African Geography

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African Geography

  1. 1. The Geography of Africa
  2. 2. A Satellite View
  3. 3. Africa’s Size <ul><li>Second largest continent  11,700,000 sq. mi. </li></ul><ul><li>10% of the world’s population. </li></ul><ul><li>2 ½ times the size of the U. S. </li></ul>5 0 0 0 M I L E S 4 6 0 0 M I L E S
  4. 4. Bodies Of Water Nile River Congo River Zambezi River Niger River Orange River Limpopo River Mediterranean Sea Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean Red Sea L. Victoria L. Albert--> L. Chad--> L. Tanganyika-> <--Gulf of Aden Senegal River
  5. 5. The Mighty Nile River: “Longest River in the World”
  6. 6. The Congo River Basin <ul><li>Covers 12% of the continent. </li></ul><ul><li>Extends over 9 countries. </li></ul><ul><li>2,720 miles long. </li></ul><ul><li>99% of the country of Zaire is in the Congo River basin. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Niger River Basin <ul><li>Covers 7.5% of the continent. </li></ul><ul><li>Extends over 10 countries. </li></ul><ul><li>2,600 miles long. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hydroelectric Power
  9. 9. Drakensburg Mts. Δ Mt. Kenya Δ Mt. Kilimanjaro Mountains & Peaks Atlas Mts.
  10. 10. Mt. Kilimanjaro: Snow on the Equator ?
  11. 11. The African Plateau
  12. 12. Deserts Sahara Desert Sahel Kalahari Desert Namib Desert Libyan Desert Great Rift Valley
  13. 13. The Sahara Desert
  14. 14. The Sahara Desert
  15. 15. Desertification It is reported that in the region south of the Sahara Desert, 1.5 million hectares of land turn is becoming barren every year, with the Sahara expanding in a southward direction.
  16. 16. The Sahel
  17. 17. Valleys & Plains Great Rift Valley
  18. 18. Great Rift Valley 3,000 miles long
  19. 19. Seismic Activity in Africa
  20. 20. Africa: The “Tropical” Continent Tropic of Cancer 20 ° N Tropic of Capricorn 20 ° S Equator 0 °
  21. 21. African Trade Winds
  22. 22. West Africa: Home of our Hurricanes
  23. 23. Vegetation Zones
  24. 24. The African Savannah: 13 million sq. mi.
  25. 25. African Rain Forest <ul><li>Annual rainfall of up to 17 ft. </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid decomposition (very humid). </li></ul><ul><li>Covers 37 countries. </li></ul><ul><li>15% of the land surface of Africa. </li></ul>
  26. 26. The Complete Topography Of AFRICA Nile River Congo River Zambezi River Niger River Orange River Limpopo River Mediterranean Sea Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean Red Sea L. Victoria L. Albert--> L. Chad--> L. Tanganyika-> <--Gulf of Aden Drajensburg Mts. Ruwenzori Mts. Δ Mt. Kenya Δ Mt. Kilimanjaro Sahara Desert Sahel Kalahari Desert Namib Desert Libyan Desert Great Rift Valley Atlas Mts. Tropic of Cancer 20 ° N Tropic of Capricorn 20 ° S Equator 0 °
  27. 27. Natural Resources
  28. 29. West African Kingdoms

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