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Middle east geography

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Middle east geography

  1. 1. The Geography of the Middle East Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. The Middle East Today: Political Map 1 2 3--> 4--> 5 6 7 8--> 11--> 9 <--10 12 13 14 15--> 16 17 18 19 20 21
  3. 3. Middle East? OR Near East? OR Southwest Asia? OR….?
  4. 4. Bodies of Water  Tigris River Nile River  Euphrates River  Jordan River  Persian Gulf Arabian Sea Mediterranean Sea Indian Ocean Red Sea Black Sea  Gulf of Aden Strait of  Hormuz Suez Canal  Dardanelles Strait  Atlantic Ocean  Gulf of Oman Caspian Sea
  5. 5. The Mighty Nile River: “Longest River in the World”
  6. 6. Egypt: The “Gift of the Nile” Annual Nile Flooding Nile Delta 95% of the Egyptian people live on 5% of the land!
  7. 7. Aswan High Dam, Egypt Hydroelectric Power Plant
  8. 8. Suez Canal Completed by the British in 1869
  9. 9. The Tigris & Euphrates River System Mesopotamia: ”Land Between the Two Rivers” Marsh Arabs, So. Iraq
  10. 10. Dust Storms Along the Tigris-Euphrates Flood Plains
  11. 11. The Jordan River System: Israel & Jordan--A Fight Over Water Rights ?
  12. 12. Dead Sea: Lowest Point on Earth Highest Salt Content (33%) 2,300’ below sea level
  13. 13. Wadis – Instant Springs
  14. 14. Mountains & Plateaus  Atlas Mts.  Elburz Mts. Taurus Mts.  Zagros Mts. Iranian Plateau Anatolian Plateau Caucasus Mts. Hejaz Mts.
  15. 15. Mountain Ranges in Mid-East Elburz Mts., Iran Zagros Mts., Iran Lebanese Mts. Taurus Mts., Turkey
  16. 16. Deserts Sahara Desert Arabian Desert Negev Desert Sinai Desert Libyan Desert Rub al-Khali
  17. 17. Desert Bedouins
  18. 18. Breeding Areas of Desert Locusts
  19. 19. Swarms of Desert Locusts! Locusts Swarm the Pyramids Complex at Giza! Israel Hit By Worst Locust Plague Since the 1950s!
  20. 20. Rub al-Khali : “The Empty Quarter”
  21. 21. Desert Oases: Water at a Premium!
  22. 22. Fresh Groundwater Sources
  23. 23. Desalinization Plants
  24. 24. Fertile Crescent
  25. 25. The Fertile Crescent
  26. 26. Completed Map  Tigris River Nile River  Euphrates River  Jordan River  Persian Gulf Arabian Sea Mediterranean Sea Indian Ocean Red Sea Black Sea  Gulf of Aden Strait of  Hormuz Suez Canal  Dardanelles Strait  Atlantic Ocean  Gulf of Oman Caspian Sea Arabian Desert Negev Desert Sinai Desert Rub al-Khali  Atlas Mts.  Elburz Mts. Taurus Mts.  Zagros Mts. Iranian Plateau Anatolian Plateau Caucasus Mts. Hejaz Mts. Sahara Desert Libyan Desert
  27. 27. The Middle East vs. the U. S. Latitude Lines
  28. 28. Middle East: Climate Regions
  29. 29. Middle East: Population Density
  30. 30. Cairo, Egypt: Most Populated City in the Middle East 17,000,000+ People!
  31. 31. The Middle East: Natural Vegetation
  32. 32. The Natural Resources of the Middle East
  33. 33. World Oil Reserves
  34. 34. Persian Gulf Oil Exports (2003)
  35. 35. Saudi Oil Fields & Refineries
  36. 36. Kuwait: An Island Floating on a Sea of Oil Kuwait City
  37. 37. Leading U. S. Oil Suppliers The U. S. imports 30% of its oil needs from the Middle East.

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