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10 southwest asian geo


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10 southwest asian geo

  1. 1. Southwest Asia’s GeographySocial Studies for 10th E.G.B. | Teacher: Mauricio Torres
  2. 2. Why the name Asia? No one knows why it is called in such way, but it is one of the oldest registered names. It is a concept developed by Westerners, specially Greeks who referred to the land across the Dardanelles as Asia.  Such an example would be the historian, Herodotus, registering the name in his Histories. Asia was originally the name of what we know today as Asia Minor, it usage was extended to the rest of the continent.
  3. 3. Southwest Asia It is composed of, by the following countries:  Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria  Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain  Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates  Yemen, Turkey, Cyprus, Iran.
  4. 4. “The Middle East”
  5. 5. “The Middle East” Southwest Asia has long been known as “The Middle East”. It is an area with a turbulent history.  Historically, it is were the first civilizations developed: Mesopotamia. Later, during medieval times, it was the center of very important trading routes.
  6. 6. Geography  Mesopotamia:  It is located in the “Fertile Crescent”.  Mesopotamia means: between rivers. This is because through it, we find the Euphrates and Tigris.  Because of these two rivers, the land is rich in nutrients, making it easy to develop agricultural communities.  It runs across Iraq, Syria and Lebanon.
  7. 7. Geography  Bosporus and Dardanelles:  They are two narrow straits between Asia and Europe.  They provide a waterway for ships coming from the Black Sea into the Aegean or the other way around.  This was considered to be the center of worldly affairs, back in ancient times, due to its important
  8. 8. Geography  Arabian Peninsula:  It has the largest sand desert in the world.  It has no single body of fresh water  The deserts are largely uninhabited.  2% of the land is suitable for cultivation.  It has the world’s largest petroleum reserves.
  9. 9. Ask Yourself Analyze  What do you think is the economic importance of the following:  Arabian Peninsula, Mesopotamia, Dardanelles and Bosporus Recognize  Why were the trade routes during medieval times so important?
  10. 10. Excercise Type two short paragraphs:  Five lines each  Times New Roman  12 pt. The subject is, “What do you know about the Middle East”. Use your own words. Don´t do any research. Don’t be afraid to use stereotypes or make mistakes! Start your first draft in class.
  11. 11. Bibliography Baerwald, T. J., & Fraser, C. (2007). World Geography. Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA: Pearson Prentice Hall. Burstein, S. M., & Shek, R. (2012). World History (Teacher´s Edition) (1st Edition ed.). (H. McDougal, Ed.) Orlando, Florida, US.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Images taken from