IIM :-  Established :- 1961 Type :- Public Business School  Director:- Samir Barua (2007– Present)  Location:- Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India Campus:- Urban, 100 acres (0.40 km2)
  26. 26.  ABOUT IIM:-  Construction system :- brick masonry and concrect
  27. 27.  ABOUT IIM:- Climate :-Hot and dry Context :- urban Style :- modern
  28. 28.  Notes :- “ Indian institute of management Ahmadabad ..“ heavy layered walls modulate sun and capture ventilation..
  29. 29. The building is designed by Louis Kahn, who was an exponent of exposed-brick architecture. The most distinctive features of the plan are the numerous arches and square brick structures with circles carved out in the facade. The arches were first constructed by Kahn and later on taught to the workers on site. The student dormitories are connected to the main complex by a series of arched corridors and landscaped courts. An extension to the old campus built across the 132 feet ring road was commissioned in 2003 with student dorms and classrooms built in a contemporary concrete design which strives to retain some elements of the old campus' architecture such as the arches and exposed brick facades. The two campuses are connected with an underpass (tunnel-walkway). While the new campus does offer somewhat of a stark contrast to the old campus, the design seems to retain some elements such as the aches/circles and some exposed brick facades. Kahn's architecture is notable for its simple, platonic forms and compositions. Kahn design of buildings, characterized by powerful, massive forms, made him one of the most discussed architects to emerge after World War II. Through the use of brick and poured-in place concrete masonry, he developed a contemporary and monumental architecture that maintained sympathy for the site. While rooted in the International Style, Kahn's architecture was a blend of his Beaux Arts education and a personal aesthetic impulse to develop his own architectural forms" IIM, Ahemdabad, India
  30. 30.  ABOUT IIM :-  The IIM is spread over lush greenery in Vastrapur and was designed by the American architect Louis Kahn.  It has two campuses, the "Heritage Campus" and the "New Campus", joined by an underground galle..The IIM is spread over 67 acres of lush greenery in Vastrapur..  He conceived the design as a blend of austerity and majesty.
  31. 31.  ABOUT IIM :-  He included spaces for casual interaction while achieving a balance between modernity and tradition that captured the spirit of timeless India.  The broad airy corridors, the amphitheatre like classrooms and transition spaces in the complex enhance interaction among the faculty, students and visitors.  His design was given shape by a team of architects from the National Institute of Design.  This modern residential institute is built entirely in traditional brick construction.
  32. 32.  Its contemporary design is responsive to local climate and is now a much admired campus.  It has inspired generations of students to achieve excellence while retaining humility.
  33. 33.  ABOUT IIM :-  The highlight of the campus is the Louis Kahn Plaza, the sheer magnificence of which has played host to major interactions and celebrations.  It is surrounded by the faculty wing, library and classrooms from three sides.  This close knit feeling supports each individual's personal and professional growth, fosters a sense of community within the school and encourages them to form close working relationships with professors and other students.  The result is a highly personalised environment that drives students not just to learn, but to think.
  34. 34.  PLAN DRAWING OF IIM :- IIM, Ahemdabad, India
  37. 37. Dormitories
  38. 38.  WORD OF LOUIS I KAHN FOR HIS PLAN :-  “I Use The Square To Begin My Solutions Because The Square Is A Non-choice, Really. In The Course Of Development, I Search For The Forces That Would Disprove The Square...” -Louis Kahn
  39. 39. 40  Library building :-