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IITK case study

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IIT Kanpur case study. b.arch vi sem

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IITK case study

  1. 1. IIT KANPUR BY - ACHUYT KANVINDE
  2. 2. Padma Shri Achyut Kanvinde occupied unique position in the history of contemporary Indian architecture. He was an Indian architect , teacher, writer and a committed modernist as he always desired to take Indian architecture to be global and to the height of international style.1916-2002
  3. 3. ABOUT ARCHITECT NAME ACHUYT KANVINDE DATED 1916-2002 BIRTH PLACE Achare, in the Konkan region of Maharashtra GRADUATION(b.arch) Sir J.J. School of Arts, Mumbai in 1942. TRAINING AND INFLUENCE HAVARD UNIVERSITY UNDER WALTER GROPIUS. CONTEXT MODERN INDIAN ARCHITECTURE
  4. 4. BACKGROUND • PARENTS: His mother died when he was two and his father was an arts teacher in Mumbai. Kanvinde was also influenced by his father, who was portrait and landscape painter. • Career: When he returned to India in 1948 he joined the council for “Scientific and Industrial Research”. In 1985, he was the winner of IIA “Baburao Mhatre Gold Medal”. • HIS FIRM: Along with his partner S. Rai, he opened a firm Kanvinde, Rai and Chowdhury in New Delhi (which is currently run by Sanjay Kanvinde, B.K. Tanuja and Murad Chowdhury). • The University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore campus designed by Kanvinde and Rai
  5. 5. HIS WORKS
  6. 6. DESIGN PHILOSPY • FUNCTIONALIST STYLE OF DESIGN FUNCTIONALISM WAS AN APPROACH TO DESSIGN AS PER THE CONCEPT THAT THE SPACE AND FORM OF A BUILDING SHOULD EMERGE OUT OF THE LOGICAL ARRANGEMENT OF SPACE INSIDE AND NOT FROM ANY PREDETERMINED IDEA LIKE SYMMETRY. FUNCTIONALIST BELIVED A BUILDING SHOULD ONLY HAVE FEATURES THAT WERE FUNCTIONALLY NECESSARY AND NO NON-FUNCTIONAL DECORATION.THEY LEAD TO HUMANE SPACE THAT IS SPACE WHERE YOU FELT WELCOME AND COMFORTABLE. HE USED LASTEST TECHNOLOGY AND INDU- STRIAL MATERIALS LIKE DOOR AND WINDOWS AND RCC. •LOGIC OF LIGHTNESS THE COMPLETE FOCUS ON THE MATERIALS TO BE USED IN CONSTRUCTION KANVINDE ALWAYS TRY TO DEVELOP SUCH AN ATHESTIC FOR A HAVEY MASS CONSTRUCTION THAT LOOKS LIGHT. NATIONAL INSURANCE ACADEMY AT PUNE
  7. 7. • RATIONALIST KANVINDE REVEAL THE INTERNAL FUNCTIONAL IN A BUILDING AS SEPARATE MASSES AND THEN ARRANGED IN A WAYS THAT WERE FUNCTIONAL FROM INSIDE AND ELEGANT FROM OUTSIDE •SENSE OF SPACE HUMANESS IS ALL ABOUT SIZE AND SCALE, KANVINDE ALWAYS TRIED TO BRING DOWN BUILDINGS TO HUMANE SCALE AND A CONNECTION TO THE BUILT HERITAGE IN A LOCALITY. •KANVIDE WAS AN ARCHITECT OF SECOND GENERATION OF CONTEMPRY INDIAN ARCHITECTURE ( 1950 - 1980) . •DURING THIS ERA MODERNISM WAS ATTRACTIVE TO DEVELOPING SOCIETIES TRYING TO BREAK FROM THE MEMORIES OF EUROPEAN COLONIALISM THAT THE OLDER STYLE STILL CARRIED. • KANVIDE INTRODUCE MODERN ARCHITECTURE TO HUMANE PATH AND INNOVATIVELY BLEND TECHNOLOGY AND ATHESTICS IIT KANPUR NIBM DESIGN PHILOSPY
  8. 8. The various Bauhaus characteristics visible in Kanvinde's works would be • Asymmetry • Blocky • Cubic shapes • Smooth, flat plain, undecorated surfaces •‘Flat’ roofs • Adoption of steel-framed or reinforced-concrete post-and-slab. Kanvindeplayed with spaceand form and much moreimportanceto natural light. Hebelieved that “therelationshipsof thepartsand materialsof the building area working morality. STYLE- BRUTALISM&REGIONALISM By theend of 1960sKanvinde’sexpressivearchitecturewasvariously interpreted as"an architectural expression that reflected thecultureand aspirations" and "clearly reflected theriseof theBrutalism polemic of architecture.” Expressed Concretestructurein combination with brick becamethedynamic determinant of form and order.  Brick Cement
  9. 9. PRINCIPLES
  10. 10. DESIGN CONCEPT  He practiced perfectly for 55 years, he was considered the pioneer of what may be termed the modern movement in architecture in India.  An art can be to nourish the senses. Art is purely an aesthetic exercise.  He believed that a grid of columns forming a matrix giving structural and spatial aspect would turn a design to more sophisticated and faceted.  He treated his building with “VASTUSHASTRA”.  THE BAUHAUS STYLE: Studying under Walter Gropius, kanvind developed a whole new outlook towards architecture. He was greatly influenced by the Bauhaus style, which later on was adopted in his various buildings.
  11. 11. SPATIAL ORGANIZATION • Kanvinde plays with space and forms. His designs are slender, balanced, proportionate, neat and well crafted. • The building is important but most important is the gate of the user. • Example is “ISKCON Temple”. He gave much importance to natural light. He gave such a form to the building that it can solve the problem of ventilation as well as excessive heat. • He also believed in Vernacular Architecture. • Both inherent values and Historical influences contributed towards good architecture. ISKCON TEMPLE, DELHI
  12. 12. IIT KANPUR • IIT-Kanpur is located on the Grand Trunk Road, 15 km west of Kanpur City and measures close to 420hectares. This land was gifted by the Government of Uttar Pradesh in 1960 and by March 1963 the Institute had moved to its current location.
  13. 13. IITK
  14. 14. FEATURES • The IITK campus occupies a 1055 acre area. • The Academic Complex is located centrally at the site and free from traffic noise. • Academic buildings: 13 departments, PK Kelkar Library, Computer Centres faculty offices, laboratories and administrative buildings • Around 7000 students, 390 faculty, and 1000 staff members (and their families) reside on campus • No. of buildings: 108 • 10 boys hostel and 2 girls hostel • With Sports complex, Housing for faculty • The site is flat with the canal on one side and transportation route on the other side. • Pedestrian and vehicular traffic are completely segregated.
  15. 15. CONCEPT AND IDEOLOGY • The residential campus is planned and landscaped with a hope for environmental freedom. • Halls of residence, faculty and staff houses and community buildings surround the central academic area to provide flexibility in movement and communication. • Core Pedestrian island which consist of lecture halls surrounded by landscaping and water body forming the main focus of the campus. • The academic area is well connected by a long corridor which links all the major buildings • The academic area is set up in vicinity of Hostels to provide quick accessibility to students • Conventional type of buildings were designed as isolated islands of departments • Activities which students and faculties share are designed to encourage meeting and interaction
  16. 16. Academic Area • Institute's Academic Area comprises academic buildings and facilities including the PK Kelkar Library, Computer Centre, National Wind Tunnel Facility and SIDBI Innovation and Incubation Centre. It also houses faculty offices, laboratories and administrative buildings. The academic area is connected by a long corridor which links all the major buildings. SIDBI INNOVATION & INCUBATION CENTRE
  17. 17. P.K. KELKAR LIBRARY • Established in 1960 as Central Library. Established in 1960 as Central Library. „ Renamed as P.K. Kelkar Library in 2001. Renamed as P.K. Kelkar Library in 2001. „ • Four-storied building (covered area: 5730 sq. m.) • Basement - 700 sq m • Ground floor - 700 sq m • First floor -1630 sq m • Second floor - 2700 sq m • Staff strength – 40 • Exposed brickwork: reduces maintenance costs and enhances aesthetic appeal
  18. 18.  The library forms an important part of the whole complex.  It is a framed structure based on grid.  The whole building is built in R.C.C with a brick facade. P.K. KELKAR LIBRARY
  19. 19. Connecting corridors P.K. Kelkar library Structural design Of library
  20. 20. IIT-K • The residential campus is planned and landscaped with a hope for environmental freedom. • Halls of residence, faculty and staff houses and community buildings surround the central academic area to provide flexibility in movement and communication. • Taking into consideration the reality that research work in the present time is a collaborative work of varied disciplines, curriculum of studies is worked out, with that goal in mind.
  21. 21. HALL OF RESIDENCE
  22. 22. In retrospect, that style shows a remarkable similarity with the brute morphology of vernacular architecture in parts of India. Expressed Concrete structure in combination with brick became the dynamic determinant of form and order. Kanvinde’s expressive architecture was variously interpreted as "an architectural expression that reflected the culture and aspirations“.
  23. 23. SPLIT LEVEL CORRIDOR SYSTEM •Minimize the walking distance, improving connectivity •Create spatial expansion •Give the impression of one large space hence space is used as a tool
  24. 24. • Elevated pedestrian walkway • Sheltered and yet openness • Protection from hot sun yet allowing breezes IIT KANPUR
  25. 25. VISUAL EXPRESSION OF THE STRUCTURE RATHER THAN HIDING ITS STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS
  26. 26. ORIENTATION LIBRARY VISITORS HOSTEL
  27. 27. STUDY OF BUILDINGS
  28. 28. OPEN AIR THEATER COMPUTER CENTER VIEW THE NATIONAL WIND TUNNEL FACILITY(NWTF) established in 1999 at IITK to meet the national needs in areas of aeronautical and non -aeronautical R and D activities, houses the most versatile and effective wind tunnel in India. It has various simulation and measurement systems, interchange able test sections and is capable of testing at wind speed up to 80 m/s
  29. 29. SECTION
  30. 30. The Bauhaus influence in Kanvinde’s style is clearly visible in the buildings of IIT Kanpur. •cubic shapes •smooth, flat plain, undecorated surfaces •complete elimination of all mouldings and ornament •‘flat’ roofs IITK
  31. 31. Terrace Terrace Compute r Research Research • Reveals the internal functions in a building as separate masses. • Arranged in ways that were functional from inside and elegant from outside. • Kanvinde strongly believed that the elevation of a structure should be defined by the functions inside. Research Conference Computer IITK
  32. 32. MATERIALS • In Kanpur, the local availability of high quality brick and the prevalent labour and construction practices made Kanvinde go for reinforced concrete for structural frames and brick as infill's . • reinforced-concrete post-and-slab construction, with a series of flat slab-floors and a flat roof-slab carried on concrete columns or posts bricks
  33. 33. CONCLUSION • His works are generally raw and unemotional. Yet he managed to make his designs appealing and welcoming. • His designs were distinct and unique yet having one thing similar- functionalism. • His designs appear to be built with a large amount of thought having been given to making them functionally efficient and practically feasible. • Conventional type of buildings were designed as isolated islands of departments. • Activities which students and faculties share are designed to encourage meeting and interaction.
  34. 34. THANK YOU BY YESHASWINI

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